Quiz 10: Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century

Nursing

A Explanation: Behaviorist theories emphasize learning concepts from simple to complex with minimal learner participation in the learning activity.Change theories posit that learning occurs in ways that are congruent with an individual's value systems.Cognitive theories state that learners link new knowledge to meaningful knowledge they already possess.Humanistic theories allow learners to set their own goals.

A Explanation: Edgar Dale's cone of experience theory says that skills are best learned with an initial demonstration followed by lots of practice time and the opportunity for repeat demonstrations.Finding out the client's motivating factors and designing rewards that fit these motivators would reflect concepts of change theory.Identify the learning styles of individual clients and tailoring teaching to his or her style would reflect concepts found in cognitive theories.Using teaching styles that stimulate all five senses and limiting environmental distractions would reflect the concepts in cognitive theory.

C Explanation: Cognitive theories detail active engagement in learning while designing activities that link new knowledge to old.A learning-centered environment would fit this description.Behaviorist theory includes presenting material from simple to complex with minimal learner engagement.This would be best observed in lectures.Change theories are most often used in patient teaching and include assessing readiness to learn and recognizing that changes must be congruent with the patient's values.Humanistic theory would encourage students to set their own goals for the learning experience.