# Quiz 3: Vectors and Two-Dimensional Motion

Physics & Astronomy

Q 1Q 1

Which type of quantity is characterized by both magnitude and direction?
A)scalar
B)vector
C)trigonometric
D)algebraic variable

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B

Q 2Q 2

Which of the following is an example of a vector quantity?
A)velocity
B)temperature
C)volume
D)mass

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A

Q 3Q 3

When we subtract a velocity vector from another velocity vector, the result is:
A)another velocity.
B)an acceleration.
C)a displacement.
D)a scalar.

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A

Q 4Q 4

When we add a displacement vector to another displacement vector, the result is:
A)a velocity.
B)an acceleration.
C)another displacement.
D)a scalar.

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Q 5Q 5

A student adds two vectors with magnitudes of 200 and 40.Which one of the following is the only possible choice for the magnitude of the resultant?
A)100
B)200
C)260
D)40

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Q 6Q 6

Vector points north and vector points east.If = - , then vector points:
A)north of east.
B)south of east.
C)north of west.
D)south of west.

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Q 7Q 7

The first displacement is 6 m and the second displacement is 3 m.They cannot add together to give a total displacement of:
A)2 m.
B)3 m.
C)6 m.
D)9 m.

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Q 8Q 8

Vector is 3 m long and vector is 4 m long.The length of the sum of the vectors must be:
A)5 m.
B)7 m.
C)12 m.
D)some value from 1 m to 7 m.

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Q 9Q 9

When three vectors are added graphically and form a closed triangle, the largest enclosed angle between any two of the vectors cannot be greater than:
A)60.
B)90.
C)180.
D)No maximum exists.

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Q 10Q 10

A runner circles a track of radius 100 m one time in 100 s at a constant rate.The greatest change in his velocity from his starting velocity:
A)occurs one-fourth of the way around the track.
B)occurs one-half of the way around the track.
C)occurs three-fourths of the way around the track.
D)Both a and c are correct.

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Q 11Q 11

An object, initially moving in the negative x-direction, is subjected to a change in velocity in the positive y-direction.If the resulting velocity vector is drawn from the origin, into which quadrant does this vector point?
A)1

^{st}B)2^{nd}C)3^{rd}D)None, since the object is now moving in the y-direction.Free

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Q 12Q 12

A car is initially moving at 20 m/s east and a little while later it is moving at 10 m/s north.Which of the following best describes the orientation of the average acceleration during this time interval?
A)northeast
B)northwest
C)west
D)north of west

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Q 13Q 13

A hiker walks 200 m west and then walks 100 m north.In what direction is her resulting displacement?
A)north
B)west
C)northwest
D)None of the answers is correct.

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Q 14Q 14

An object moves at a constant velocity of 11 m/s to the southwest for an interval of 20 s.Halfway through this interval, what is the magnitude of its instantaneous velocity?
A)It can be any value from 0 to 22 m/s.
B)11 m/s
C)5.5 m/s
D)More information is needed.

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Q 15Q 15

In a 2-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system the x-component of a given vector is equal to that vector's magnitude multiplied by which trigonometric function, with respect to the angle between vector and x-axis?
A)sine
B)cosine
C)tangent
D)cotangent

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Q 16Q 16

In a 2-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system the y-component of a given vector is equal to that vector's magnitude multiplied by which trigonometric function, with respect to the angle between vector and y-axis?
A)sine
B)cosine
C)tangent
D)cotangent

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Q 17Q 17

In a 2-dimensional Cartesian system, the x-component of a vector is known, and the angle between vector and x-axis is known.Which operation is used to calculate the magnitude of the vector? (taken with respect to the x-component)
A)dividing by cosine
B)dividing by sine
C)multiplying by cosine
D)multiplying by sine

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Q 18Q 18

A taxicab moves five blocks due north, five blocks due east, and another two blocks due north.Assume all blocks are of equal size.What is the magnitude of the taxi's displacement, start to finish?
A)12 blocks
B)9.8 blocks
C)9.2 blocks
D)8.6 blocks

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Q 19Q 19

The following force vectors act on an object: i) 50.0 newtons at 45.0 north of east and ii) 25.0 newtons at 30.0 south of east.Which of the following represents the magnitude of the resultant and its angle relative to the easterly direction?
A)75.0 newtons 7.50
B)61.4 newtons 21.8
C)23.4 newtons 18.3
D)12.8 newtons 37.5

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Q 20Q 20

Find the resultant of the following two vectors: i) 50 units due east and ii) 100 units 30 north of west.
A)100 units 30 north of west
B)62 units 15 north of west
C)87 units 60 north of west
D)62 units 54 north of west

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Q 21Q 21

Arvin the Ant is on a picnic table.He travels 30 cm eastward, then 25 cm northward, and finally 15 cm westward.What is the magnitude of Arvin's net displacement?
A)70 cm
B)57 cm
C)52 cm
D)29 cm

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Q 22Q 22

Arvin the Ant travels 30 cm eastward, then 25 cm northward, and finally 15 cm westward.What is Arvin's direction of displacement with respect to his original position?
A)59 N of E
B)29 N of E
C)29 N of W
D)77 N of E

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Q 23Q 23

A string attached to an airborne kite is maintained at an angle of 40 with the horizontal.If a total of 120 m of string is reeled in while bringing the kite back to the ground, what is the horizontal displacement of the kite in the process? (Assume the kite string doesn't sag.)
A)100 m
B)84 m
C)77 m
D)92 m

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Q 24Q 24

Jack pulls a sled across a level field by exerting a force of 110 N at an angle of 30 with the ground.What are the parallel and perpendicular components, respectively, of this force with respect to the ground?
A)64 N, 190 N
B)190 N, 64 N
C)95 N, 55 N
D)55 N, 95 N

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Q 25Q 25

Vector is 3.0 units in length and points along the positive x-axis; vector is 4.0 units in length and points along a direction 150 from the positive x-axis.What is the magnitude of the resultant when vectors and are added?
A)7.0
B)6.7
C)4.7
D)2.1

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Q 26Q 26

Vector is 3.0 units in length and points along the positive x-axis; vector is 4.0 units in length and points along a direction 150 from the positive x-axis.What is the direction of the resultant with respect to the positive x-axis?
A)77
B)13
C)86
D)103

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Q 27Q 27

I walk six miles in a straight line in a direction north of east, and I end up two miles east and several miles north.How many degrees north of east have I walked?
A)19
B)45
C)60
D)71

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Q 28Q 28

Five boys are pushing on a snowball, and each is pushing with a force of 10.0 N.However, each boy is pushing in a different direction.They are pushing north, northeast, east, southeast, and south.(Each boy is pushing at an angle of 45.0 relative to his neighbor.) What is the magnitude of the total force on the ball?
A)0
B)17.1 N
C)24.1 N
D)27.1 N

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Q 29Q 29

A jogger runs halfway around a circular path with a radius of 60 m.What, respectively, are the magnitude of the displacement and the distance jogged?
A)60 m, 188 m
B)120 m, 188 m
C)0 m, 377 m
D)120 m, 377 m

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Q 30Q 30

A runner circles a track of radius 100 m in 100 s moving at a constant rate.If the runner was initially moving north, what has been the runner's average acceleration when halfway around the track?
A)At a constant rate, the average acceleration would be zero.
B)2 m/s

^{2}, west C)0.25 m/s^{2}, south D)No answer is correct.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

John throws a baseball from the outfield from shoulder height, at an initial velocity of 29.4 m/s at an initial angle of 30.0 with respect to the horizontal.The ball is in its trajectory for a total interval of 3.00 s before the third baseman catches it at an equal shoulder-height level.(Assume air resistance negligible.) What is the ball's horizontal displacement?
A)76.4 m
B)38.2 m
C)57.3 m
D)zero

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Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

A baseball thrown from the outfield is released from shoulder height at an initial velocity of 29.4 m/s at an initial angle of 30.0 with respect to the horizontal.If it is in its trajectory for a total of 3.00 s before being caught by the third baseman at an equal shoulder-height level, what is the ball's net vertical displacement during its 3-s trajectory?
A)11.0 m
B)9.80 m
C)22.1 m
D)zero

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Q 33Q 33

A baseball thrown from the outfield is released from shoulder height at an initial velocity of 29.4 m/s at an initial angle of 30.0 with respect to the horizontal.What is the maximum vertical displacement that the ball reaches during its trajectory?
A)11.0 m
B)9.80 m
C)22.1 m
D)44.1 m

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Q 34Q 34

A baseball is thrown by the center fielder (from shoulder level) to home plate where it is caught (on the fly at an equal shoulder level) by the catcher.At what point is the ball's speed at a minimum? (air resistance is negligible)
A)just after leaving the center fielder's hand
B)just before arriving at the catcher's mitt
C)at the top of the trajectory
D)speed is constant during entire trajectory

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Q 35Q 35

A baseball is thrown by the center fielder (from shoulder level) to home plate where it is caught (on the fly at shoulder level) by the catcher.At what point is the magnitude of the acceleration at a minimum? (air resistance is negligible)
A)just after leaving the center fielder's hand
B)just before arriving at the catcher's mitt
C)at the top of the trajectory
D)acceleration is constant during entire trajectory

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Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

A baseball is thrown by the center fielder (from shoulder level) to home plate where it is caught (on the fly at shoulder level) by the catcher.At what point does the magnitude of the vertical component of velocity have its minimum value? (air resistance is negligible)
A)just after leaving the center fielder's hand
B)just before arriving at the catcher's mitt
C)at the top of the trajectory
D)magnitude of vertical component of velocity is constant

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Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

A helicopter is traveling at 40 m/s at a constant altitude of 100 m over a level field.If a wheel falls off the helicopter, with what speed will it hit the ground? (g = 9.8 m/s

^{2}and air resistance negligible) A)40 m/s B)50 m/s C)60 m/s D)70 m/sFree

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Q 38Q 38

A ball is rolled horizontally off a table with an initial speed of 0.24 m/s.A stopwatch measures the ball's trajectory time from table to the floor to be 0.30 s.What is the height of the table? (g = 9.8 m/s

^{2}and air resistance is negligible) A)0.11 m B)0.22 m C)0.33 m D)0.44 mFree

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Q 39Q 39

A ball is rolled horizontally off a table with an initial speed of 0.24 m/s.A stop watch measures the ball's trajectory time from table to the floor to be 0.30 s.How far away from the table does the ball land? (g = 9.8 m/s

^{2}and air resistance is negligible) A)0.055 m B)0.072 m C)1.2 m D)1.9 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

A stone is thrown at an angle of 30 above the horizontal from the top edge of a cliff with an initial speed of 12 m/s.A stop watch measures the stone's trajectory time from top of cliff to bottom to be 5.6 s.What is the height of the cliff? (g = 9.8 m/s

^{2}and air resistance is negligible) A)58 m B)154 m C)120 m D)197 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

A stone is thrown at an angle of 30 above the horizontal from the top edge of a cliff with an initial speed of 12 m/s.A stop watch measures the stone's trajectory time from top of cliff to bottom to be 5.6 s.How far out from the cliff's edge does the stone travel horizontally? (g = 9.8 m/s

^{2 }and air resistance is negligible) A)58 m B)154 m C)120 m D)197 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 42Q 42

A stone is thrown with an initial speed of 15 m/s at an angle of 53 above the horizontal from the top of a 35 m building.If g = 9.8 m/s

^{2 }and air resistance is negligible, then what is the magnitude of the vertical velocity component of the rock as it hits the ground? A)9.0 m/s B)18 m/s C)26 m/s D)29 m/sFree

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Q 43Q 43

A stone is thrown with an initial speed of 15 m/s at an angle of 53 above the horizontal from the top of a 35 m building.If g = 9.8 m/s

^{2}and air resistance is negligible, then what is the magnitude of the horizontal component of velocity as the rock strikes the ground? A)7.5 m/s B)9.0 m/s C)12 m/s D)29 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 44Q 44

A stone is thrown with an initial speed of 15 m/s at an angle of 53 above the horizontal from the top of a 35 m building.If g = 9.8 m/s

^{2 }and air resistance is negligible, then what is the speed of the rock as it hits the ground? A)15 m/s B)21 m/s C)30 m/s D)36 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 45Q 45

A stone is thrown with an initial speed of 15 m/s at an angle of 53 above the horizontal from the top of a 35 m building.If g = 9.8 m/s

^{2}and air resistance is negligible, what is the magnitude of the horizontal displacement of the rock? A)38 m B)46 m C)66 m D)90 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 46Q 46

A bridge that was 5.0 m long has been washed out by the rain several days ago.How fast must a car be going to successfully jump the stream? Although the road is level on both sides of the bridge, the road on the far side is 2.0 m lower than the road on this side.
A)5.0 m/s
B)7.8 m/s
C)13 m/s
D)25 m/s

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Q 47Q 47

A rifle is aimed horizontally toward the center of a target 100 m away.If the bullet strikes 10 cm below the center, what was the velocity of the bullet? (Ignore air friction.)
A)300 m/s
B)333 m/s
C)500 m/s
D)700 m/s

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Q 48Q 48

A quarterback takes the ball from the line of scrimmage, runs backward for 10 yards, then sideways parallel to the line of scrimmage for 15 yards.He then throws a 50-yard forward pass straight downfield perpendicular to the line of scrimmage.The receiver is tackled immediately.How far is the football displaced from its original position?
A)43 yards
B)55 yards
C)63 yards
D)75 yards

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Q 49Q 49

A track star in the broad jump goes into the jump at 12 m/s and launches himself at 20 above the horizontal.How long is he in the air before returning to Earth? (g = 9.8 m/s

^{2}) A)0.42 s B)0.84 s C)1.25 s D)1.68 sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 50Q 50

Superguy is flying at treetop level near Paris when he sees the Eiffel Tower elevator start to fall (the cable snapped).His x-ray vision tells him Lois LaTour is inside.If Superguy is 1.00 km away from the tower, and the elevator falls from a height of 240 m, how long does Superguy have to save Lois, and what must be his average speed?
A)3.00 s, 333 m/s
B)5.00 s, 200 m/s
C)7.00 s, 143 m/s
D)9.00 s, 111 m/s

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Q 51Q 51

A ball is launched from ground level at 30 m/s at an angle of 35 above the horizontal.How far does it go before it is at ground level again?
A)14 m
B)21 m
C)43 m
D)86 m

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Q 52Q 52

A baseball leaves the bat with a speed of 44.0 m/s and an angle of 30.0 above the horizontal.A 5.0-m-high fence is located at a horizontal distance of 132 m from the point where the ball is struck.Assuming the ball leaves the bat 1.0 m above ground level, by how much does the ball clear the fence?
A)4.4 m
B)8.8 m
C)13.4 m
D)17.9 m

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Q 53Q 53

Wiley Coyote has missed the elusive road runner once again.This time, he leaves the edge of the cliff at 50.0 m/s horizontal velocity.If the canyon is 100 m deep, how far from his starting point at the edge of the cliff does the coyote land?
A)226 m
B)247 m
C)339 m
D)400 m

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Q 54Q 54

A fireman, 50.0 m away from a burning building, directs a stream of water from a fire hose at an angle of 30.0 above the horizontal.If the initial speed of the stream is 40.0 m/s, at what height will the stream of water strike the building?
A)9.60 m
B)13.4 m
C)18.7 m
D)22.4 m

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Q 55Q 55

The highest mountain on Mars is Olympus Mons, rising 22 000 meters above the Martian surface.If we were to throw an object horizontally off the mountain top, how long would it take to reach the surface? (Ignore atmospheric drag forces and use g

_{Mars}= 3.72 m/s^{2}.) A)1.8 minutes B)2.4 minutes C)3.0 minutes D)0.79 minuteFree

Multiple Choice

Q 56Q 56

Two projectiles are launched at 100 m/s, the angle of elevation for the first being 30 and for the second 60.Which of the following statements is false?
A)Both projectiles have the same acceleration while in flight.
B)The second projectile has the lower speed at maximum altitude.
C)Both projectiles have the same range.
D)All of the above statements are false.

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Multiple Choice

Q 57Q 57

A jet airliner moving at 500 mph due east moves into a region where the wind is blowing at 120 mph in a direction 30.0 north of east.What is the new velocity and direction of the aircraft?
A)607 mph, 5.67 N of E
B)620 mph, 5.67 N of E
C)607 mph, 6.22 N of E
D)588 mph, 4.87 N of E

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Multiple Choice

Q 58Q 58

A boat moves at 10.0 m/s relative to the water.If the boat is in a river where the current is 2.00 m/s, how long does it take the boat to make a complete round trip of 1 000 m upstream followed by a 1 000-m trip downstream?
A)200 s
B)203 s
C)208 s
D)250 s

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Q 59Q 59

A river flows due east at 3.0 m/s.A boat crosses the 300-m-wide river by maintaining a constant velocity of 10 m/s due north relative to the water.If no correction is made for the current, how far downstream does the boat move by the time it reaches the far shore?
A)6 m
B)30 m
C)60 m
D)90 m

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Multiple Choice

Q 60Q 60

A boat moves through the water in a river at a speed of 8 m/s relative to the water.The boat makes a trip downstream and then makes a return trip upstream to the original starting place.Which trip takes longer?
A)the downstream trip
B)the upstream trip
C)Both trips take the same amount of time.
D)The answer cannot be figured without knowing the speed of the river flow.

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Multiple Choice

Q 61Q 61

A boat travels upstream and after one hour has gone 10 km.The boat next travels downstream and after one hour has gone 14 km.If the boat's speed relative to the water is constant, what is the speed of the current in the river?
A)1 km/h
B)2 km/h
C)3 km/h
D)4 km/h

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Multiple Choice

Q 62Q 62

Plane A is flying at 400 mph in the northeast direction relative to the earth.Plane B is flying at 500 mph in the north direction relative to the earth.What is the speed of Plane B as observed from Plane A?
A)900 mph
B)640 mph
C)357 mph
D)100 mph

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Multiple Choice

Q 63Q 63

Plane A is flying at 400 mph in the northeast direction relative to the earth.Plane B is flying at 500 mph in the north direction relative to the earth.What is the direction of motion of Plane B as observed from Plane A?
A)52.5 N of E
B)52.5 N or W
C)37.5 N of W
D)36.9 N of W

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Multiple Choice

Q 64Q 64

A plane is moving due north, directly towards its destination.Its airspeed is 200 mph.A constant breeze is blowing from west to east at 40 mph.How long will it take for the plane to travel 200 miles north?
A)one hour
B)more than one hour
C)less than one hour
D)more information is needed

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Multiple Choice

Q 65Q 65

A plane is moving due north, directly towards its destination.Its airspeed is 200 mph.A constant breeze is blowing from west to east at 20 mph.In which direction is the plane pointed?
A)5.7 W of N
B)10 W of N
C)22 W of N
D)11 E of N

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Multiple Choice

Q 66Q 66

A plane is moving due north, directly towards its destination.Its airspeed is 200 mph.A constant breeze is blowing from west to east at 30 mph.At what rate is the plane moving north?
A)198 mph
B)193 mph
C)188 mph
D)180 mph

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Q 67Q 67

Vectors , , and have magnitudes 6, 11, and 20.When these vectors are added, what is the least possible magnitude of their resultant?
A)25
B)15
C)2
D)3

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Multiple Choice

Q 68Q 68

Four vectors all have the same magnitude.Vector 1 is at 30, Vector 2 is at 135, vector 3 is at 240, and Vector 4 is at 315.Which vector has the greatest magnitude x-component and which vector has the greatest magnitude y-component?
A)Vector 1, Vector 2
B)Vector 3, Vector 4
C)Vector 1, Vector 3
D)Vector 3, Vector 2

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Multiple Choice

Q 69Q 69

Vector 1 is 7 units long and is at 70.Vector 2 is 5 units long and is at 225.Vector 3 is 3 units long and is at 150.Which vector has equal magnitude components?
A)Vector 1
B)Vector 2
C)Vector 3
D)None of the vectors has equal magnitude components.

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Multiple Choice

Q 70Q 70

A particle moves east at constant velocity for a time interval DT.It then moves north at a constant velocity, with the same speed as before, for another time interval DT.Finally it moves east again with the original velocity.At the instant an additional time interval DT has elapsed, which of the following are true about the average velocity and the average acceleration for the motion described?
A)The average velocity is and the average acceleration is zero.
B)The average velocity is and the average acceleration is not zero.
C)The average velocity is not and the average acceleration is zero.
D)The average velocity is not and the average acceleration is not zero.

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Multiple Choice

Q 71Q 71

A projectile is fired at an angle of elevation of 60.Neglecting air resistance, what are possible angles in flight between the acceleration vector and the velocity vector?
A)160 and 40
B)20 and 70
C)90 and 60
D)none of the above

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