Quiz 4: Pioneers of Modern Teaching


The child-directed approach enables children to select content and pursue their interests.The teacher guides and supports this effort, while relating content from other disciplines.This approach capitalizes on the child's interests.A major disadvantage of this approach is that there is little or no room for other objectives identified by educators.The directive approach is just the reverse in that there is little room for the child's interests to be met when the curriculum is organized for other specific purposes.The advantage is that students are exposed to content deemed important for society.

Students' answers may vary considerably, based on the nature of their individual experiences and beliefs.Answers should be assessed on the reflective thinking and insight that students exhibit in extracting lessons about teaching and learning from their experiences and on the extent to which they are able to link their insights to the major ideas of one of the educational pioneers discussed in the chapter.

Maria Montessori believed that the education of young children must be done in a "specially prepared environment" where the children's curriculum was based in practical, sensory, and formal activities.The preplanned teacher devices allowed the children to master skills with an intellectual outcome.Jean Piaget's philosophy was devoted to the four sub-stages of cognitive development.He believed that children construct their concepts about reality by actively exploring their environment.His movement caused Americans schools to become less formal in the environment.