# Quiz 9: Center of Mass and Linear Momentum

Physics & Astronomy

Q 1Q 1

Which one of the following statements is true?
A)the center of mass of an object must lie within the object
B)all the mass of an object is actually concentrated at its center of mass
C)the center of mass of an object cannot move if there is zero net force on the object
D)the center of mass of a cylinder must lie on its axis
E)none of the above

Free

Multiple Choice

E

Q 2Q 2

The x and y coordinates in meters of the center of mass of the three-particle system shown below are:
A)0 m, 0 m
B)1.3 m, 1.7 m
C)1.4 m, 1.9 m
D)1.9 m, 2.5 m
E)1.4 m, 2.5 m

Free

Multiple Choice

C

Q 3Q 3

The center of mass of a uniform disk of radius R is located:
A)on the rim
B)a distance R/2 from the center
C)a distance R/3 from the center
D)a distance 2R/3 from the center
E)at the center

Free

Multiple Choice

E

Q 4Q 4

The center of mass of the system consisting of Earth, the Sun, and the planet Mars is:
A)closer to the Earth than to either of the other bodies
B)closer to the Sun than to either of the other bodies
C)closer to Mars than to either of the other bodies
D)at the geometric center of the triangle formed by the three bodies
E)at the center of the line joining the Earth and Mars

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

The center of mass of Earth's atmosphere is:
A)a little less than halfway between the Earth's surface and the outer boundary of the atmosphere
B)near the surface of the Earth
C)near the outer boundary of the atmosphere
D)near the center of the Earth
E)none of the above

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

At the same instant that a 0.50-kg ball is dropped from 25 m above Earth, a second ball, with a mass of 0.25 kg, is thrown straight upward from Earth's surface with an initial speed of 15 m/s.They move along nearby lines and pass each other without colliding.At the end of 2.0 s the height above Earth's surface of the center of mass of the two-ball system is:
A)2.9 m
B)4.0 m
C)7.1 m
D)7.9 m
E)10.4 m

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

A 640-N hunter gets a rope around a 3200-N polar bear.They are stationary, 20 m apart, on frictionless level ice.When the hunter pulls the polar bear to him, the polar bear will move:
A)1.0 m
B)3.3 m
C)10 m
D)12 m
E)17 m

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Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

Two boys with masses of 40 kg and 60 kg stand on a horizontal frictionless surface holding the ends of a light 10-m long rod.The boys pull themselves together along the rod.When they meet the 40-kg boy will have moved what distance?
A)4 m
B)5 m
C)6 m
D)10 m
E)need to know the forces they exert

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Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

A thick uniform wire is bent into the shape of the letter "U" as shown.Which point indicates the location of the center of mass of this wire?
A)A
B)B
C)C
D)D
E)E

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Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

A machinist starts with three identical square plates but cuts one corner from one of them, two corners from the second, and three corners from the third.Rank the three plates according to the x coordinates of their centers of mass, from smallest to largest.
A)1, 2, 3
B)1 and 2 tie, then 3
C)1, then 2 and 3 tie
D)3, 2, 1
E)1, 3, 2

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

The center of mass of a system of particles has a constant velocity if:
A)the forces exerted by the particles on each other sum to zero
B)the external forces acting on particles of the system sum to zero
C)the velocity of the center of mass is initially zero
D)the particles are distributed symmetrically around the center of mass
E)the center of mass is at the geometric center of the system

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Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

The center of mass of a system of particles remains at the same place if:
A)it is initially at rest and the external forces sum to zero
B)it is initially at rest and the internal forces sum to zero
C)the sum of the external forces is less than the maximum force of static friction
D)no friction acts internally
E)none of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

A man sits in the back of a canoe in still water.He then moves to the front of the canoe and sits there.Afterwards the canoe:
A)is forward of its original position and moving forward
B)is forward of its original position and moving backward
C)is rearward of its original position and moving forward
D)is rearward of its original position and moving backward
E)is rearward of its original position and not moving

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Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

The center of mass of a system of particles obeys an equation similar to Newton's second law where:
A)is the total internal force and m is the total mass of the system
B)is the total internal force and m is the mass acting on the system
C)is the total external force and m is the total mass of the system
D)is the force of gravity and m is the mass of Earth
E)is the force of gravity and m is the total mass of the system

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Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

A light rope passes over a light frictionless pulley attached to the ceiling.An object with a large mass is tied to one end and an object with a smaller mass is tied to the other end.Starting from rest, the heavier object moves downward, and the lighter object moves upward with an acceleration of the same magnitude.Which of the following statements is true for the system consisting of the two objects?
A)The center of mass remains at rest.
B)The net external force is zero.
C)The velocity of the center of mass is a constant.
D)The acceleration of the center of mass is g, downward.
E)None of the above statements are true.

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Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

Two 4.0-kg blocks are tied together with a compressed spring between them.They are thrown from the ground with an initial velocity of 35 m/s, 45 above the horizontal.At the highest point of the trajectory they become untied and spring apart.About how far below the highest point is the center of mass of the two-block system 2.0 s later, before either fragment has hit the ground?
A)1.2 m
B)20 m
C)31 m
D)Can't tell because the velocities of the fragments are not given.
E)Can't tell because the coordinates of the highest point are not given.

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Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

Block A, with a mass of 4.0 kg, is moving with a speed of 2.0 m/s while block B, with a mass of 8.0 kg, is moving in the opposite direction with a speed of 3.0 m/s.The center of mass of the two-block system is moving with the velocity of:
A)1.3 m/s in the same direction as A
B)1.3 m/s in the same direction as B
C)2.7 m/s in the same direction as A
D)1.0 m/s in the same direction as B
E)5.0 m/s in the same direction as A

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

At the same instant that a 0.50-kg ball is dropped from 25 m above Earth, a second ball, with a mass of 0.25 kg, is thrown straight upward from Earth's surface with an initial speed of 15 m/s.They move along nearby lines and pass without colliding.At the end of 2.0 s the velocity of the center of mass of the two-ball system is:
A)11 m/s, down
B)11 m/s, up
C)15 m/s, down
D)15 m/s, up
E)20 m/s, down

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Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

A 2.0-kg block is attached to one end of a spring with a spring constant of 100 N/m and a 4.0-kg block is attached to the other end.The blocks are placed on a horizontal frictionless surface and set into motion.At one instant the 2.0-kg block is observed to be traveling to the right with a speed of 0.50 m/s and the 4.0-kg block is observed to be traveling to the left with a speed of 0.30 m/s.Since the only forces on the blocks are the force of gravity, the normal force of the surface, and the force of the spring, we conclude that:
A)the spring is compressed at the time of the observation
B)the spring is not compressed at the time of observation
C)the motion was started with the masses at rest
D)the motion was started with at least one of masses moving
E)the motion was started by compressing the spring

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Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

At the same instant that a 0.50-kg ball is dropped from 25 m above Earth, a second ball, with a mass of 0.25 kg, is thrown straight upward from Earth's surface with an initial speed of 15 m/s.They move along nearby lines and pass without colliding.At the end of 2.0 s the acceleration of the center of mass of the two-ball system is:
A)0.25 g
B)0.50 g
C)0.67 g
D)0.75 g
E)1.0 g

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

The position of the center of mass of a system of particles moves as x = 4.5 t + 2.4 t

^{2}+ 1.1 t^{3}, where x is in meters.If the system starts from rest at t = 0, what is its velocity at t = 3.0 s? A)8.0 m/s B)21 m/s C)49 m/s D)64 m/s E)65 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

The velocity of the center of mass of a system of particles changes as v = 4.5 t + 2.4 t

^{2}+ 1.1 t^{3}, where v is in meters per second.If the system starts from rest at t = 0, what is its acceleration at t = 3.0 s? A)7.1 m/s^{2}B)14 m/s^{2}C)20 m/s^{2}D)49 m/s^{2}E)65 m/s^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

The acceleration of the center of mass of a system of particles changes as a = 4.5t + 2.4t

^{2}+ 1.1t^{3}, where a is in m/s^{2}.If the system starts from rest at t = 0, what is its velocity at t = 2.0 s? A)8.0 m/s B)14 m/s C)20 m/s D)27 m/s E)34 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

The velocity of the center of mass of a system of particles changes as v = 4.5 t + 2.4 t

^{2}+ 1.1 t^{3}, where v is in meters per second.If the system starts from rest at t = 0, what is its position at t = 3.0 s? A)7.1 m B)21 m C)40 m D)49 m E)64 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

A large wedge with a mass of 10 kg rests on a horizontal frictionless surface, as shown.A block with a mass of 5.0 kg starts from rest and slides down the inclined surface of the wedge, which is rough.At one instant the vertical component of the block's velocity is 3.0 m/s and the horizontal component is 6.0 m/s.At that instant the velocity of the wedge is:
A)3.0 m/s left
B)3.0 m/s, right
C)6.0 m/s, right
D)6.0 m/s, left
E)17 m/s, right

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Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

A 2.0-kg mass is attached to one end of a spring with a spring constant of 100 N/m and a 4.0-kg mass is attached to the other end.The masses are placed on a horizontal surface and the spring is compressed 10 cm.The spring is then released with the masses at rest and the masses oscillate.When the spring has its equilibrium length for the first time the 2.0-kg mass has a speed of 0.36 m/s.The mechanical energy that has been lost to this instant is:
A)0 J
B)0.31 J
C)0.61 J
D)0.81 J
E)1.2 J

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Multiple Choice

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Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

The momentum of an object at a given instant is in the same direction as its:
A)displacement
B)velocity
C)acceleration
D)force
E)Momentum is a scalar and does not have a direction.

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Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

The momentum of an object at a given instant is independent of its:
A)inertia
B)mass
C)speed
D)velocity
E)acceleration

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Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

Two bodies, A and B, have equal kinetic energies.The mass of A is nine times that of B.The ratio of the momentum of A to that of B is:
A)1:9
B)1:3
C)1:1
D)3:1
E)9:1

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Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

Two objects, P and Q, have the same momentum.Q can have more kinetic energy than P if it:
A)weighs more than P
B)is moving faster than P
C)weighs the same as P
D)is moving slower than P
E)is moving at the same speed as P

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Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

A 2.5-kg stone is released from rest and falls toward Earth.After 4.0 s, the magnitude of its momentum is:
A)98 kg∙m/s
B)78 kg∙m/s
C)39 kg∙m/s
D)24 kg∙m/s
E)0 kg∙m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

A 1.0 kg-ball moving at 2.0 m/s perpendicular to a wall rebounds from the wall at 1.5 m/s.The change in the momentum of the ball is:
A)zero
B)0.5 N∙s away from wall
C)0.5 N∙s toward wall
D)3.5 N∙s away from wall
E)3.5 N∙s toward wall

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Multiple Choice

Q 34Q 34

A ball hits a wall and rebounds with the same speed, as diagrammed below.The changes in the components of the momentum of the ball are:
A)p

_{x}> 0, p_{y}> 0 B)p_{x}< 0, p_{y}> 0 C)p_{x}= 0, p_{y}> 0 D)p_{x}= 0, p_{y}< 0 E)p_{x}> 0, p_{y}< 0Free

Multiple Choice

Q 35Q 35

A particle moves along the x axis.Its momentum is graphed below as a function of time.Rank the numbered regions according to the magnitude of the force acting on the particle, least to greatest.
A)1, 2, 3, 4
B)2, 3, 4, 1
C)1, 4, 3, 2
D)4, 3, 2, 1
E)2, 4, 3, 1

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Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

If the total momentum of a system is changing:
A)particles of the system must be exerting forces on each other
B)the system must be under the influence of gravity
C)the center of mass must have constant velocity
D)a net external force must be acting on the system
E)none of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

When you step on the accelerator to increase the speed of your car, the force that accelerates the car is:
A)the force of your foot on the accelerator
B)the force of friction of the road on the tires
C)the force of the engine on the drive shaft
D)the normal force of the road on the tires
E)none of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

For a two-body collision, involving objects with different masses, a frame of reference which has the same velocity relative to the laboratory as does the center of mass of the two objects is:
A)a frame for which the momentum of the incident object is zero
B)a frame for which the momentum of the target object is zero
C)a frame for which the average momentum of the two objects is zero
D)a frame for which the total momentum of the two objects is zero
E)none of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

Force:
A)equals the negative integral (with respect to distance)of the potential energy function
B)is the ability to do work
C)is the rate of change of doing work
D)equals the time rate of change of momentum
E)has dimensions of momentum multiplied by time

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Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

Block A, with a mass of 4.0 kg, is moving with a speed of 2.0 m/s while block B, with a mass of 8.0 kg, is moving in the opposite direction with a speed of 3.0 m/s.The momentum of the center of mass of the two-block system is:
A)16 m/s in the same direction as A
B)16 m/s in the same direction as B
C)32 m/s in the same direction as A
D)12 m/s in the same direction as B
E)60 m/s in the same direction as A

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Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

The acceleration of the center of mass of a system of particles:
A)depends on all the forces on all the particles
B)depends on all the velocities of all the particles
C)depends only on the forces external to the system of particles
D)depends only on the forces internal to the system of particles
E)depends only on the force of gravity

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Multiple Choice

Q 42Q 42

The momentum of a system of particles is changing at the rate of 0.71 t + 1.2 t

^{2}, in kg∙m/s.The net force at t = 2.0 s A)cannot be determined without knowing the masses of the particles. B)is 5.5 N C)is 3.1 N D)is 1.9 N E)cannot be determined without knowing the momentum at t = 0Free

Multiple Choice

Q 43Q 43

The direction of the impulse on a struck baseball
A)depends on how fast the ball was thrown
B)is in the direction of the ball's change in velocity
C)is in the direction of the force of gravity
D)depends on how hard the ball is struck
E)Impulse is a scalar, and does not have a direction associated with it.

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Multiple Choice

Q 44Q 44

A 5-kg object can move along the x axis.It is subjected to a force in the positive x direction; a graph of F as a function of time t is shown below.Over the time the force is applied the change in the velocity of the object is:
A)0.8 m/s
B)1.3 m/s
C)1.6 m/s
D)2.3 m/s
E)4.0 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 45Q 45

The physical quantity "impulse" has the same dimensions as that of:
A)force
B)power
C)energy
D)momentum
E)work

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Multiple Choice

Q 46Q 46

A 0.3 kg rubber ball is dropped from the window of a building.It strikes the sidewalk below at 30 m/s and rebounds up at 20 m/s.The magnitude of the impulse due to the collision with the sidewalk is:
A)3.0 N∙s
B)6.0 N∙s
C)9.0 N∙s
D)15 N∙s
E)29 N∙s

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Multiple Choice

Q 47Q 47

A 10-kg block of ice is at rest on a frictionless horizontal surface.A 1.0-N force is applied in an easterly direction for 1.0 s.During this time interval, the block:
A)acquires a speed of 1 m/s
B)moves 10 cm
C)acquires a momentum of 1.0 kg m/s
D)acquires a kinetic energy of 0.1 J
E)none of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 48Q 48

A uniform narrow bar, resting on frictionless ice, is given a transverse horizontal impulse at one end as shown.The center of mass of the bar COM will then:
A)remain at rest
B)move in a circle
C)move in a straight line
D)move in a parabola
E)move along some other curve

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Multiple Choice

Q 49Q 49

A golf ball of mass m is hit by a golf club so that the ball leaves the tee with speed v.The club is in contact with the ball for time T.The average force on the club on the ball during the time T is:
A)mvT
B)mv/T
C)(1/2)mv

^{2}T D)mv^{2}/(2T) E)mT^{2}/(2v)Free

Multiple Choice

Q 50Q 50

A 640-N acrobat falls 5.0 m from rest into a net.The net tosses him back up with the same speed he had just before he hit the net.The average upward force exerted on him by the net during this collision is:
A)32 N
B)64 N
C)320 N
D)640 N
E)impossible to determine from given data

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Multiple Choice

Q 51Q 51

Sphere X, of mass 2 kg, is moving to the right at 10 m/s.Sphere Y, of mass 4 kg, is moving to the left at 10 m/s.The two spheres collide head-on.The magnitude of the impulse of X on Y is:
A)twice the magnitude of the impulse of Y on X
B)half the magnitude of the impulse of Y on X
C)one-fourth the magnitude of the impulse of Y on X
D)four times the magnitude of the impulse of Y on X
E)the same as the magnitude of the impulse of Y on X

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Multiple Choice

Q 52Q 52

Two bodies of unequal mass, placed at rest on a frictionless surface, are acted on by equal horizontal forces for equal times.Just after these forces are removed, the body of greater mass will have:
A)greater speed than the other body
B)greater acceleration than the other body
C)smaller momentum than the other body
D)greater momentum than the other body
E)the same momentum as the other body

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Multiple Choice

Q 53Q 53

A student's life was saved in an automobile accident because an airbag expanded in front of his head.If the car had not been equipped with an airbag, the windshield would have stopped the motion of his head in a much shorter time.Compared to the windshield, the airbag:
A)causes a much smaller change in momentum
B)exerts a much smaller impulse
C)causes a much smaller change in kinetic energy
D)exerts a much smaller force
E)does much more work

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Multiple Choice

Q 54Q 54

A 25-kg box of books is dropped on the floor from a height of 1.1 m and comes to rest.What impulse did the floor exert on the box?
A)cannot be answered without knowing how long it took the box to stop
B)22 kg∙m/s
C)120 kg∙m/s
D)270 kg∙m/s
E)540 kg∙m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 55Q 55

The force on a particle is given by F(t)= 0.71 t + 1.2 t

^{2}, in N.If the force acts from t = 0 to t = 2.0 s, the total impulse is: A)1.2 kg∙m/s B)1.9 kg∙m/s C)4.6 kg∙m/s D)4.8 kg∙m/s E)6.2 kg∙m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 56Q 56

The plot shows the force acting on an object as a function of time.Over the time the force is applied, the total impulse is:
A)0 N∙s
B)2 N∙s
C)4 N∙s
D)8 N∙s
E)cannot be determined without knowing the mass of the object

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Multiple Choice

Q 57Q 57

A stream of gas consists of n molecules.Each molecule has mass m and speed v.The stream is reflected elastically from a rigid surface as shown.The magnitude of the change in the total momentum of the stream is:
A)2mnv
B)2mnv sin 30
C)mnv sin 30
D)mnv cos 30
E)mnv

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Multiple Choice

Q 58Q 58

A 75-kg man is riding in a 30-kg cart at 2.0 m/s.He jumps off in such a way as to land on the ground with no horizontal velocity.The resulting change in speed of the cart is:
A)0 m/s
B)2.0 m/s
C)3.0 m/s
D)5.0 m/s
E)7.0 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 59Q 59

A shell is launched from a cannon and explodes mid-air.Which of the following is correct after the explosion?
A)Since the explosion exerts external forces on the shell, neither its horizontal momentum nor its vertical momentum is conserved.
B)Since the explosion exerts only internal forces on the shell, both its horizontal and vertical momenta are conserved.
C)Since the explosion exerts only internal forces on the shell, but gravity is an external force, neither its horizontal momentum nor its vertical momentum is conserved.
D)Since the explosion exerts only internal forces on the shell, but gravity is an external force, its horizontal momentum is conserved but its vertical momentum is not conserved.
E)Since the explosion exerts only internal forces on the shell, but gravity is an external force, its vertical momentum is conserved but its horizontal momentum is not conserved.

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Multiple Choice

Q 60Q 60

An inelastic collision is one in which:
A)momentum is not conserved but kinetic energy is conserved
B)total mass is not conserved but momentum is conserved
C)neither kinetic energy nor momentum is conserved
D)momentum is conserved but kinetic energy is not conserved
E)the total impulse is equal to the change in kinetic energy

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Multiple Choice

Q 61Q 61

A 4.0-N puck is traveling at 3.0 m/s.It strikes an 8.0-N puck, which is stationary.The two pucks stick together.Their common final speed is:
A)1.0 m/s
B)1.5 m/s
C)2.0 m/s
D)2.3 m/s
E)3.0 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 62Q 62

An elastic collision is one in which:
A)momentum is not conserved but kinetic energy is conserved
B)total mass is not conserved but momentum is conserved
C)kinetic energy and momentum are both conserved
D)momentum is conserved but kinetic energy is not conserved
E)the total impulse is equal to the change in kinetic energy

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Multiple Choice

Q 63Q 63

Whenever an object strikes a stationary object of equal mass:
A)the two objects cannot stick together
B)the collision must be elastic
C)the first object must stop
D)momentum is not necessarily conserved
E)none of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 64Q 64

In a one-dimensional collision,
A)a moving object strikes a stationary object, after which the objects move in arbitrary directions.
B)the objects must be moving along the same line before the collision, but may be moving in arbitrary directions after the collision.
C)one of the objects must remain at rest after the collision.
D)one of the objects must be at rest before the collision.
E)all motion, both before and after the collision, must be along the same line.

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Multiple Choice

Q 65Q 65

A 64-kg woman stands on frictionless level ice with a 0.10-kg stone at her feet.She kicks the stone with her foot so that she acquires a velocity of 0.0017 m/s in the forward direction.The velocity acquired by the stone is:
A)1.1 m/s forward
B)1.1 m/s backward
C)0.0017 m/s forward
D)0.0017 m/s backward
E)none of these

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Multiple Choice

Q 66Q 66

A man is marooned at rest on level frictionless ice.In desperation, he hurls his shoe to the right at 15 m/s.If the man weighs 720 N and the shoe weighs 4.0 N, the man moves to the left at approximately:
A)0 m/s
B)2.1 10

^{-2}m/s C)8.3 10^{-2}m/s D)15 m/s E)1.1 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 67Q 67

Two spacemen are floating together with zero speed in a gravity-free region of space.The mass of spaceman A is 120 kg and that of spaceman B is 90 kg.Spaceman A pushes B away from him with B attaining a final speed of 0.5 m/s.The final recoil speed of A is:
A)0 m/s
B)0.38 m/s
C)0.43 m/s
D)0.50 m/s
E)1.0 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 68Q 68

A rifle of mass M is initially at rest but free to recoil.It fires a bullet of mass m and velocity v (relative to the ground).After firing, the velocity of the rifle (relative to the ground)is:
A)-mv
B)-Mv/m
C)-mv/M
D)-v
E)mv/M

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Multiple Choice

Q 69Q 69

Bullets from two revolvers are fired with the same velocity.The bullet from gun #1 is twice as heavy as the bullet from gun #2.Gun #1 weighs three times as much as gun #2.The ratio of the momentum imparted to gun #1 to that imparted to gun #2 is:
A)2:3
B)3:2
C)2:1
D)3:1
E)6:1

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Multiple Choice

Q 70Q 70

Cart A, with a mass of 0.2 kg, travels on a horizontal air track at 3 m/s and hits cart B, which has a mass of 0.4 kg and is initially at rest.After the collision the center of mass of the two cart system has a speed in m/s of:
A)0 m/s
B)1.0 m/s
C)2.3 m/s
D)2.5 m/s
E)5.0 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 71Q 71

A 500-kg sack of coal is dropped on a 2000-kg railroad flatcar which was initially moving at 3 m/s as shown.After the sack rests on the flatcar, the speed of the flatcar is:
A)0.6 m/s
B)1.2 m/s
C)1.8 m/s
D)2.4 m/s
E)3.6 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 72Q 72

A 3.00-g bullet traveling horizontally at 400 m/s hits a 3.00-kg wooden block, which is initially at rest on a smooth horizontal table.The bullet buries itself in the block without passing through.The speed of the block after the collision is:
A)1.33 m/s
B)0.40 m/s
C)12.0 m/s
D)12.6 m/s
E)40.0 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 73Q 73

A 3-g bullet is fired horizontally into a 10-kg block of wood suspended by a rope from the ceiling.The block swings in an arc, rising 3 mm above its lowest position.The velocity of the bullet was:
A)unknown since the heat generated in the collision was not given
B)8.0 10

^{2}m/s C)24.0 m/s D)8.0 m/s E)2.4 10^{4}m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 74Q 74

A 3.0-kg cart and a 2.0-kg cart approach each other on a horizontal air track.They collide and stick together.After the collision their total kinetic energy is 40 J.The speed of their center of mass is:
A)0 m/s
B)2.8 m/s
C)4.0 m/s
D)5.2 m/s
E)8.0 m/s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 75Q 75

Blocks A and B are moving toward each other.A has a mass of 2.0 kg and a velocity of 50 m/s, while B has a mass of 4.0 kg and a velocity of -25 m/s.They suffer a completely inelastic collision.The kinetic energy lost during the collision is:
A)0 J
B)1250 J
C)3750 J
D)5000 J
E)5600 J

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 76Q 76

For a completely inelastic two-body collision the kinetic energy retained by the objects is the same as:
A)the total kinetic energy before the collision
B)the difference in the kinetic energies of the objects before the collision
C)1/2Mv

^{2}_{com}, where M is the total mass and v_{com}is the velocity of the center of mass D)the kinetic energy of the more massive body before the collision E)the kinetic energy of the less massive body before the collisionFree

Multiple Choice

Q 77Q 77

A 2-kg cart, traveling on a horizontal air track with a speed of 3 m/s, collides with a stationary 4-kg cart.The carts stick together.The impulse exerted by one cart on the other has a magnitude of:
A)0 N∙s
B)4 N∙s
C)6 N∙s
D)9 N∙s
E)12 N∙s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 78Q 78

Two identical carts travel at 1 m/s on a common surface.They collide head-on and are reported to rebound, each with a speed of 2 m/s.Then:
A)momentum was not conserved, therefore the report must be false
B)if some other form of energy were changed to kinetic during the collision, the report could be true
C)if the collision were elastic, the report could be true
D)if the surface were inclined, the report could be true
E)kinetic energy increased, therefore the report must be false

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 79Q 79

A block moves at 5 m/s in the positive x direction and hits an identical block, initially at rest.A small amount of gunpowder had been placed on one of the blocks.The explosion does not harm the blocks but it doubles their total kinetic energy.After the explosion the blocks move along the x axis and the incident block has a speed of:
A)1.8 m/s
B)3.2 m/s
C)5.0 m/s
D)6.8 m/s
E)7.1 m/s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 80Q 80

A projectile in flight explodes into several fragments.The total momentum of the fragments immediately after this explosion:
A)is the same as the momentum of the projectile immediately before the explosion
B)has been changed into kinetic energy of the fragments
C)is less than the momentum of the projectile immediately before the explosion
D)is more than the momentum of the projectile immediately before the explosion
E)has been changed into radiant energy

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 81Q 81

The law of conservation of momentum applies to a system of colliding objects only if:
A)there is no change in kinetic energy of the system
B)the coefficient of restitution is one
C)the coefficient of restitution is zero
D)the net external impulse is zero
E)the collisions are all elastic

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 82Q 82

Object A strikes the stationary object B head-on in an elastic collision.The mass of A is fixed, you may choose the mass of B appropriately.Then:
A)for B to have the greatest recoil speed, choose m

_{B}= m_{A}B)for B to have the greatest recoil momentum, choose m_{B}<< m_{A}C)for B to have the greatest recoil kinetic energy, choose m_{B}>> m_{A}D)for B to have the least recoil speed, choose m_{B}= m_{A}E)for B to have the greatest recoil kinetic energy, choose m_{B}= m_{A}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 83Q 83

Block A, with a mass of 2.0 kg, moves along the x axis with a velocity of 5.0 m/s in the positive x direction.It suffers an elastic collision with block B, initially at rest, and the blocks leave the collision along the x axis.If B is much more massive than A, the velocity of A after the collision is:
A)0 m/s
B)+5.0 m/s
C)-5.0 m/s
D)+10 m/s
E)-10 m/s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 84Q 84

A very massive object traveling at 10 m/s strikes a light object, initially at rest, and the light object moves off in the direction of travel of the heavy object.If the collision is elastic, the speed of the lighter object is
A)5.0 m/s
B)10 m/s
C)15 m/s
D)20 m/s
E)Can't tell from the information given.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 85Q 85

Sphere A has mass m and is moving with velocity v.It makes a head-on elastic collision with a stationary sphere B of mass 2m.After the collision their speeds (v

_{A}, v_{B})are: A)0, v/2 B)-v/3, 2v/3 C)-v, v D)-2v/3, v/3 E)none of theseFree

Multiple Choice

Q 86Q 86

Blocks A and B are moving toward each other along the x axis.A has a mass of 2.0 kg and a velocity of 50 m/s, while B has a mass of 4.0 kg and a velocity of -25 m/s.They suffer an elastic collision and move off along the x axis.The kinetic energy transferred from A to B during the collision is:
A)0 J
B)2500 J
C)5000 J
D)7500 J
E)10000 J

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 87Q 87

When a particle suffers a head-on elastic collision with another particle, initially at rest, the greatest fraction of kinetic energy is transferred if:
A)the incident particle is initially traveling very fast
B)the incident particle is traveling very slowly
C)the incident particle is much more massive than the target particle
D)the incident particle is much less massive than the target particle
E)the incident and target particle have the same mass

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 88Q 88

Two objects, X and Y, are held at rest on a horizontal frictionless surface and a spring is compressed between them.The mass of X is 2/5 times the mass of Y.Immediately after the spring is released, X has a kinetic energy of 50 J and Y has a kinetic energy of:
A)20 J
B)8 J
C)310 J
D)125 J
E)50 J

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 89Q 89

If a projectile hits a stationary target, and the projectile stops while the target moves at the same speed as the incoming speed of the projectile,
A)the mass of the projectile is much less than the mass of the target.
B)the mass of the projectile is equal to the mass of the target.
C)the mass of the projectile is much greater than the mass of the target.
D)nothing can be said about the masses of the projectile and target without further information.
E)this is an unphysical situation and will not actually happen.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 90Q 90

If a projectile hits a stationary target, and the projectile rebounds and travels back the way it came,
A)the mass of the projectile is much less than the mass of the target.
B)the mass of the projectile is equal to the mass of the target.
C)the mass of the projectile is much greater than the mass of the target.
D)nothing can be said about the masses of the projectile and target without further information.
E)this is an unphysical situation and will not actually happen.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 91Q 91

If a projectile hits a stationary target, and the projectile continues to travel in the same direction,
A)the mass of the projectile is less than the mass of the target.
B)the mass of the projectile is equal to the mass of the target.
C)the mass of the projectile is greater than the mass of the target.
D)nothing can be said about the masses of the projectile and target without further information.
E)this is an unphysical situation and will not actually happen.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 92Q 92

A hockey puck of mass m traveling along the x axis at 4.5 m/s hits another identical hockey puck at rest.If after the collision the second puck travels at a speed of 3.5 m/s at an angle of 30° above the x axis, what is the final velocity of the first puck?
A)1.0 m/s, 30° below the x axis
B)2.3 m/s, 50° below the x axis
C)2.8 m/s, 60° below the x axis
D)3.0 m/s, 45° below the x axis
E)not enough information

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 93Q 93

A hockey puck of mass m traveling along the x axis at 4.5 m/s hits another identical hockey puck at rest.If after the collision the second puck travels at a speed of 3.5 m/s at an angle of 30° above the x axis, is this an elastic collision?
A)Yes, since momentum is conserved.
B)No, since momentum is not conserved.
C)Yes, since kinetic energy is conserved.
D)No, since kinetic energy is not conserved.
E)Not enough information.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 94Q 94

The thrust of a rocket is
A)a gravitational force acting on the rocket
B)the force of the exiting fuel gases on the rocket
C)any force that is external to the rocket-fuel system
D)a force that arises from the reduction in mass of the rocket-fuel system
E)none of the above

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 95Q 95

At one instant of time a rocket is traveling in outer space at 2500 m/s and is exhausting fuel at a rate of 100 kg/s.If the speed of the fuel as it leaves the rocket is 1500 m/s, relative to the rocket, the thrust is:
A)0 N
B)1.0 10

^{5}N C)1.5 10^{5}N D)2.9 10^{5}N E)2.5 10^{5}NFree

Multiple Choice

Q 96Q 96

A rocket exhausts fuel with a velocity of 1500 m/s, relative to the rocket.It starts from rest in outer space with fuel comprising 80 per cent of the total mass.When all the fuel has been exhausted its speed is:
A)3600 m/s
B)2400 m/s
C)1200 m/s
D)880 m/s
E)400 m/s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 97Q 97

A 1000-kg space probe is motionless in space.To start moving, its main engine is fired for 5 s during which time it ejects exhaust gases at 5000 m/s.At the end of this process it is moving at 20 m/s.The approximate mass of the ejected gas is:
A)0.8 kg
B)4 kg
C)5 kg
D)20 kg
E)25 kg

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 98Q 98

A cart loaded with sand slides forward along a horizontal frictionless track.As the cart moves, sand trickles out at a constant rate through a hole in the back of the cart.The acceleration of the cart is:
A)constant and in the forward direction
B)constant and in the backward direction
C)variable and in the forward direction
D)variable and in the backward direction
E)zero

Free

Multiple Choice