Quiz 18: Violence Against Women: an Epidemic and a Health Issue

Nursing

C Explanation: Violence against women is a global epidemic affecting 35% of women worldwide.

C Explanation: About 25% to 33% of women in the United States will experience IPV in their lifetimes, and being a survivor of IPV is often associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes.Victims should not be blamed for using resources.Working with victims of IPV to create a plan of care that responds to their needs is no more time consuming than working with other types of patients.It is not a legal requirement to screen all women for IPV, but consensus practice guidelines are available that provide recommendations for when screening should occur.There are a significant number of people affected by IPV, but this response is not specific enough.

A Explanation: Higher rates of STIs are seen in women who are victims of intimate partner violence.The nurse should suspect the woman is in a violent relationship, and because patient safety comes first, the nurse should assess whether the patient feels safe to go home.Asking whether the patient is "cheating" is judgmental and inappropriate.It also implies that the woman is to blame for her medical problem.Suggesting that the patient's husband is "cheating" is judgmental and does not consider the safety of the patient.The other thing to consider is that some STIs can be asymptomatic in women for long periods of time.Placing blame on either partner is counterproductive and misses the opportunity to assess for violence.Women in violent relationships have higher rates of STIs.Education on how STIs are transmitted and can be prevented is important for any patient who has a suspected STI, but this does not consider the patient's safety, so it is not the best answer.