Understanding Pathophysiology Study Set 3

Medicine

Quiz 31 :

Alterations of Renal and Urinary Tract Function in Children

Quiz 31 :

Alterations of Renal and Urinary Tract Function in Children

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Which of the following clusters of symptoms would support a child's diagnosis of glomerulonephritis?
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D

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An infant male has a urethral opening that is located behind the glans. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
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A

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A 4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which of the following assessment findings accompanies this condition?
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Upon examination of a male infant, it is determined that the urethral meatus is located on the undersurface of the penis. How will the nurse document this condition?
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A 10-year-old male is diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. Tests reveal the deposition of immunoglobulin IgA in the glomerular capillaries. The nurse will monitor for recurrent:
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What term is used to describe a chronic kidney failure caused by a lack of development of one of the kidneys?
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Physical examination of a newborn who dies shortly after birth reveals wide-set eyes, parrot-beak nose, low-set ears, and receding chin. These abnormalities support which diagnosis?
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A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms tumour. Which clinical condition is often associated with this disease?
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A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent before. This history supports which form of enuresis?
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What term is used to describe a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters that is the cause of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs)?
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A 6-year-old male diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. This condition would be graded:
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When a child is admitted with acute kidney failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute kidney failure is:
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A nurse observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumours. A nurse knows the tumours are found in the:
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In addition to a mass, the child with Wilms tumour may also exhibit which assessment finding? (Select all that apply.)
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A 7-year-old is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which sign would support this diagnosis?
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A 15-year-old presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever and is diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. What is the most likely cause of this condition?
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What is the life expectancy of infants who are diagnosed with bilateral renal agenesis expected to be?
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If nephrotic syndrome is not caused initially by kidney disease, it is termed _____ nephrotic syndrome.
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A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the:
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