# Quiz 3: Describing Data: Numerical Measures

Statistics

71

All Questions

55

Multiple Choice

16

True False

0

Essay

0

Short Answer

0

Not Answered

Q 1

A value that is typical or representative of the data is referred to as a measure of central location.

Free

True False

True

Q 2

The arithmetic mean is the sum of the quantitative observations divided by the total number of observations.

Free

True False

True

Q 3

For a set of data arranged or sorted in numerical order,the value of the observation in the center is called the weighted mean.

Free

True False

False

Q 4

A set of ordinal-,interval-,or ratio-level data may have only one mode.

True False

Q 5

The mode is the value of the observation that appears most frequently.

True False

Q 6

Extremely high or low scores affect the value of the median.

True False

Q 7

The sum of the deviations from the mean for the set of numbers 4,9,and 5 will equal zero.

True False

Q 8

In a sample of 10 people,3 persons earn $8 an hour,6 earn $9 an hour,and 1 earns $12 an hour. The weighted mean hourly wage is $9.

True False

Q 9

For any distribution,there is an equal number of values above and below the mean.

True False

Q 10

Variation describes the degree of dispersion in the data.

True False

Q 11

The variance is the mean of the sum of the squared deviations between each observation and the median.

True False

Q 12

The standard deviation is the positive square root of the variance.

True False

Q 13

For any data set,Chebyshev's theorem estimates the proportion of observations that occurs within k standard deviations of the mean,where k is greater than 1.0.

True False

Q 14

In a company,the standard deviation of the ages of female employees is 6 years and the standard deviation of the ages of male employees is 10 years. These statistics indicate that the dispersion of age is greater for females than for males.

True False

Q 15

According to the Empirical rule,about 95% of the observations lie within plus and minus 2.00 standard deviations.

True False

Q 16

The geometric mean is the n

^{th}root of the product of n observations. True False

Q 17

The sum of the deviations of each data value from this measure of central location will always be zero.
A)Mode
B)Mean
C)Median
D)Standard deviation

Multiple Choice

Q 18

For any data set,which measures of central location have only one value?
A)Mode and median
B)Mode and mean
C)Mode and standard deviation
D)Mean and median

Multiple Choice

Q 19

Which measures of central location are not affected by extremely small or extremely large values?
A)Mean and median
B)Mean and mode
C)Mode and median
D)Standard deviation and mean

Multiple Choice

Q 20

What is the relationship among the mean,median,and mode in a symmetric distribution?
A)They are all equal.
B)The mean is always the smallest value.
C)The mean is always the largest value.
D)The mode is the largest value.

Multiple Choice

Q 21

For a data set,half of the observations are always greater than the ________.
A)median
B)mode
C)mean
D)standard deviation

Multiple Choice

Q 22

What is the lowest level of measurement to which a median can be computed?
A)Nominal
B)Ordinal
C)Interval
D)Ratio

Multiple Choice

Q 23

For a data set with an odd number of observations that have been sorted from smallest to largest values,where is the median located?
A)n
B)n/2
C)(n + 1)/2
D)n + 1/2

Multiple Choice

Q 24

Which one of the following is referred to as the population mean?
A)µ
B)s
C)σ
D)χ

Multiple Choice

Q 25

On a finance exam,15 accounting majors had an average grade of 90. On the same exam,7 marketing majors averaged 85,and 10 finance majors averaged 93. What is the weighted mean for all 32 students taking the exam?
A)89.84
B)89.33
C)89.48
D)10.67

Multiple Choice

Q 26

A survey item asked students to indicate their class in college: freshman,sophomore,junior,or senior. Which measure(s)of central location would be appropriate for the data generated by that questionnaire item?
A)Mean and median
B)Mean and mode
C)Mode and median
D)Mode only

Multiple Choice

Q 27

What is the median of 26,30,24,32,32,31,27,and 29?
A)32
B)29
C)30
D)29.5

Multiple Choice

Q 28

The net incomes (in $millions)of a sample of steel fabricators are $86,$67,$86,and $85. What is the modal net income?
A)$67
B)$85
C)$85.5
D)$86

Multiple Choice

Q 29

A stockbroker placed the following order for a customer: • 50 shares of Kaiser Aluminum at $104 a share
• 100 shares of GTE at $25.25 a share
• 20 shares of Boston Edison at $9.125 a share
What is the weighted arithmetic mean price per share?
A)$25.25
B)$79.75
C)$103.50
D)$46.51

Multiple Choice

Q 30

During the past six months,a purchasing agent placed the following three orders for coal: What is the weighted arithmetic mean price per ton?
A)$87.25
B)$72.33
C)$68.47
D)$89.18

Multiple Choice

Q 31

A sample of single persons receiving Social Security payments revealed these monthly benefits: $826,$699,$1,087,$880,$839,and $965. How many observations are below the median?
A)1
B)2
C)3
D)3.5

Multiple Choice

Q 32

Over the last six months,the following numbers of absences have been reported: 6,0,10,14,8,and 0. What is the median number of monthly absences?
A)6
B)7
C)8
D)3

Multiple Choice

Q 33

Assume a student received the following grades for the semester: History,B; Statistics,A; Spanish,C; and English,C. History and English are 5 credit-hour courses,Statistics a 4 credit-hour course,and Spanish is a 3 credit-hour course. If 4 grade points are assigned for an A,3 for a B,and 2 for a C,what is the weighted mean grade for the semester?
A)4.00
B)1.96
C)2.76
D)3.01

Multiple Choice

Q 34

A sample of the paramedical fees charged by clinics revealed these amounts: $55,$49,$50,$45,$52,and $55. What is the median charge?
A)$47.50
B)$51.00
C)$52.00
D)$55.00

Multiple Choice

Q 35

The times (in minutes)that several underwriters took to review applications for similar insurance coverage are 50,230,52,and 57. What is the median length of time required to review an application?
A)54.5
B)141.0
C)97.25
D)109.0

Multiple Choice

Q 36

A bottling company offers three kinds of delivery service: instant,same day,and within five days. The profit per delivery varies according to the kind of delivery. The profit for an instant delivery is less than the other kinds because the driver has to go directly to a grocery store with a small load and return to the bottling plant. To find out what effect each type of delivery has on the profit picture,the company summarized the data in the following table based on deliveries for the previous quarter. What is the weighted mean profit per delivery?
A)$72
B)$110
C)$142
D)$97

Multiple Choice

Q 37

For the most recent seven years,the U.S. Department of Education reported the following number of bachelor's degrees awarded in computer science: 4,033; 5,652; 6,407; 7,201; 8,719; 11,154; 15,121. What is the annual arithmetic mean number of degrees awarded?
A)About 12,240
B)About 8,327
C)About 6,217
D)About 15,962

Multiple Choice

Q 38

A question in a market survey asks for a respondent's favorite car color. Which measure of central location should be used to summarize this question?
A)Mode
B)Median
C)Mean
D)Standard deviation

Multiple Choice

Q 39

Sometimes,a data set has two values that have the highest and equal frequencies. In this case,the distribution of the data can best be described as ________.
A)symmetric
B)bimodal (having two modes)
C)positively skewed
D)negatively skewed

Multiple Choice

Q 40

A disadvantage of using an arithmetic mean to summarize a set of data is that ________.
A)the arithmetic mean sometimes has two values
B)it can be used for interval and ratio data
C)it is always different from the median
D)it can be biased by one or two extremely small or large values

Multiple Choice

Q 41

The mean,as a measure of central location,would be inappropriate for which one of the following?
A)Ages of adults at a senior citizen center
B)Incomes of lawyers
C)Number of pages in textbooks on statistics
D)Marital status of college students at a particular university

Multiple Choice

Q 42

What is a disadvantage of the range as a measure of dispersion?
A)It is based on only two observations.
B)It can be distorted by a large mean.
C)It is not in the same units as the original data.
D)It has no disadvantage.

Multiple Choice

Q 43

A purchasing agent for a trucking company is shopping for replacement tires for their trucks from two suppliers. The suppliers' prices are the same. However,Supplier A's tires have an average life of 60,000 miles with a standard deviation of 10,000 miles. Supplier B's tires have an average life of 60,000 miles with a standard deviation of 2,000 miles. Which of the following statements is true?
A)The two distributions of tire life are the same.
B)On average,Supplier A's tires have a longer life than Supplier B's tires.
C)The life of Supplier B's tire is more predictable than the life of Supplier A's tires.
D)The dispersion of Supplier A's tire life is less than the dispersion of Supplier B's tire life.

Multiple Choice

Q 44

The sum of the differences between sample observations and the sample mean is equal to ________.
A)zero
B)the mean deviation
C)the range
D)the standard deviation

Multiple Choice

Q 45

If the variance of the "number of daily parking tickets" issued is 100,the standard deviation is defined as the ________.
A)"number of daily parking tickets"
B)"number of daily parking tickets" squared
C)absolute value of the variance of the "number of daily parking tickets"
D)square root of the variance of the "number of daily parking tickets"

Multiple Choice

Q 46

What is the relationship between the variance and the standard deviation?
A)Variance is the square root of the standard deviation.
B)Variance is the square of the standard deviation.
C)Variance is twice the standard deviation.
D)There is no constant relationship between the variance and the standard deviation.

Multiple Choice

Q 47

According to Chebyshev's theorem,at least what percent of the observations lie within plus and minus 1.75 standard deviations of the mean?
A)56%
B)95%
C)67%
D)100%

Multiple Choice

Q 48

For a sample of similar-sized all-electric homes,the March electric bills were (to the nearest dollar): $212,$191,$176,$129,$106,$92,$108,$109,$103,$121,$175,and $194. What is the range?
A)$100
B)$130
C)$120
D)$112

Multiple Choice

Q 49

The following are the weekly amounts of welfare payments made by the federal government to a sample of six families: $139,$136,$130,$136,$147,and $136. What is the range?
A)$0
B)$14
C)$52
D)$17

Multiple Choice

Q 50

For the past week,a company's common stock closed with the following prices: $61.5,$62,$61.25,$60.875,and $61.5. What was the price range?
A)$1.250
B)$1.750
C)$1.125
D)$1.875

Multiple Choice

Q 51

The monthly amounts spent for food by families of four receiving food stamps approximates a symmetrical,normal distribution. The sample mean is $150 and the standard deviation is $20. Using the Empirical rule,about 95% of the monthly food expenditures are between what two amounts?
A)$100 and $200
B)$85 and $105
C)$205 and $220
D)$110 and $190

Multiple Choice

Q 52

The ages of all the patients in the isolation ward of the hospital are 38,26,13,41,and 22. What is the population variance?
A)106.8
B)91.4
C)240.3
D)42.4

Multiple Choice

Q 53

A sample of assistant professors on the business faculty at state-supported institutions in Ohio revealed the mean income to be $72,000 for nine months,with a standard deviation of $3,000. Using Chebyshev's theorem,what proportion of the faculty earns more than $66,000,but less than $78,000?
A)At least 50%
B)At least 25%
C)At least 75%
D)At least 100%

Multiple Choice

Q 54

A population consists of all the weights of all defensive tackles on a university's football team. They are Johnson,204 pounds; Patrick,215 pounds; Junior,207 pounds; Kendron,212 pounds; Nicko,214 pounds; and Cochran,208 pounds. What is the population standard deviation (in pounds)?
A)About 4
B)About 16
C)About 100
D)About 40

Multiple Choice

Q 55

A sample of small bottles and their contents has the following weights (in grams): 4,2,5,4,5,2,and 6. What is the sample variance of bottle weight?
A)6.92
B)4.80
C)1.96
D)2.33

Multiple Choice

Q 56

The distribution of a sample of the outside diameters of PVC pipes approximates a symmetrical,bell-shaped distribution. The arithmetic mean is 14.0 inches,and the standard deviation is 0.1 inches. About 68% of the outside diameters lie between what two amounts?
A)13.5 and 14.5 inches
B)13.0 and 15.0 inches
C)13.9 and 14.1 inches
D)13.8 and 14.2 inches

Multiple Choice

Q 57

The sample variance of hourly wages was 10. What is the sample standard deviation?
A)$1.96
B)$4.67
C)$3.16
D)$10.00

Multiple Choice

Q 58

Based on the Empirical rule,what percent of the observations will lie between plus or minus two standard deviations from the mean?
A)95%
B)5%
C)68%
D)2.5%

Multiple Choice

Q 59

A sample of wires coming off the production line was tested for tensile strength. The statistical results (in PSI)were the following: According to the Empirical rule,the middle 95% of the wires tested had a tensile strength between approximately what two values?
A)450 and 550
B)460 and 540
C)420 and 580
D)380 and 620

Multiple Choice

Q 60

In the calculation of the arithmetic mean for grouped data,which value is used to represent all the values in a particular class?
A)The upper limit of the class
B)The lower limit of the class
C)The frequency of the class
D)The cumulative frequency preceding the class
E)The class midpoint

Multiple Choice

Q 61

The net annual sales of a sample of small retail clothing stores were organized into the following relative frequency distribution. What is the mean net sales (in $ millions)?
A)$7.09
B)$10.09
C)$8.59
D)Mean cannot be computed.

Multiple Choice

Q 62

Each person who applies for an assembly job at Robert's Electronics is given a mechanical aptitude test. One part of the test involves assembling a plug-in unit based on numbered instructions. A sample of the length of time it took 42 persons to assemble the unit was organized into the following frequency distribution. What is the standard deviation (in minutes)?
A)3.89
B)6.01
C)8.78
D)17.00

Multiple Choice

Q 63

Consider two populations with the same mean. Since they have the same mean,then
A)their standard deviations must also be the same.
B)their medians must also be the same.
C)their modes must also be the same.
D)none of these is correct.

Multiple Choice

Q 64

The sample mean
A)is always equal to the population mean.
B)is always smaller than the population mean.
C)is found by adding the data values and dividing them by (n − 1).
D)is found by adding all data values and dividing them by n.

Multiple Choice

Q 65

Which measure of central location is used to determine an average annual percent increase?
A)Arithmetic mean
B)Weighted mean
C)Mode
D)Geometric mean

Multiple Choice

Q 66

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration reported that passenger revenues on international flights increased from $528 million in 1986 to $5,100 million in 2009. What is the geometric mean annual percent increase in international passenger revenues?
A)10.4
B)27.9
C)103.6
D)9.96

Multiple Choice

Q 67

The Investment Research Institute reported in its Mutual Fund Fact Book that the number of mutual funds increased from 5,725 in 1999 to 7,977 in 2009. What is the geometric mean annual percent increase in the number of funds?
A)1.034
B)3.37
C)39.34
D)71.11
E)633.5

Multiple Choice

Q 68

Production of passenger cars in Japan increased from 3.94 million in 1999 to 6.74 million in 2009. What is the geometric mean annual percent increase?
A)4.0
B)1.9
C)5.5
D)16.6
E)47.3

Multiple Choice

Q 69

The number of students at a local university increased from 2,500 students to 5,000 students in 10 years. Based on a geometric mean,the university grew at an average percentage rate of
A)2,500 students per year.
B)1.072 percent per year.
C)7.2 percent per year.
D)250 students per year.

Multiple Choice

Q 70

The variance of a sample of 121 observations equals 441. The standard deviation of the sample equals
A)11.
B)21.
C)1.91.
D)231.

Multiple Choice

Q 71

When computing the arithmetic mean,the smallest value in the data set
A)can never be negative.
B)can never be zero.
C)can never be less than the mean.
D)can be any value.

Multiple Choice