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Psychology Frontiers And Applications Study Set 5

Psychology

Quiz 9 :

Language and Thinking

Quiz 9 :

Language and Thinking

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Research on mental rotation has found that the greater the degree of rotation, the less time it takes to judge if two shapes are the same.
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False

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Infants learn to discriminate more and more phonemes as they get older.
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False

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Your ability to comprehend what your friend is saying even if loud noises obscure some of what she says would be an example of using bottom-up processing for language comprehension.
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It is assumed that the availability heuristic sometimes results in inaccurate judgments by leading people to confuse probability judgments with how easy it is to call up information from memory.
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Morphemes are the smallest unit of sound that can be recognized as separate in a language.
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It is assumed that problem-solving schemas facilitate the performance of experts by allowing them to solve problems in working memory.
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Expertise and wisdom can be considered as the same constructs.
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A person who is generating many possible solutions to a problem and is attempting to incorporate new and unusual ideas into these solutions is engaged in convergent thinking.
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Research on the linguistic relativity hypothesis has revealed that language can determine how we think.
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The text discusses a problem where you assume that you have a drawer containing 19 single black socks and 13 single blues and you are asked to determine how many socks you must pull out in the dark in order to be sure of having a matching pair. This problem was presented to demonstrate how the belief bias can interfere with deductive reasoning.
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The five properties that are common to all languages are that they are all symbolic, have structure, convey meaning, are generative, and permits displacement.
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Research using fMRIs found that men exhibit greater left-hemisphere activation during language tasks compared to women.
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The surface structure consists of the way symbols are combined within a given language.
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A mode of thought in which we seem to "hear" verbal sentences in our minds is referred to as imaginal thought.
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Many concepts are defined by propositions, which are considered to be the most familiar or representative members of a class or group.
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The fact that a child will generally have great difficulty learning a language if he is first exposed to it after puberty is generally taken as evidence that language has a sensitive period.
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Procedures or formulas that, if used correctly, always lead to correct solutions are called algorithms.
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A person who engages in "top-down" processing and reasons from general principles to conclusions about a particular case is involved in deductive reasoning.
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Knowing how to politely interrupt someone who is speaking would be an example of pragmatics.
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"The Crow and the Trains" problem was presented to demonstrate the importance of framing a problem correctly.
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