Psychology Frontiers And Applications Study Set 5

Psychology

Quiz 2 :

Studying Behaviour Scientifically

Quiz 2 :

Studying Behaviour Scientifically

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Hypotheses typically specify lawful relations between certain behaviours and their causes, and tend to be broader than theories.
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True False
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False

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The three key scientific attitudes displayed by John Darley and Bibb Latané were curiosity, skepticism, and reason.
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True False
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False

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An unobtrusive measure assesses behaviour without participants being aware that they are being observed.
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True

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The optimum operational definition for exam stress would be to focus on the psychological variable of self-reported anxiety.
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The problem in which we can't tell which of two variables causes the other (e.g., does A cause B or does B cause A) is called the third-variable problem.
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A hypothesis is a tentative explanation or prediction about some phenomenon.
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A major disadvantage of correlational research is that the correlation coefficient tells you the direction of a correlation (i.e., whether X and Y are negatively or positively correlated) but not how strongly the two variables are related.
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Random assignment is used to ensure that a sample is representative of the population from which it is drawn.
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Case studies enable us to make better generalizations than do naturalistic observations.
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All other things being equal, a simpler theory is considered to be better than a more complex theory.
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In both correlational research and experimental research, the experimenter manipulates a variable
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In an experiment, the independent variable is the one that is manipulated by the researcher.
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Researchers often manipulate more than one independent variable in experiments because it better captures the complexity of human behaviour.
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Self-report measures inform us about the behaviour of an individual, by asking for information from the people around him/her.
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A correlation of.53 is considered to be stronger than a correlation of -.78.
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An operational definition defines a variable in terms of the specific procedures used to measure it.
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The independent variable is the variable administered to the experimental group and the dependent variable is the variable administered to the control group.
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In correlational research, the experimenter measures all of the variables and statistically determines whether there is an association between them.
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Random sampling occurs when every member of a target population has an equal chance of being in a survey.
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The research method in which the researcher observes behaviour occurring in a natural setting is called a case study.
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