Understanding Pathophysiology Study Set 3

Medicine

Quiz 17 :
Alterations of Neurological Function in Children

Quiz 17 :
Alterations of Neurological Function in Children

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Which reflex of infancy will disappear first?
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Answer:

A

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A 10-month-old infant presents for a well-baby visit. Which of the following reflexes should be present at this age?
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Answer:

Answer:

C

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During infancy, what is the fastest growing part of the human body?
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Answer:

C

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Which one of the following neural tube disorders is a result of an anterior midline defect?
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An infant has an anterior midline defect of neural tube closure. What term will the nurse observe written on the chart?
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What nutrient should the nurse encourage a woman in the early stages of pregnancy to consume to prevent neural tube defects?
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What term is used to document a herniation of brain and meninges through a defect in the occipital area of the skull?
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Which term is used to document a hernial protrusion of a sac-like cyst through a defect in the posterior arch of a vertebra?
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Which term is used to describe a premature closure of one or more of the cranial sutures during the first 18 months of life?
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A baby is stillborn after 6 hours of labour. Autopsy reveals hydrocephalus caused by cystic dilation of the fourth ventricle and aqueductal compression. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
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What is the cause of true (primary) microcephaly?
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An infant is diagnosed with congenital hydrocephalus. What is a feature of this condition?
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What is the most common type of cerebral palsy?
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A child is diagnosed with cerebral palsy, characterized by extreme difficulty in fine motor coordination and purposeful movement. Which of the following types of cerebral palsy is the child experiencing?
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What disease involves the inability for the body to convert the essential amino acid phenylalanine to tyrosine?
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Parents of a 3-month-old bring the infant to the emergency room (ER) after a seizure has caused muscle rigidity. Both parents are of Jewish ancestry. For what genetic disease should this infant be screened?
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A 3-year-old has been diagnosed with bacterial meningitis. What should the nurse expect to find on the laboratory report for the most common cause of this bacterial meningitis?
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What is true about viral meningitis?
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A 3-year-old Black child with a history of sickle cell disease and is now diagnosed with meningitis. Which is the most likely micro-organism the nurse will find on the laboratory report?
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When should the nurse assess for the vomiting and headache that are the classic symptoms of childhood brain tumours?
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