Crime and Criminology

Criminal Justice

Quiz 12 :

Social Explanations

Quiz 12 :

Social Explanations

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Giddens (1990) identifies two forms of risk.What are they?
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Responses should include:
-External risks that are posed by the world around us
-Manufactured risk that are created by human beings themselves

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What are some of the issues of using conflict theory to account for crime?
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-Simplistic view of power
-Distribution power is dependent on class, gender, ethnicity or age.However, individuals experience power in all groups they are part of and the hierarchy of power can be different in each group experienced by that individual (e.g.a lecturer might have power when presenting to students but not have power when they are meeting with the Head of School)
-Many Marxists have been criticised for conspiratorial perspectives (e.g.mining magnates influencing politicians in relation to mining tax laws)
-However, conflict theory does stress the relationship between social background and social processes and the propensity to commit crime (e.g.the poor commit street crimes, the rich commit suit crimes) as do other theories

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Garland describes how agencies of the state have relied less and less on the idea of risk as a guiding principle of government.
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False

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Sociological theories of crime focus on:
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Giddens and Beck proposed that race, gender, and class no longer shape a person's social opportunities or identity in the way they did in the past.
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How can feminist theory be applied to provide an understanding of domestic violence?
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The phrase 'the rich get richer and the poor go to prison' is a reflection of which of the following theories?
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Who is regarded as the founder of functionalism?
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Compare and contrast consensus and conflict theories of criminal behaviour.
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How does Merton's concept of anomie differ to Durkheim's?
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Which of the following is generally not committed by poorer people?
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Provide an explanation of Durkheim's concept of 'anomie'.
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Which of the following was developed in the 1970s, since it was largely ignored in the 1960s?
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Who was interested in the way in which the successive waves of immigration were linked to the incidence of crime in US cities?
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What are the two factors of crucial importance, according to Durkheim, in understanding how people behave?
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Which of the following is not one of the 'modes of adaptation' to anomie or strain identified by Merton?
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Which theory is based on the ideal that social institutions work together harmoniously to achieve justice?
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Merton believed that more crime was committed by white-collar criminals than lower class criminals.
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