Quiz 9: Policing in the Modern Era

Criminal Justice

Answers should include definitions of community policing as a collaborative effort between the police and community that identifies problems of crime and disorder and involves all elements of the community in the search for solutions to these problems; problem oriented policing is defined as a method of policing that is geared toward identifying and solving problems within a community that are particularly troublesome and then crafting creative solutions to them.Problem-oriented policing is an analytic framework used by police to identify and solve problems that result in repeated calls for service.In contrast,for policing to be truly community oriented,it must include some degree of citizen involvement.Another,perhaps more controversial way to distinguish focuses on citizen involvement and satisfaction as an end in itself,while problem-oriented policing is seen to be concerned with achieving a swift reduction in crime.

Answers will describe each of the three points.First is citizen disenchantment with police services.Minority citizens in inner cities continue to be frustrated by police who whisk in and out of their neighborhoods with little sensitivity to community norms and values.Second concerns social-science research conducted in the 1970s that indicated preventive patrol,rapid response to calls for service,and investigative work was uniformly discouraging.Third,patrol officers have been frustrated with their traditional roles,and they have begun to demand improved methods of interacting with citizens.

Answer should list all four dimensions and provide information on each: The philosophical dimension includes the ideas and beliefs surrounding a new paradigm of policing.The strategic dimension consists of the key operational concepts that translate philosophy into action.Community-policing strategies include reoriented operations,geographic permanency,and an emphasis on crime prevention.The tactical dimension is best understood as the inevitable outcome of the successful implementation of the first two dimensions.It ultimately translates ideas,philosophies,and strategies into concrete programs,practices,and behaviors.The organizational dimension is essential to community-policing development.The structure of police agencies and their management and information services need to be adjusted to accommodate community policing through such changes as decentralization,strategic planning,and program evaluation.