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Understanding Pathophysiology Study Set 3

Medicine

Quiz 37 :

Alterations of Digestive Function in Children

Quiz 37 :

Alterations of Digestive Function in Children

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What is a sign indicating a newborn infant may have pyloric stenosis?
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C

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Which condition should the nurse assess for in mothers carrying fetuses affected by esophageal malformations?
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B

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A 1-week-old female is brought to her pediatrician for abdominal distension and unstable temperature. Physical examination reveals bradycardia and apnea. Tests reveal portal venous gas and an intestinal perforation. This condition is referred to as:
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B

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Meconium ileus (MI) is associated with which of the following disorders?
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Enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung's disease is related to which neonatal finding?
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A 2-week-old infant vomits forcefully immediately after feeding for no apparent reason and is frequently constipated. These signs support which diagnosis?
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Occurrence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is highest in which pediatric population?
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What term is used to document the condition that exists when the esophagus ends in a blind pouch?
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Celiac disease, or sprue, is caused by alterations of the intestinal:
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What is the most common symptom of Meckel diverticulum observed in children?
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A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of "currant jelly" stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve. Which term is used to describe this type of obstruction?
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A 2-month-old female is brought to the emergency room (ER) for persistent bile-stained vomiting after feeding. Physical examination reveals dehydration, and x-ray reveals gas bubbles in the intestines. What is the most likely cause of this condition?
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The family learns that a 3D ultrasound of a 9-week fetus shows incomplete fusion of the nasomedial process. What is this defect commonly called?
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Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:
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Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
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An 8-week-old male was recently diagnosed with cystic fibrosis (CF). Which of the following digestive alterations would be expected?
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An 8-week-old is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. The infant is at risk for the development of which gastrointestinal disorder?
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When a newborn has a lack of bilirubin uptake by the liver, what does the nurse suspect is occurring in the patient?
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A 2-month-old is diagnosed with Hirschsprung's disease with the resulting development of a megacolon. What is the cause of Hirschsprung's disease?
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Why is prolonged diarrhea more serious in children than adults?
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