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Sociology

Sociology

Quiz 11 :

Religion

Quiz 11 :

Religion

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According to your text, the Goddess hypothesis which was popular in the 1970s and 80s has been criticized as lacking support by any real archeological evidence. The reason suggested for the popularity of this theory is:
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E

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________ is the process by which sectors of society are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols.
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Secularization

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The most distinctive trait of traditional religious life, Durkheim stipulated, is the division of all things into two opposite categories: the ________ (that which should be treated with awe) and the ________ (the ordinary or every day).
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sacred; profane

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Which of the following statements regarding measuring religiosity is NOT true?
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The carefully orchestrated and solemn acts of ritual have a disciplining effect on people, directing the attention of participants to the ideals and sentiments they share with their group. They are lifted for a time out of the limited horizon of their own personal preoccupations, and exposed through highly condensed symbols, gestures, and stories to an intuitive grasp of the collective wisdom of their society. Durkheim referred to this as the ________ conscience.
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Marx believed that the quest for religious virtue, which subdued the mind and distorted thinking like a powerful narcotic, was used by the dominant class to distract the working class from developing a critical appreciation of the real source of their deprivation. He thus characterized religion as "the ________ of the people".
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Which three founding fathers of sociology paid extensive and careful attention to the study of religion in their work?
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According to Calvin's doctrine of ________, the ultimate status of believers, whether they are saved or damned, is something God has predetermined.
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________ definitions of religion focus on what religion "does," and they tend to be too broad and inclusive.
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According to Bibby, over the past 50 years Canada has become an increasingly ________ society.
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In terms of measuring religiosity, researchers Glock and Stark recommended inquiring into at least eight dimensions of religious life. One of these dimensions was the ________.
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Ireland and Quebec are examples of cases in which religion or the lack of religion have been linked to ________.
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________ saw a greater purpose for religion in society. He believed religious beliefs and practices had protected the moral integrity of social relations in the past.
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In their theory of religious economies, Stark et al posited that the most important product that a religious firm marketed was a/an ________, a strategy for obtaining a reward of immense value at a later date.
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________ religion is a term introduced by Luckmann to describe the kind of pervasive, non-institutionalized, and highly individualistic religiosity practiced by so many modern people.
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Tyler's definition of religion as the "belief in Spiritual beings" is an example of a/an ________ definition of religion, meaning that it emphasizes what religion "is" by attempting to define a crucial and universal feature of religious activity.
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The process of what sociologists call institutional ________ not only stripped religious institutions of their manifest power in social affairs, but also subverted the many latent or unintended functions that religions have long performed.
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Caught up in the emotional and almost contagious energy of a crowd, people will often experience levels of enthusiasm, ecstasy, pride, and fear quite out of keeping with their solitary experience. Durkheim regarded this as a sense of collective ________.
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________ tend to be much more homogenous than churches in their membership, drawing disproportionately from the underprivileged elements of society.
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________ argued that the ascetic impulse underlying capitalism might be the unique legacy of the Protestant Reformation.
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