Quiz 10: The Role of Theory

Criminal Justice

Response might include: -Reflect at type of formalised theory that has a close connection between theoretical statements and research findings -Establish causality -There is agreement across the scientific community that set of laws theory provides an accurate assessment of the phenomena under study -These theories are rare in criminology

Student responses may vary, but they could include: -General theory suggests that there is one main explanation for why criminal behaviour occurs most of the time whereas typological theory reject a "one size fits all" explanation.

Student response should include: -Explain most types of crime, by most people, most of the time -Identify a dominant explanation for the occurrence of crime -Establish consistent pathways to participation in crime -An example is Gottfredson and Hirshchi's (1990) findings, criminal behaviour is linked to low self-control.