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Alterations in Cognitive Systems, Cerebral Hemodynamics, and Motor Function
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Understanding Pathophysiology Study Set 3

Medicine

Quiz 15 :
Alterations in Cognitive Systems, Cerebral Hemodynamics, and Motor Function

Quiz 15 :
Alterations in Cognitive Systems, Cerebral Hemodynamics, and Motor Function

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What part of the brain is responsible for mediating arousal?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

C

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A 20-year-old experiences a severe closed head injury as a result of a motor vehicle accident. Which of the following structures is most likely keeping the patient in a vegetative state (VS)?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

B

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A 16-year-old's level of arousal was altered after taking a recreational drug. Physical examination revealed a negative Babinski sign, equal and reactive pupils, and roving eye movements. Which of the following diagnoses will the nurse most likely see on the chart?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

B

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What breathing pattern reflects respirations based primarily on carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood?
Multiple Choice
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A teenager sustains a severe closed head injury following an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accident and is in a state of deep sleep that requires vigorous stimulation to elicit eye opening. How should the nurse document this in the chart?
Multiple Choice
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A patient experiences a severe head injury hitting a tree while riding a motorcycle. Breathing becomes deep and rapid but with normal pattern. What term should the nurse use for this condition?
Multiple Choice
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A patient presents to the emergency room (ER) reporting excessive vomiting. A CT scan of the brain reveals a mass in the:
Multiple Choice
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For legal purposes, brain death is defined as:
Multiple Choice
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What is a patient experiencing when thought content and arousal level are intact, but a patient cannot communicate and is immobile?
Multiple Choice
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What term is used to describe an excessive and disorderly discharge of cortical neurons?
Multiple Choice
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A patient has memory loss of events that occurred before a head injury. What cognitive disorder does the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing?
Multiple Choice
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A 65-year-old patient who recently suffered a cerebral vascular accident is now unable to recognize and identify objects by touch because of injury to the sensory cortex. How should the nurse document this finding?
Multiple Choice
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A patient experiences a stroke and now has difficulty writing and producing language. This condition is most likely caused by occlusion of the:
Multiple Choice
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A patient with an addiction to alcohol checked into a rehabilitation centre experiencing delirium, an inability to concentrate, and being easily distracted. What term would be used to document this state?
Multiple Choice
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A patient is experiencing an increase in intracranial pressure. What does this increase result in?
Multiple Choice
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What term describes a compensatory alteration in the diameter of cerebral blood vessels in response to increased intracranial pressure?
Multiple Choice
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A patient is admitted to the neurological critical care unit with a severe closed head injury. When an intraventricular catheter is inserted, the intracranial pressure (ICP) is recorded at 24 mm Hg. How should the nurse interpret this reading?
Multiple Choice
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A 70-year-old patient is being closely monitored in the neurological critical care unit for a severe closed head injury. After 48 hours, signs of deterioration occur: pupils are small and sluggish, pulse pressure is widening, and heart rate is bradycardic. These clinical findings are evidence of what stage of intracranial hypertension?
Multiple Choice
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The primary care provider states that a patient is experiencing vasogenic edema. Why is this clinically important?
Multiple Choice
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The progress notes read: the cerebellar tonsil has shifted through the foramen magnum due to increased pressure within the posterior fossa. What type of herniation is this?
Multiple Choice
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