Quiz 6: Health Policy and Planning and the Nursing Practice Environment

Nursing

A Explanation: Before the involvement of the federal government in health care financing in the 1990s, physicians (and health care facilities)charged a fee for services, which was generally paid for either out of pocket by the individual or by private health insurance companies.There has always been some charitable health care, but this has not been the primary method of payment.Entitlement programs, such as Medicare, cover health care expenses for certain designated groups.States are involved in some health care financing but certainly not the majority of it.

C Explanation: Through the political process, individuals, groups, agencies, and government entities have a voice in developing our health care system via regulations, establishing outcomes, and developing policy.Lobbyists can be an effective tool, but they are expensive, and in the case of issues that are very popular with the general public, they may not be necessary at all.Everyone has a voice in our national health care system.There are multiple avenues for influencing health care policy; voting is one but is not necessarily the primary method.

C Explanation: The party's stands on specific issues are called planks, which come together to form a platform, which represents the consensus of party delegates on specific issues of importance to the party leaders.The party votes on issues during the political conventions, which then become the basis of arguments made during a political race.The financing means of the convention is not known as a plank.The supporters of various programs are not known as planks.