Psychology Frontiers And Applications Study Set 5

Psychology

Quiz 17 :

Treatment of Psychological Disorders

Quiz 17 :

Treatment of Psychological Disorders

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One of the key assumptions of social skills training is that the skills deficits of a particular individual may be reflective of disordered relationships in the family system.
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False

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Acceptance and commitment therapy includes the process of mindfulness as a vehicle for change.
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True

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Systematic desensitization differs from exposure therapy in that systematic desensitization is based on the principle of extinction while exposure therapy is based on the principle of counterconditioning.
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False

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One of the primary functions of free association in psychoanalysis is to gain access to unconscious material.
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Systematic desensitization attempts to treat anxiety disorders by teaching clients a response that is considered to be incompatible with anxiety.
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When a therapy client responds to a therapist as if she was a significant person from the client's past, psychoanalytic theorists technically refer to this as resistance.
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Hans Eysenck analyzed data collected from health insurance companies and concluded that it provided clear empirical support for the validity of psychotherapy.
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Carl Rogers's concept of unconditional positive regard specifically refers to the ability of the therapist to be able to view the world through the client's eyes.
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The cognitive therapy approach of Aaron Beck is currently considered to be the non-pharmacological treatment of choice for depression.
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When considering the use of token economies, therapists almost always ask whether other, less painful approaches are available and whether the negative behaviour involved poses a serious risk to either the individual or society.
True False
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In brief psychodynamic therapies, the therapist is typically more focused and active than in traditional psychoanalysis.
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With a few small exceptions, meta-analysis conducted on the efficacy of various psychological treatments have revealed that most therapies are equally effective.
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All mental-health professionals must graduate from psychology graduate school program with either a master's degree or a Ph.D.
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Punishment is never used as a therapeutic technique.
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In Albert Ellis's "ABCD" model, the "B" stands for the client's maladaptive behaviours.
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Exposure therapy is based almost entirely on the principles of operant conditioning.
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Carl Rogers and Fritz Perls were similar in that both are considered to be humanistic theorists who believed that people have an inherent tendency towards self-healing.
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According to the text, the two elements that are combined in the treatment of behaviour disorders are a helping relationship and some kind of technique or intervention.
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Being knowledgeable about a client's culture and/or ethnicity while at the same time not inappropriately stereotyping a client are both important aspects of being a culturally competent therapist.
True False
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Although more expensive and time-consuming, long-term classical psychoanalysis still tends to produce better therapeutic outcomes than briefer psychodynamic therapies do.
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