Quiz 7: White-Collar Crime

Criminal Justice

Responses should include: -These types of crime do not generally come to mind when people are thinking about crime -They often involve people in positions of trust and respectability -They are often investigated by specialist regulators (e.g.Australian Taxation Office, Australian Federal Police, etc.).

Responses could include: -The term 'white-collar crime' was first used by Edwin Sutherland 1949 -He defined white-collar crime as 'Crimes committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation' -Studied 70 large corporations in the United States; found most of them regularly participated in criminal activity -Crimes were being committed by business people, from happy homes, who were mentally healthy -In the workplace environment, these people were not perceived as criminals -These people had the skills to avoid detection, they could exploit their status and occupational prestige to commit crime and avoid detection -Sutherland argued that these criminals learned the behaviour in association with others who defined the behaviour favourably.He called this 'differential association'.

Responses might include: -Not universally agreed-on definition -Sutherland's definition 'Crimes committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation' is not widely accepted -Simon (2006) argued that white-collar crime should be referred to as 'elite deviance' in order to emphasise class distinctions between suite crimes and street crimes) -Other criminologists argue for a distinction between corporate, business, financial, technological, environmental, state and occupational crime.