Sociology

Sociology

Quiz 16 :

Demography and Urbanization

Quiz 16 :

Demography and Urbanization

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Age-specific death rates can be used to construct what demographers call a ________ table, a statistical model that estimates the number of years persons of a given age can expect to live.
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life

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In Thomas Malthus' view, human nature is marked by two basic needs or drives: the need to eat, and what he termed "the passion between the sexes." As a result, he argued an increase in the supply of food can produce only a temporary improvement in the standard of living, because it also produces an increase in population size, which then eats up any increase in food. The growth of population can only be stopped by what he termed ________ checks to the population, e.g. war, famine, and disease.
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B

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Marriage patterns, breastfeeding practices, contraceptive use, and abortion are four very important and measurable factors explaining variations in fertility across time and among societies. Demographers commonly refer to them as ________ determinants because they act directly on fertility.
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proximate

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The ________ hypothesis contends that the difference between the married and unmarried may be a result not of what happens after marriage, but a result of differences in the characteristics of those who marry and stay married versus those who do not.
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The crude birth rate in the world today is approximately twenty-four per thousand, while the crude death rate is only nine per thousand. The fifteen persons per thousand difference between these two rates is a measure of how fast the population is growing per year, and is known as the rate of:
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Demography is the study of ________; it examines how the size, structure, and rate of growth are affected by rates of fertility, mortality, and migration.
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The ________ transition theory suggests that societies pass through a three-stage process of change.
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Factors such as maternal level of education and income ________ affect the number of children families have.
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Despite Canada's large territory, our population is largely urban and quite concentrated, and more than ________ percent of the population live in the Windsor-Quebec City corridor.
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The approach that tracks groups of individuals based upon the period or year in which a person was born is known as the ________ approach.
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Thomas Malthus contended that human society could avoid the punishing effects (disease, famine) to population growth by taking steps to limit the number of births. He advised people to postpone marriage until they could provide for the children that would be born to them. For Malthus, this was an example of a:
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The crude birth rate, age-specific fertility rates, and the total fertility rate are all based on information gathered at one point in time. Such measures are referred to as ________ measures.
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Since the late 1990s, the Canadian fertility rate has hovered around 1.5 children per woman while the fertility rate has increased, and in 2008 stood at 2.1, one of the highest total fertility rates in the Western world.
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The lowest levels of life expectancy tend to be found in the less developed societies of sub-Saharan Africa, where life expectancies below age ________ years are not uncommon. This is partially attributable to the AIDS epidemic.
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The term ________ refers to the biological potential to bear children.
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The ________ rate describes average number of births that a woman will have in her lifetime if she experiences the current age-specific rates of fertility.
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Which of the following statements regarding demography is NOT true?
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The difference between the crude birth rate and the crude death rate is a measure of how fast the population is growing per year, and is known as the rate of ________.
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The ________ rate is calculated by dividing the number of deaths occurring in a population in a given period of time (usually one year) by the total size of the population, and expressed per thousand population.
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Two simple measures, the ________ and the ________, have been devised by demographers to help us understand the rate of population growth.
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