Understanding Pathophysiology Study Set 3

Medicine

Quiz 21 :

Alterations of Hematological Function

Quiz 21 :

Alterations of Hematological Function

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A 45-year-old male is diagnosed with sideroblastic anemia. When he asks what the most likely cause of this disease is, what is the nurse's best response?
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A

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A 50-year-old female was diagnosed with sideroblastic anemia. Which of the following assessment findings would most likely occur?
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A 65-year-old experienced loss of appetite, weight loss, lemon-yellow skin, liver enlargement, and a beefy red tongue shortly before her death. Autopsy suggested pernicious anemia, and the cause of death would most likely reveal:
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C

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A 21-year-old female was recently diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. In addition to fatigue and weakness, which of the following clinical signs and symptoms would she most likely exhibit?
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A patient who demonstrates chronic gastrointestinal bleeding is diagnosed with anemia. What is the primary cause of the patient's anemia?
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A 21-year-old woman was recently diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. Her hematocrit is 32%. Which of the following treatments would the nurse expect to be prescribed for her?
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A 2-year-old malnourished child is diagnosed with vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies. A blood smear suggests the deficiency is macrocytic and normochromic. What would the hemoglobin level be?
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A nurse is reviewing laboratory results and notices that the erythrocytes contain an abnormally low concentration of hemoglobin. What term best describes these cells?
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What hemodynamic change should the nurse monitor for in a patient who has a reduction in the number of circulating erythrocytes?
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A 5-year-old was diagnosed with normocytic-normochromic anemia. Which type of anemia does the nurse suspect the patient has?
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A 40-year-old male's history includes being a vegetarian and abusing alcohol. Which of the following factors put him at greatest risk for developing folate deficiency anemia?
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The nurse will check which of the following tests to directly measure iron stores?
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A 45-year-old is diagnosed with macrocytic, normochromic anemia. What does the pathophysiology of this condition involve?
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A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with vitamin B12 deficiency anemia (pernicious anemia). What is the most likely cause of this condition?
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Which individual should the nurse assess initially for a vitamin B12 deficiency anemia?
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A newborn is diagnosed with congenital intrinsic factor (IF) deficiency. What type of anemia will the nurse see documented on the chart?
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A 58-year-old female presents in the clinic with fatigue, weight loss, and tingling in her fingers. Laboratory findings show low hemoglobin and hematocrit, a high mean corpuscular volume, and normal plasma iron. These assessment findings are consistent with which type of anemia?
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A patient's anemia is described as having erythrocytes that demonstrate poikilocytosis. What does this term mean?
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A 60-year-old patient diagnosed with emphysema experiences a rapid and pounding heart, dizziness, and fatigue with exertion. Which respiratory assessment findings indicate the respiratory system is compensating for the increased oxygen demand?
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A 25-year-old female has a heavy menses during which she loses a profuse amount of blood. Which of the following adaptations should the nurse expect?
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