Sociology

Sociology

Quiz 17 :
Social Change

Quiz 17 :
Social Change

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Sociologists use the term ________ to describe the process of adaptation, where parts of a culture catch up with other parts.
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structural or cultural lag

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The ________, as defined by Weber, refers to the organization that has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force.
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state

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________ societies were the first to create a sustained economic surplus, which in turn gave rise to the issue of who would have access to the surplus, an issue that remains with us today.
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Farming

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________ is the control or exploitation of one society by another, usually by conquest.
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Herbert Spencer argued that human species ________ from small disjointed, undifferentiated groups of people into larger entities composed of heterogeneous, interdependent parts in a manner analogous to the way in which biological organisms develop from single cells into complex organic systems.
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The American and French Revolutions, inspired in part by ________ philosophies, challenged the right of hereditary monarchs to rule over their subjects and championed a belief in social equality.
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The ecological-evolutionary theory maintains that a society is profoundly influenced by its ________ technology.
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Social change can result from ________, which is the adoption of an innovation by a society that did not create it.
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Auguste Comte, the first person to call himself a sociologist, identified three stages that he believed all societies go through: the ________, metaphysical, and scientific or positive stages.
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________, which means "society" or "association" describes the social situation that Tönnies believed characterizes large cities once capitalist development has taken place.
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Proponents of the social approach to change called ________ maintain that material (usually economic) factors are the engine of change, while non-material phenomena are considered much less important influences.
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For Durkheim there was always the possibility that ________ solidarity, a solidarity based on the complementarity or interdependence of occupational positions, would hold modern societies together and lead to social progress.
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Revolution is said to arise primarily through ________ conflict.
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According to the ________ theory of modernization, the reason why some countries have become wealthy and others have not is because the state thwarted development in the latter.
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Fukuyama, a functionalist thinker, coined the term ________ to describe a number of significant social changes that became evident in the mid-1960s and radically transformed Western industrialized countries in the decades that followed..
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All BUT which one of the following statements is true for farming societies?
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An important change in farming societies following the invention of the plough was:
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According to the text, the advent of metal weapons contributed to what kind of domination?
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Some of the foundations of modern thinking can be traced to the developments of the eighteenth century. This was the century of ________ wherein many of the doctrines of the agrarian age were challenged, especially those relating to the forms of domination prevalent at the time.
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________ coined the term "survival of the fittest" and popularized the term "evolution."
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