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Sociology in Our Times Study Set 3

Sociology

Quiz 1 :

The Sociological Perspective

Quiz 1 :

The Sociological Perspective

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Max Weber emphasized that sociology should be value­free-research should be conducted in a scientific manner and should exclude the researcher's personal values and economic interests.
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True

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Sociology is a systematic study because sociologists apply both theoretical perspectives and research methods to examinations of social behavior.
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True False
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True

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Anomie defines a condition in which social control becomes ineffective as a result of the loss of shared values and a sense of purpose in society.
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True False
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True

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The conflict and functionalist perspectives focus primarily on microlevel (focusing on small groups)analysis,whereas the symbolic interactionist approaches are based on a macrolevel (examining whole societies,large-scale social structures,and social systems)analysis.
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In the Marxian framework,the working class,or bourgeoisie,is composed of those who must sell their labor because they have no other means to earn a livelihood.
True False
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Social thought began to change rapidly in the seventeenth century with the scientific revolution.
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According to Robert K.Merton,a manifest function of education is the transmission of knowledge and skills from one generation to the next;a latent function is the establishment of social relations and networks.
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C.Wright Mills believed that the most important decisions in the United States are made largely behind the scenes by the power elite-a small clique composed of the top corporate,political,and military officials.
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One of Max Weber's most useful concepts is decentralization-the process by which the modern world has come to be increasingly dominated by structures devoted to efficiency,calculability,predictability,and technological control.
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A society is a large social grouping that shares the same geographical territory and is subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
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Urbanization is the process by which societies are transformed from dependence on agriculture and handmade products to an emphasis on manufacturing and related industries.
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French philosopher Auguste Comte coined the term sociology to describe a new science that would engage in the study of society.
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The 2,400 pairs of shoes owned by Imelda Marcos,wife of the late President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines,is an example of conspicuous consumption.
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Max Weber believed that societies developed through a process of "struggle" (for existence)and "fitness" (for survival),which he referred to as the "survival of the fittest."
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The awareness that helps us understand that there is a connection between losing our job and the high unemployment rate in the region in which we live is an example of the sociological imagination.
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Sociologist Emile Durkheim observed that rapid social change and a more specialized division of labor produce strains in society.These strains lead to a breakdown in traditional organization,values,and authority and to a dramatic increase in anomie.
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According to the conflict perspective,society is a stable,orderly system.This system is characterized by societal consensus.
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According to Veblen,random consumption is the continuous public display of one's wealth and status through purchases such as expensive houses,clothing,motor vehicles,and other consumer goods.
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The sociological imagination helps us place personal troubles,such as losing one's job or overspending on credit cards,into a larger social context,where we can distinguish whether and how personal troubles may be related to public issues.
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According to the functionalist perspective,societies develop social structures (institutions)that persist because they play a part in helping society survive.These institutions include the family,education,government,religion,and the economy.
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