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Sociology in Our Times Study Set 3

Sociology

Quiz 16 :

Education

Quiz 16 :

Education

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Preindustrial societies existed before the invention of reading and writing.These societies have no written language and are characterized by very basic technology and a simple division of labor.Daily activity often centers around the struggle to survive against natural forces,and the earliest forms of education are survival oriented.
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False

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Many schools have attempted to downstream children with disabilities by providing exclusion programs,under which the special education curriculum is segregated with the regular education program.
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True False
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False

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Educational credentials are extremely important in societies that emphasize credentialism-a process of social selection in which class advantage and social status are linked to the possession of academic qualifications.
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True False
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True

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In 2000,the U.S.Supreme Court ruled in Gratz v.Bollinger that "separate but equal" segregated schools are unconstitutional because they are inherently unequal.
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According to symbolic interactionists,the undercover curriculum is the transmission of cultural values and attitudes,such as conformity and obedience to authority,through implied demands found in the rules,routines,and regulations of schools.
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Males (9.1 percent)have a higher status dropout rate than females (7 percent).
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Education serves an important purpose in all societies.At the microlevel,people must acquire the basic knowledge and skills they need to survive in society.At the macrolevel,the social institution of education is an essential component in maintaining and perpetuating the culture of a society across generations.
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A manifest function of education is that schools transmit cultural norms and values to each new generation and play an active part in the process of assimilation,whereby recent immigrants learn dominant cultural values,attitudes,and behavior so that they can be productive members of society.
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With regard to unequal funding of public schools,most educational funds come from the federal government and a small percentage from state legislative appropriations and local property taxes.
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Conflict theorists believe that education contributes to the maintenance of society and provides people with an opportunity for self-enhancement and upward social mobility.From this perspective,students must be taught to put the group's needs ahead of their individual desires and aspirations.
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Education keeps students off the street and out of the full-time job market for a number of years,thus helping keep unemployment within reasonable bounds.This illustrates a latent function of education.
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Working-class and poverty-level income parents endow their children with more cultural capital than do middle- and upper-income parents.Because cultural capital is essential for acquiring an education,children with more cultural capital have fewer opportunities to succeed in school.
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The Southern part of the United States has the lowest dropout rates while the Northeast has the highest.
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According to functionalists,the process of labeling is directly related to the power and status of those persons who do the labeling and those who are being labeled.For some students,labeling amounts to a self-fulfilling prophecy.
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Because schools bring together people of similar ages,social class,and race/ethnicity,young people often meet future marriage partners and develop social networks that may last for many years.This is an example of the manifest function of socialization in education.
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Postmodern views of higher education might incorporate the ideas of sociologist George Ritzer,who believes that "McUniversity" can be thought of as a means of educational consumption that allows students to consume educational services and eventually obtain "goods" such as degrees and credentials.
True False
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As societies industrialize,the need for formal education of the masses increases significantly.In the United States,the free public school movement was started in 1848 by Horace Mann.
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Exclusion programs are designed to mainstream children with disabilities.This is accomplished by taking the special education program curriculum and integrating it with the regular education program and each child receives an individualized education plan that provides annual educational goals.
True False
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Tracking refers to the practice of assigning students to specific curriculum groups and courses on the basis of their test scores,previous grades,or other criteria.Conflict theorists believe that tracking seriously affects many students' educational performance and their overall academic accomplishments.
True False
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Conflict theorists do not believe that public schools reduce social inequality in society;rather,they believe that schools often perpetuate class,racial/ethnic,and gender inequalities as some groups seek to maintain their privileged position at the expense of others.
True False
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