Quiz 20: Patient Safety

Nursing

D Explanation: A total of 98,000 people were estimated to have died each year from errors during hospital care.The report estimated that more than 25,000 people, as many as 98,000, die each year from errors occurring during hospital care.The report estimated that more than 35,000 people, as many as 98,000, die each year from errors occurring during hospital care.The report estimated that more than 50,000 people, as many as 98,000, die each year from errors occurring during hospital care.

C Explanation: Nurses interact with patients on a frequent basis and so are positioned to prevent medical errors as much as 90% of the time.Nurses should play a leadership role in all patient care situations, but this is not the best answer for this question because in many work environments, nurses still take a subservient role.Nurses are taught communication skills in nursing school, but nurses and other health care providers are taught to communicate in very different ways.Nurses do provide some care that is considered risky, such as medication administration, but physicians often provide the riskiest care, such as operations and invasive procedures.

D Explanation: Process design and implementation most often lead to the commission of errors.The nurse is a key member of the team to identify poor processes and to work on improvement of processes.Professional staff does have a legal responsibility for safe care, but hospital systems are more often the root cause of errors.Individuals do make each error, but often the error is the result of many problems within the system and processes of the health care facility.The system is responsible for many of its employees' actions but not for all.