Crime and Criminology
Quiz 15 :
Answers could include: -In the early 19th century London, policing was largely a private affair. -There were some appointed village watchman and parish constables but these positions were honorary and position holders were not paid for their duties.Many were corruptible. -In 1829, Robert Peel introduced 'the New Police' in London to maintain order and address criminal activity. -The new police were uniformed, operated in designated patches and highly visible.Their presence was meant to deter crime.Their priority was to protect victims and arrest offenders (if circumstances demanded). -This model was considered highly successful and copied throughout the world.
Responses might include: -The role of police today is different to that of the 19th century but similarities remain. -The foot patrol continues to be a primary function and so does providing a rapid response (although the high demand for service means this is not always possible). -Of course, the means of protection have changed.Police now have access to motor vehicles, firearms, communication systems, forensic technology and provide a 24-hour service. -Requests for service are largely managed by call centres who triage calls and determine priorities, with the most serious cases being at the top of the list for response. -Detective units have been introduced to conduct forensic investigations.Detectives have specialist skills in detection and prosecution. -Specialist units have also been introduced and include: water police, dog squads, SWAT teams, scientific officers, and juvenile and domestic violence officers to name a few.