Understanding Pathophysiology Study Set 3

Medicine

Quiz 13 :
Structure and Function of the Neurological System

Quiz 13 :
Structure and Function of the Neurological System

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When a patient asks what the somatic nervous system controls, how should the nurse respond?
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Answer:

C

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A nurse is preparing to teach about neurons. Which information should the nurse include?
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Answer:

A

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When a student asks in which region of the neuron do nerve impulses travel the fastest, how should the nurse respond?
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Answer:

A

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A neurologist is teaching the staff about motor neurons. Which structural classification identifies motor neurons?
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An experiment looking at an isolated neuron revealed a sensory nerve with one process containing a dendritic portion extending away from the CNS and an axon extending toward the CNS. Which of the following classifications would this neuron fall into?
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A cell was isolated from the CNS. A researcher revealed that its main function was to clear cellular debris. What type of cell is the researcher studying?
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Which neurons have the capacity for regeneration?
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When a presynaptic neuron is stimulated in a patient's body by an electrical current, from where are the neurotransmitters released?
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Neurotransmitters interact with the postsynaptic membrane by binding to which structure?
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If a neuron's membrane potential is held close to the threshold potential by excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs), what state is the neuron in?
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A patient brought to the emergency room (ER) with severe burns is requesting something for the excruciating pain and is medicated with morphine. What neurotransmitter is blocked with this medication, thus reducing the pain?
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What area of the brain is responsible for wakefulness and attention?
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During rehabilitation for severe brain damage following a motor vehicle accident, a patient reports that her thought processes and ability to concentrate are impaired. Which area does the nurse suspect is damaged?
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A neurologist is teaching about the region responsible for motor aspects of speech. Which area is the neurologist discussing?
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A patient is looking at a picture of the brain and points to the convolutions on the surface of the cerebrum. What does the nurse say about these convolutions?
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Where is the primary visual cortex of the brain located?
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A nurse is preparing to teach about functions to maintain homeostasis and instinctive behavioural patterns. Which area of the brain is the nurse discussing?
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When a nurse is teaching about the transverse fibre tract that connects the two cerebral hemispheres, what term should the nurse use?
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A student nurse asks the nurse what controls reflex activities concerned with heart rate and blood pressure. What is the nurse's best response? These reflex activities are controlled by the:
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Blockage of which of the following would cause hydrocephalus?
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