Psychology Frontiers And Applications Study Set 5

Psychology

Quiz 7 :

Learning and Adaptation: the Role of Experience

Quiz 7 :

Learning and Adaptation: the Role of Experience

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The most important ingredient in extinguishing a classically conditioned behaviour is the repeated presentation of the CS without the CR.
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False

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Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both types of association learning.
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True False
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True

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Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which behaviour is influenced by its consequences.
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False

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Habituation is another term for sensory adaptation.
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Extinction will usually occur if the CS is presented several times without the UCS.
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Negative and positive reinforcement are different in that while positive reinforcement strengthens a response, negative reinforcement weakens a response.
True False
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When an operantly conditioned behaviour occurs in response to a new antecedent stimulus that is similar to the original antecedent stimulus, that behaviour is said to be under stimulus control.
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Psychologists sometimes use aversion therapy in order to condition repulsion to a stimulus that triggers an unwanted behaviour by pairing that stimulus with an aversive or noxious UCS.
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The UCR and CR differ in that the CR is learned and the UCR is unlearned.
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In operant conditioning, a discriminative stimulus is one that signals when a particular response will generate specific consequences.
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Though the techniques are powerful, research has failed to demonstrate how the principles of classical conditioning can impact the functioning of the immune system.
True False
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In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus eventually becomes an unconditioned stimulus.
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Discriminative conditioning is said to occur when a neutral stimulus is paired repeatedly with an already established CS.
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A child who has her TV-watching privileges taken away because she lied to her parents is receiving a response cost punishment.
True False
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Using positive punishment to suppress behaviour can be disadvantageous because it can result in the person being punished avoiding the punisher.
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Secondary reinforcers become reinforcers by being associated with discriminative stimuli.
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Variable schedules of reinforcement have been shown to produce greater resistance to extinction compared to fixed schedules of reinforcement.
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Escape and avoidance learning are thought to achieve their impacts on learning primarily through the process of negative reinforcement.
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Punishment and negative reinforcement are similar in that they both serve to weaken behaviour or make it less likely to occur in the future.
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The behavioural approach explains learning in terms of both directly observable events and mental events.
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