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Sociology in Our Times Study Set 3

Sociology

Quiz 8 :

Class and Stratification in the United States

Quiz 8 :

Class and Stratification in the United States

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For functionalists,the class structure is the result of production process.
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True False
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False

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Sociologists Dennis Gilbert developed a widely used model of social classes based on three elements: religion,occupation of family head,and family income.
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True False
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False

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Slavery began in the United States in the 1600s as a form of cheap labor.
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True False
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True

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An estimated 30 percent of the U.S.population is in the working class.The core of this class is made up of semiskilled machine operators who work in factories and elsewhere.
True False
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Weber believed that the workers would eventually overthrow the capitalist economic system.
True False
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Slavery in the United States has ended.
True False
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Conflict theorists stress that schools are agencies for reproducing the capitalist class system and perpetuating inequality in society.Great disparities exist in the distribution of educational resources because funding for education primarily comes from local property taxes.
True False
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Lack of affordable housing is one central problem brought about by economic inequality.Another concern is substandard housing,which refers to facilities that have inadequate heating,air conditioning,plumbing,electricity,or structural durability.
True False
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For some members of the lower-upper class,the American Dream has become a reality.Others still desire the respect of members of the upper-upper class.
True False
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Sociologist Karl Marx stated that capitalistic societies consist of two classes-the proletariat class that consists of those who own the means of production and the bourgeoisie class that consists of those who must sell their labor to the owners in order to earn enough money to survive.
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A few studies provide insight into the social interactions between people from vastly divergent class locations.Sociologist Judith Rollins's (1985)study of the relationship between household workers and their employers is one example.Based on in-depth interviews and participant observation,Rollins examined rituals of deference that were often demanded by elite white women of their domestic workers,who were frequently women of color.
True False
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People who are wealthy and well educated and who have high-paying jobs are much more likely to be healthy than are poor people.
True False
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Educational opportunities and life chances are directly linked.Symbolic interactionists view education as the "elevator" to social mobility.Improvements in the educational achievement levels of the poor,people of color,and white women have been cited as evidence that students' abilities are now more important than their class,race,or gender.
True False
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In discussing wealth,sociologist Max Weber identified entrepreneurs as a class of wealthy individuals who live off their investments and do not have to work.
True False
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According to sociologist Karl Marx,the capitalist class maintains its position at the top of the class structure by control of the society's superstructure,which is composed of the government,schools,churches,and other social institutions that produce and disseminate ideas perpetuating the existing system of exploitation.
True False
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When sociologists define poverty,they define absolute poverty as a state that exists when people may be able to afford basic necessities but are still unable to maintain an average standard of living.
True False
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Intergenerational mobility is the social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next.Intergenerational mobility may be downward as well as upward.
True False
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Sociologists often use the term socioeconomic status (SES)to refer to a combined measure that attempts to classify individuals,families,or households in terms of factors such as income,occupation,and education to determine class location.
True False
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The working poor account for about 20 percent of the U.S.population.
True False
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The term "underclass" is another word for the upper­middle class because it refers to those people found just below the wealthiest Americans.
True False
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