Understanding Pathophysiology Study Set 3

Medicine

Quiz 27 :

Alterations of Pulmonary Function

Quiz 27 :

Alterations of Pulmonary Function

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A 68-year-old is diagnosed with restrictive lung disease caused by fibrosis. Which pulmonary function test finding is expected?
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D

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A 60-year-old with a history of cardiovascular disease presents with dyspnea, impaired ventilation, and pleural pain. A diagnosis of pleural effusion is made, and a watery fluid is drained. How might this fluid be described?
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D

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What phrase describes the condition in which a series of alveoli in the left lower lobe receive adequate ventilation but lack adequate perfusion?
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B

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An 80-year-old develops pneumonia in the hospital. An assessment identifies that the patient is cyanotic and tachycardic and has developed a fever and a cough. Chest x-ray reveals pus in the pleural space. This symptomology supports which medical diagnosis?
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What type of breathing will the nurse observe while assessing a patient experiencing both metabolic acidosis and Kussmaul respirations?
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As a result of a severe head injury, a patient is now experiencing respiratory abnormalities characterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing with periods of apnea. What term should the nurse use when charting this condition?
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Which assessment findings will the nurse observe in a patient diagnosed with severe pulmonary edema?
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What is the most common cause of pulmonary edema?
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Which organism does the nurse suspect is the most likely cause of empyema?
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A patient's arterial blood gas reveals decreased carbon dioxide (CO2) levels. What is the most likely cause of this situation?
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A 20-year-old presents reporting difficulty breathing when lying down. What term should the nurse use to document this condition?
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A nurse is reviewing the results of an arterial blood gas (ABG) and finds reduced oxygenation of arterial blood. What term should the nurse use to describe this condition?
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A 50-year-old presents with hypotension, hypoxemia, and tracheal deviation to the left. Tests reveal that the air pressure in the pleural cavity exceeds barometric pressure in the atmosphere. Based upon these assessment findings, what does the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing?
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When giving report, what term should the nurse use to describe the coughing up of bloody secretions?
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A 26-year-old recently underwent surgery and is now experiencing dyspnea, cough, fever, and leukocytosis. Tests reveal a collapsed lung caused by the removal of air from obstructed alveoli. Which term is used to document this condition?
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A 57-year-old presents with cough, sputum production, dyspnea, and decreased lung volume and is diagnosed with pneumoconiosis. When taking the patient's history, which finding is the most probable cause of the illness?
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Which of the following laboratory values would the nurse expect in a patient who has sustained trauma to the lungs and chest wall and is experiencing respiratory failure?
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A 65-year-old diagnosed with emphysema presents to the ER for difficulty breathing. Physical examination reveals both bluish skin and mucous membranes. What term will the nurse use to document these observations?
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A 10-year-old develops pneumonia. Physical examination reveals subcostal and intercostal retractions. The child reports that breathing is difficult with feelings that, "I cannot get enough air." What term should the nurse use to document this condition?
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What will a low ventilation-perfusion ratio of the lung result in?
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