# Quiz 11: Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum

Physics & Astronomy

Q 1Q 1

When a wheel rolls without slipping,
A)its motion is purely translational.
B)its motion is purely rotational.
C)whether its motion is purely rotational or purely translational depends on whether it is rolling up or downhill.
D)its motion is a combination of rotational and translational motion.
E)every point on its rim has the same linear velocity.

Free

Multiple Choice

D

Q 2Q 2

A wheel of radius 0.5 m rolls without sliding on a horizontal surface as shown.Starting from rest, the wheel moves with constant angular acceleration 6 rad/s

^{2}.The distance in traveled by the center of the wheel from t = 0 to t = 3 s is: A)0 m B)27 m C)13.5 m D)18 m E)none of theseFree

Multiple Choice

C

Q 3Q 3

Two wheels roll side-by-side without sliding, at the same speed.The radius of wheel 2 is twice the radius of wheel 1.The angular velocity of wheel 2 is:
A)twice the angular velocity of wheel 1
B)the same as the angular velocity of wheel 1
C)half the angular velocity of wheel 1
D)more than twice the angular velocity of wheel 1
E)less than half the angular velocity of wheel 1

Free

Multiple Choice

C

Q 4Q 4

A thin-walled hollow tube rolls without sliding along the floor.The ratio of its translational kinetic energy to its rotational kinetic energy (about an axis through its center of mass)is:
A)1
B)2
C)3
D)1/2
E)1/3

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

A forward force acting on the axle accelerates a rolling wheel on a horizontal surface.If the wheel does not slide the frictional force of the surface on the wheel is:
A)zero
B)in the forward direction and does zero work on the wheel
C)in the forward direction and does positive work on the wheel
D)in the backward direction and does zero work on the wheel
E)in the backward direction and does positive work on the wheel

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

When the speed of a rear-drive car is increasing on a horizontal road the direction of the frictional force on the tires is:
A)forward for all tires
B)backward for all tires
C)forward for the front tires and backward for the rear tires
D)backward for the front tires and forward for the rear tires
E)zero

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

A solid sphere and a solid cylinder of equal mass and radius are simultaneously released from rest on the same inclined plane sliding down the incline.Then:
A)the sphere reaches the bottom first because it has the greater inertia
B)the cylinder reaches the bottom first because it picks up more rotational energy
C)the sphere reaches the bottom first because it picks up more rotational energy
D)they reach the bottom together
E)none of the above is true

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

A hoop rolls with constant velocity and without sliding along level ground.Its rotational kinetic energy is:
A)half its translational kinetic energy
B)the same as its translational kinetic energy
C)twice its translational kinetic energy
D)four times its translational kinetic energy
E)one-third its translational kinetic energy

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

When we apply the energy conversation principle to a cylinder rolling down an incline without sliding, we exclude the work done by friction because:
A)there is no friction present
B)the angular velocity of the center of mass about the point of contact is zero
C)the coefficient of kinetic friction is zero
D)the linear velocity of the point of contact (relative to the inclined surface)is zero
E)the coefficient of static and kinetic friction are equal

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

Two uniform cylinders have different masses and different rotational inertias.They simultaneously start from rest at the top of an inclined plane and roll without sliding down the plane.The cylinder that gets to the bottom first is:
A)the one with the larger mass
B)the one with the smaller mass
C)the one with the larger rotational inertia
D)the one with the smaller rotational inertia
E)neither (they arrive together)

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

A 5.0-kg ball rolls without sliding from rest down an inclined plane.A 4.0-kg block, mounted on roller bearings totaling 100 g, rolls from rest down the same plane.At the bottom, the block has:
A)greater speed than the ball
B)less speed than the ball
C)the same speed as the ball
D)greater or less speed than the ball, depending on the angle of inclination
E)greater or less speed than the ball, depending on the radius of the ball

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

A hoop (I = MR

^{2})of mass 2.0 kg and radius 0.50 m is rolling at a center-of-mass speed of 15 m/s.An external force does 750 J of work on the hoop.What is the new speed of the center of mass of the hoop? A)19 m/s B)22 m/s C)24 m/s D)27 m/s E)68 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

A hoop, a uniform disk, and a uniform sphere, all with the same mass and outer radius, start with the same speed and roll without sliding up identical inclines.Rank the objects according to how high they go, least to greatest.
A)hoop, disk, sphere
B)disk, hoop, sphere
C)sphere, hoop, disk
D)sphere, disk, hoop
E)hoop, sphere, disk

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

Two identical disks, with rotational inertia I (= 1/2 MR

^{2}), roll without slipping across a horizontal floor and then up inclines.Disk A rolls up its incline without sliding.On the other hand, disk B rolls up a frictionless incline.Otherwise the inclines are identical.Disk A reaches a height 12 cm above the floor before rolling down again.Disk B reaches a height above the floor of: A)24 cm B)18 cm C)12 cm D)8 cm E)6 cmFree

Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

A cylinder of radius R = 6.0 cm is on a rough horizontal surface.The coefficient of kinetic friction between the cylinder and the surface is 0.30 and the rotational inertia for rotation about the axis is given by MR

^{2}/2, where M is its mass.Initially it is not rotating but its center of mass has a speed of 7.0 m/s.After 2.0 s the speed of its center of mass and its angular velocity about its center of mass, respectively, are: A)1.1 m/s, 0 B)1.1 m/s, 19 rad/s C)1.1 m/s, 98 rad/s D)4.7 m/s, 78 rad/s E)5.9 m/s, 98 rad/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

A solid wheel with mass M, radius R, and rotational inertia MR

^{2}/2, rolls without sliding on a horizontal surface.A horizontal force F is applied to the axle and the center of mass has an acceleration a.The magnitudes of the applied force F and the frictional force f of the surface, respectively, are: A)F = Ma, f = 0 B)F = Ma, f = Ma/2 C)F = 2Ma, f = Ma D)F = 2Ma, f = Ma/2 E)F = 3Ma/2, f = Ma/2Free

Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

The coefficient of static friction between a certain cylinder and a horizontal floor is 0.40.If the rotational inertia of the cylinder about its symmetry axis is given by I = (1/2)MR

^{2}, then the maximum acceleration the cylinder can have without sliding is: A)0.1 g B)0.2 g C)0.4 g D)0.8 g E)1.0 gFree

Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

A solid sphere starts from rest and rolls down a slope that is 5.1 m long.If its speed at the bottom of the slope is 4.3 m/s, what is the angle of the slope?
A)10°
B)15°
C)20°
D)30°
E)cannot be calculated without knowing the mass and radius of the sphere

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

A yo-yo, arranged as shown, rests on a frictionless surface.When a force is applied to the string as shown, the yo-yo:
A)moves to the left and rotates counterclockwise
B)moves to the right and rotates counterclockwise
C)moves to the left and rotates clockwise
D)moves to the right and rotates clockwise
E)moves to the right and does not rotate

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

Which of the following is a vector quantity?
A)angular speed
B)rotational inertia
C)rotational kinetic energy
D)mass
E)torque

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

A particle moves along the x axis.In order to calculate the torque on the particle, you need to know:
A)the velocity of the particle
B)the rotational inertia of the particle
C)the point about which the torque is to be calculated
D)the kinetic energy of the particle
E)the mass of the particle

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

A particle is located on the x axis at x = 2.0 m from the origin.A force of 25 N, directed 30° above the x axis in the x-y plane, acts on the particle.What is the torque about the origin on the particle?
A)50 N∙m, in the positive z direction
B)25 N∙m, in the positive z direction
C)50 N∙m, in the negative z direction
D)25 N∙m, in the negative z direction
E)There is no torque about the origin.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

A force = 4.2 N + 3.7 N + 1.2 N acts on a particle located at x = 3.3 m.What is the torque on the particle around the origin?
A)14 N∙m
B)-4.0 N∙m + 12 N∙m
C)12 N∙m
D)14 N∙m - 4.0 N∙m + 12 N∙m
E)cannot be calculated without knowing the mass of the particle

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

A single force acts on a particle situated on the positive x axis.The torque about the origin is in the negative z direction.The force might be:
A)in the positive y direction
B)in the negative y direction
C)in the positive x direction
D)in the negative x direction
E)in the positive z direction

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

The fundamental dimensions of angular momentum are:
A)mass·length·time

^{-1}B)mass·length^{-2}·time^{-2}C)mass^{2}·time^{-1}D)mass·length^{2}·time^{-2}E)none of theseFree

Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

Possible units of angular momentum are:
A)kgm/s
B)kgm

^{2}/s^{2}C)kgm/s^{2}D)kgm^{2}/s E)none of theseFree

Multiple Choice

Q 27Q 27

The unit kgm

^{2}/s can be used for: A)angular momentum B)rotational kinetic energy C)rotational inertia D)torque E)powerFree

Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

The newtonsecond is a unit of:
A)work
B)angular momentum
C)power
D)linear momentum
E)none of these

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

A 2.0-kg block travels around a 0.50-m radius circle with an angular velocity of 12 rad/s.The magnitude of its angular momentum about the center of the circle is:
A)6.0 kg∙m

^{2}/s B)12 kg∙m^{2}/s C)48 kg∙m^{2}/s D)72 kg∙m^{2}/s E)576 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

Which of the following is NOT a vector?
A)linear momentum
B)angular momentum
C)rotational inertia
D)torque
E)angular velocity

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

A particle moves along the x axis.In order to calculate the angular momentum of the particle, you need to know:
A)the size of the particle
B)the rotational inertia of the particle
C)the point about which the angular momentum is to be calculated
D)the kinetic energy of the particle
E)the acceleration of the particle

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

The angular momentum vector of Earth, due to its daily rotation, is directed:
A)tangent to the equator toward the east
B)tangent to the equator toward the west
C)north
D)south
E)toward the sun

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

A 6.0-kg particle moves to the right at 4.0 m/s as shown.The magnitude of its angular momentum about the point O is:
A)0 kg∙m

^{2}/s B)288 kg∙m^{2}/s C)144 kg∙m^{2}/s D)24 kg∙m^{2}/s E)249 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 34Q 34

A 2.0-kg block starts from rest on the positive x axis 3.0 m from the origin and thereafter has an acceleration given by in m/s

^{2}.At the end of 2.0 s its angular momentum about the origin is: A)0 kg∙m^{2}/s B)(-36 kg∙m^{2}/s) C)(+48 kg∙m^{2}/s) D)(-96 kg∙m^{2}/s) E)(+96 kg∙m^{2}/s)Free

Multiple Choice

Q 35Q 35

Two objects are moving in the x, y plane as shown.The magnitude of their total angular momentum (about the origin O)is:
A)0 kg∙m

^{2}/s B)6 kg∙m^{2}/s C)12 kg∙m^{2}/s D)30 kg∙m^{2}/s E)78 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

A 15-g paper clip is attached to the rim of a phonograph record with a diameter of 30 cm, spinning at 3.5 rad/s.The magnitude of its angular momentum is:
A)1.2 10

^{-3}kg∙m^{2}/s B)4.7 10^{-3}kg∙m^{2}/s C)7.9 10^{-}^{3}kg∙m^{2}/s D)1.6 10^{-}^{2}kg∙m^{2}/s E)1.2 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

As a 2.0-kg block travels around a 0.50-m radius circle it has an angular speed of 12 rad/s.The circle is parallel to the xy plane and is centered on the z axis, 0.75 m from the origin.The magnitude of its angular momentum around the origin is:
A)6.0 kg∙m

^{2}/s B)9.0 kg∙m^{2}/s C)11 kg∙m^{2}/s D)14 kg∙m^{2}/s E)20 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

A 2.0-kg block travels around a 0.50-m radius circle with an angular speed of 12 rad/s.The circle is parallel to the xy plane and is centered on the z axis, a distance of 0.75 m from the origin.The z component of the angular momentum around the origin is:
A)6.0 kg∙m

^{2}/s B)9.0 kg∙m^{2}/s C)11 kg∙m^{2}/s D)14 kg∙m^{2}/s E)20 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

A 2.0-kg block travels around a 0.50-m radius circle with an angular speed of 12 rad/s.The circle is parallel to the xy plane and is centered on the z axis, 0.75 m from the origin.The component in the xy plane of the angular momentum around the origin has magnitude:
A)0 kg∙m

^{2}/s B)6.0 kg∙m^{2}/s C)9.0 kg∙m^{2}/s D)11 kg∙m^{2}/s E)14 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

A 2.0-kg block starts from rest on the positive x axis 3.0 m from the origin and thereafter has an acceleration given by in m/s

^{2}.The torque, relative to the origin, acting on it at the end of 2.0 s is: A)0 N∙m B)(-18 N∙m) C)(+24 N∙m) D)(-144 N∙m) E)(+144 N∙m)Free

Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

A uniform disk, a thin hoop, and a uniform sphere, all with the same mass and same outer radius, are each free to rotate about a fixed axis through its center.Assume the hoop is connected to the rotation axis by light spokes.With the objects starting from rest, identical forces are simultaneously applied to the rims, as shown.Rank the objects according to their angular momenta after a given time t, least to greatest.
A)all tie
B)disk, hoop, sphere
C)sphere, disk, hoop
D)hoop, sphere, disk
E)hoop, disk, sphere

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 42Q 42

A rod rests on frictionless ice.Forces that are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction are simultaneously applied to its ends as shown.The quantity that has a magnitude of zero is its:
A)angular momentum
B)angular acceleration
C)total linear momentum
D)kinetic energy
E)rotational inertia

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 43Q 43

A 2.0-kg stone is tied to a 0.50-m long string and swung around a circle at a constant angular velocity of 12 rad/s.The net torque on the stone about the center of the circle is:
A)0 N∙m
B)6.0 N∙m
C)12 N∙m
D)72 N∙m
E)140 N∙m

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 44Q 44

A 2.0-kg stone is tied to a 0.50 m long string and swung around a circle at a constant angular velocity of 12 rad/s.The circle is parallel to the xy plane and is centered on the z axis, 0.75 m from the origin.The magnitude of the torque about the origin is:
A)0 N∙m
B)6.0 N∙m
C)14 N∙m
D)72 N∙m
E)108 N∙m

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 45Q 45

A single force acts on a particle P.Rank each of the orientations of the force shown below according to the magnitude of the time rate of change of the particle's angular momentum about the point O, least to greatest.
A)1, 2, 3, 4
B)1 and 2 tie, then 3, then 4
C)1 and 2 tie, then 4, then 3
D)1 and 2 tie, then 3 and 4 tie
E)All are the same

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 46Q 46

Two objects are moving in the x, y plane as shown.If a net torque of 44 N∙m acts on them for 5.0 seconds, what is the change in their angular momentum?
A)0 kg∙m

^{2}/s B)6 kg∙m^{2}/s C)30 kg∙m^{2}/s D)150 kg∙m^{2}/s E)220 kg∙m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 47Q 47

A pulley with radius R is free to rotate on a horizontal fixed axis through its center.A string passes over the pulley.Mass m

_{1}is attached to one end and mass m_{2}is attached to the other.The portion of the string attached to m_{1}has tension T_{1}and the portion attached to m_{2}has tension T_{2}.The magnitude of the total external torque, about the pulley center, acting on the masses and pulley, considered as a system, is given by: A)m_{1}- m_{2}gR B)(m_{1}+ m_{2})gR C)m_{1}- m_{2}gR + (T_{1}+ T_{2})R D)(m_{1}+ m_{2})gR + (T_{1}- T_{2})R E)m_{1}- m_{2}gR + (T_{1}- T_{2})RFree

Multiple Choice

Q 48Q 48

A uniform disk has radius R and mass M.When it is spinning with angular velocity about an axis through its center and perpendicular to its face its angular momentum is I.When it is spinning with the same angle velocity about a parallel axis a distance h away its angular momentum is:
A)I
B)(I + Mh

^{2}) C)(I - Mh^{2}) D)(I + MR^{2}) E)(I - MR^{2})Free

Multiple Choice

Q 49Q 49

A pulley with radius R and rotational inertia I is free to rotate on a horizontal fixed axis through its center.A string passes over the pulley.A block of mass m

_{1 }is attached to one end and a block of mass m_{2}_{,}is attached to the other.At one time the block with mass m_{1}is moving downward with speed v.If the string does not slip on the pulley, the magnitude of the total angular momentum, about the pulley center, of the blocks and pulley, considered as a system, is given by: A)(m_{1}- m_{2})vR + Iv/R B)(m_{1}+ m_{2})vR + Iv/R C)(m_{1}- m_{2})vR - Iv/R D)(m_{1}+ m_{2})vR - Iv/R E)none of the aboveFree

Multiple Choice

Q 50Q 50

An ice skater with rotational inertia I

_{0}is spinning with angular speed _{0}.She pulls her arms in, thereby increasing her angular speed to 4_{0}.Her rotational inertia is then: A)I_{0}B)I_{0 }/2 C)2 I_{0}D)I_{0 }/4 E)4 I_{0}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 51Q 51

A man, with his arms at his sides, is spinning on a light frictionless turntable.When he extends his arms:
A)his angular velocity increases
B)his angular velocity remains the same
C)his rotational inertia decreases
D)his rotational kinetic energy increases
E)his angular momentum remains the same

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 52Q 52

A man, holding a weight in each hand, stands at the center of a horizontal frictionless rotating turntable.The effect of the weights is to double the rotational inertia of the system.As he is rotating, the man opens his hands and drops the two weights.They fall outside the turntable.Then:
A)his angular velocity doubles
B)his angular velocity remains about the same
C)his angular velocity is halved
D)the direction of his angular momentum vector changes
E)his rotational kinetic energy increases

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 53Q 53

A uniform sphere of radius R rotates about a diameter with angular momentum of magnitude L.Under the action of internal forces the sphere collapses to a uniform sphere of radius R/2.The magnitude of its new angular momentum is:
A)L/4
B)L/2
C)L
D)2L
E)4L

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 54Q 54

When a man on a frictionless rotating stool extends his arms horizontally, his rotational kinetic energy:
A)must increase
B)must decrease
C)must remain the same
D)may increase or decrease depending on his initial angular velocity
E)may increase or decrease depending on his angular acceleration

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 55Q 55

When a woman on a frictionless rotating turntable extends her arms out horizontally, her angular momentum:
A)must increase
B)must decrease
C)must remain the same
D)may increase or decrease depending on her initial angular velocity
E)tilts away from the vertical

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 56Q 56

A wheel, with rotational inertia I, mounted on a vertical shaft with negligible rotational inertia, is rotating with angular speed

_{0.}A nonrotating wheel with rotational inertia 2I is suddenly dropped onto the same shaft as shown.The resultant combination of the two wheels and shaft will rotate at: A)_{0 }/2 B)2_{0}C)_{0}/3 D)3_{0}E)_{0 }/4Free

Multiple Choice

Q 57Q 57

A phonograph record is dropped onto a freely spinning turntable.Then:
A)neither angular momentum nor mechanical energy is conserved because of the frictional forces between record and turntable
B)the frictional force between record and turntable increases the total angular momentum
C)the frictional force between record and turntable decreases the total angular momentum
D)the total angular momentum remains constant
E)the sum of the angular momentum and rotational kinetic energy remains constant

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 58Q 58

A playground merry-go-round has a radius R and a rotational inertia I.When the merry-go-round is at rest, a child with mass m runs with speed v along a line tangent to the rim and jumps on.The angular velocity of the merry-go-round is then:
A)mv/I
B)v/R
C)mRv/I
D)2mRv/I
E)mRv/(mR

^{2}+ I)Free

Multiple Choice

Q 59Q 59

A playground merry-go-round has a radius of 3.0 m and a rotational inertia of 600 kg∙m

^{2}.It is initially spinning at 0.80 rad/s when a 20-kg child crawls from the center to the rim.When the child reaches the rim the angular velocity of the merry-go-round is: A)0.62 rad/s B)0.73 rad/s C)0.77 rad/s D)0.91 rad/s E)1.1 rad/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 60Q 60

Two pendulum bobs of unequal mass are suspended from the same fixed point by strings of equal length.The lighter bob is drawn aside and then released so that it collides with the other bob on reaching the vertical position.The collision is elastic.What quantities are conserved in the collision?
A)Both kinetic energy and angular momentum of the system
B)Only kinetic energy
C)Only angular momentum
D)Angular speed of lighter bob
E)None of the above

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 61Q 61

A particle, held by a string whose other end is attached to a fixed point C, moves in a circle on a horizontal frictionless surface.If the string is cut, the angular momentum of the particle about the point C:
A)increases
B)decreases
C)does not change
D)changes direction but not magnitude
E)none of these

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 62Q 62

A block with mass M, on the end of a string, moves in a circle on a horizontal frictionless table as shown.As the string is slowly pulled through a small hole in the table:
A)the angular momentum of M remains constant
B)the angular momentum of M decreases
C)the kinetic energy of M remains constant
D)the kinetic energy of M decreases
E)none of the above

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 63Q 63

What is precession?
A)Precession is the action of a solid rolling up a slope, prior to rolling back down again.
B)Precession is the increase in economic activity before a recession.
C)Precession is the rotation of a solid around a fixed axis.
D)Precession is the rotation of an angular momentum vector around a vertical axis.
E)Precession is the oscillatory motion of an angular momentum vector as it rotates around a vertical axis.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 64Q 64

A simple gyroscope consists of a wheel (M = 2.0 kg, R = 0.75 m, I = 1.1 kg∙m

^{2})rotating on a horizontal shaft.If the shaft is balanced on a pivot 0.50 m from the wheel, and the wheel rotates at 500 rev/min, what is the precession frequency of the wheel? A)1.8 x 10^{-2}rad/s B)2.7 x 10^{-2}rad/s C)0.17 rad/s D)0.26 rad/s E)0.50 rad/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 65Q 65

A simple gyroscope consists of a wheel (R = 0.75 m, I = 0.9 MR

^{2})rotating on a horizontal shaft.If the shaft is balanced on a pivot 0.50 m from the wheel, and the wheel rotates at 500 rev/min, what is the precession frequency of the wheel? A)1.9 x 10^{-2}rad/s B)2.9 x 10^{-2}rad/s C)0.19 rad/s D)0.28 rad/s E)cannot be calculated without knowing the mass of the wheelFree

Multiple Choice