Psychology Frontiers And Applications Study Set 5

Psychology

Quiz 4 :

Genes, Evolution, and Behaviour

Quiz 4 :

Genes, Evolution, and Behaviour

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In a true act of altruism, the helping individual gains a personal advantage.
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True False
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False

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The greatest similarity in intelligence scores for different family relations is between mothers and their firstborn children.
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True False
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False

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According to the theory of reciprocal altruism, we help those that share their genes with us.
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True False
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False

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Personality traits such as extraversion and emotional stability were helpful in attaining dominance.
True False
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A heritability coefficient of 0.70 for math ability indicates that 70% of the variation in math ability between individuals is due to genetic factors.
True False
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In humans, each cell has 23 chromosomes.
True False
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The gene knockout procedure involves using certain enzymes to cut DNA into molecules to combine them with the DNA of another organism.
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In examining the factors that influence personality traits, the role of genetic similarity has been shown to be equally important compared to the role of the family environment.
True False
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Some research has shown that identical twins raised apart are still more similar than fraternal twins raised together.
True False
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Both males and females rate mutual attraction as one of the top qualities they seek in a mate.
True False
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Twins, whether identical or fraternal, tend to be treated very similarly by others.
True False
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The concept of a reaction range emphasizes the fact that genetic and environmental factors interact to influence behaviour.
True False
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Genetic variation enables some individuals to adapt to their environment, thus ensuring their survival.
True False
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Both males and females rate physical attractiveness as the top quality they seek in a mate.
True False
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Evolutionary theorists argue that we find symmetrical faces to be most attractive because it is an indication of good health.
True False
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Genotypes are present from conception, but phenotypes can be affected by the environment.
True False
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Polyandry occurs in a species if the male is low in parental investment and the female is high.
True False
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Sometimes, as part of the natural selection process, characteristics called "neutral" variations that neither enhance nor hinder survival are passed on.
True False
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If a gene is recessive, the particular characteristic will show up if at least one partner carried it.
True False
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Dizygotic twins share the same amount of genetic material as do regular siblings.
True False
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