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Sociology in Our Times Study Set 3

Sociology

Quiz 5 :

Society,social Structure,and Interaction in Everyday Life

Quiz 5 :

Society,social Structure,and Interaction in Everyday Life

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Role strain occurs when incompatible demands are built into a single status that a person occupies.
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True False
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True

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Family,economy,education,religion,and mass media are all examples of social institutions.
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True False
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True

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Sociologist Emile Durkheim stated that as societies became industrialized and developed more specialized economic activities,social solidarity came to be rooted in the member's shared dependence on one another.
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True False
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True

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Sociologist Harold Garfinkel developed dramaturgy-the study of the commonsense knowledge that people use to understand the situations in which they find themselves.
True False
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Horticultural and pastoral societies are more egalitarian than hunting and gathering societies.
True False
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People use role exiting techniques when they do not want others to take them as the "self" implied in a particular role,especially if they think the role is "beneath them."
True False
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President Barack Obama occupies various statuses,including status as an African American,a husband,and a father.However,Obama's status as president of the United States functions as a master status.
True False
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We act on reality as we see it.Sociologists describe this process as the definition of the situation,meaning that we analyze a social context in which we find ourselves,determine what is in our best interest,and adjust our attitudes and actions accordingly.This can result in a self-fulfilling prophecy (a false belief or prediction that produces behavior that makes the originally false belief come true).
True False
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In agrarian societies,politics is based on a feudal system controlled by a political-economic elite made up of the ruler,his royal family,and members of the landowning class.
True False
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Social interactionists believe that there is very little shared reality beyond that which is socially created.They refer to this as the social construction of reality-the process by which our perception of reality is largely shaped by the objective meaning that we give to an experience.
True False
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In hunting and gathering societies,education,religion,and politics are not formal social institutions.Instead,their functions take place on an informal basis in the kinship group,which is responsible for teaching children basic survival skills such as how to hunt and gather food.
True False
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Status symbols are material signs that inform others of a person's specific status.
True False
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Traditionally,people of color and white women have been excluded from powerful "old­boy" social networks.
True False
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Social structure is essential for the survival of society and for the well-being of individuals because it provides a social web of familial support and social relationships that connects each of us to the larger society.
True False
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Conflict theorists maintain that in capitalistic societies,where a few people control the labor of many,the social structure reflects a system of relationships of domination among categories of people (for example,owner-worker and employer-employee).
True False
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Emile Durkheim argues that homelessness is a "social class phenomenon,the direct result of a steady,across­the­board lowering of the standard of living of the working class and lower class."
True False
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Social institutions are transformed by industrialism.The family increases in significance as the economy,education,and political institutions grow in size and complexity.
True False
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Homeless people have lost the vital link with social structures.Social structures are essential for the survival for society and for the well-being of individuals because they provide a social web of familial support and social relationships that connects each of us to the larger society.
True False
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The term "status" refers to those persons with high­level positions in society.
True False
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In Gemeinschaft societies such as the United States,a prevailing core value is that people should be able to take care of themselves.
True False
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