Psychology Frontiers And Applications Study Set 5

Psychology

Quiz 11 :

Motivation and Emotion

Quiz 11 :

Motivation and Emotion

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One of the problems in defining sexual orientation is that many people identify as homosexuals but very few of these people actually engage in homosexual behaviour.
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False

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Evolutionary psychologists assume that positive emotions are adaptively significant because they serve to narrow our attention to relevant stimuli.
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False

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A drive is an inherited characteristic that is automatically generated in response to certain stimuli.
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False

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A drop-rise pattern in the level of glucose in our bodies appears to trigger hunger.
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An approach-approach conflict occurs when a person experiences conflict when deciding between two attractive alternatives.
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A friend of yours who is in a bad mood calls you a jerk, which in turn evokes an emotional response of anger in you. In terms of the four basic components of emotion, the phrase uttered by your friend that served to trigger your anger would be considered an instrumental behaviour.
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Performance anxiety was discussed as one of the psychological factors that can inhibit sexual functioning.
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Though scientists first thought that the lateral hypothalamus (LH) was a "hunger on" centre, they now believe that the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) is responsible for this particular function.
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The concepts of emotion and motivation are closely associated and similar in that both involve states of arousal and both can trigger patterns of action.
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According to Hull's drive theory, drives are generated by physiological disruptions of homeostasis.
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Repeated "yo-yo dieting" makes it increasingly more difficult for a person to lose weight.
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According to objectification theory, society has a detrimental impact on women by teaching them to view their bodies as things or commodities.
True False
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CCK (cholecystokinin) is released into the bloodstream and travels to the brain where it stimulates receptors that initiate hunger.
True False
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According to William Masters and Virginia Johnson's four-stage sexual response cycle, the plateau phase comes before the excitement stage.
True False
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Extrinsic motivation involves performing an activity for its own sake because you find it enjoyable or engaging.
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In self-determination theory, the psychological need of relatedness is in direct opposition to the need of relatedness and a person needs to find a balance between the two.
True False
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In approach-avoidance conflicts, the tendency to avoid the goal increases in strength faster than the tendency to approach the goal does.
True False
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Mastery-avoidance goals reflect a fear of not performing up to one's own standards.
True False
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The case of the Pima Indians of Arizona was presented to illustrate how genetic and environmental factors can interact to produce obesity.
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According to evolutionary psychologists, the key to understanding motives, like affiliation for example, is their adaptive significance.
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