Herbert Spencer argued that human species ________ from small disjointed, undifferentiated groups of people into larger entities composed of heterogeneous, interdependent parts in a manner analogous to the way in which biological organisms develop from single cells into complex organic systems.
Proponents of the social approach to change called ________ maintain that material (usually economic) factors are the engine of change, while non-material phenomena are considered much less important influences.
For Durkheim there was always the possibility that ________ solidarity, a solidarity based on the complementarity or interdependence of occupational positions, would hold modern societies together and lead to social progress.
Fukuyama, a functionalist thinker, coined the term ________ to describe a number of significant social changes that became evident in the mid-1960s and radically transformed Western industrialized countries in the decades that followed..
Some of the foundations of modern thinking can be traced to the developments of the eighteenth century. This was the century of ________ wherein many of the doctrines of the agrarian age were challenged, especially those relating to the forms of domination prevalent at the time.