Worlds Together Study Set 1

History

Quiz 8 :

Reordering the World 1750-1850

Quiz 8 :

Reordering the World 1750-1850

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Questions refer to the passage below. The following is the response given by Chinese emperor Qianlong following the first British envoy to China, known as the Macartney Embassy. "As to your entreaty to send one of your nationals to be accredited to my Celestial Court and to be in control of your country's trade with China, this request is contrary to all usage of my dynasty and cannot possibly be entertained. It is true that Europeans, in the service of the dynasty, have been permitted to live at Peking, but they are compelled to adopt Chinese dress, they are strictly confined to their own precincts and are never permitted to return home. You are presumably familiar with our dynastic regulations. Your proposed Envoy to my Court could not be placed in a position similar to that of European officials in Peking who are forbidden to leave China, nor could he, on the other hand, be allowed liberty of movement and the privilege of corresponding with his own country; so that you would gain nothing by his residence in our midst. It may be, O King, that the above proposals have been wantonly made by your Ambassador on his own responsibility, or peradventure you yourself are ignorant of our dynastic regulations and had no intention of transgressing them when you expressed these wild ideas and hopes. . . . If, after the receipt of this explicit decree, you lightly give ear to the representations of your subordinates and allow your barbarian merchants to proceed to Chêkiang and Tientsin, with the object of landing and trading there, the ordinances of my Celestial Empire are strict in the extreme, and the local officials, both civil and military, are bound reverently to obey the law of the land. Should your vessels touch the shore, your merchants will assuredly never be permitted to land or to reside there but will be subject to instant expulsion. In that event your barbarian merchants will have had a long journey for nothing. Do not say that you were not warned in due time! Tremblingly obey and show no negligence! . . ." Emperor Qianlong: Letter to George III, 1793 -What is the purpose of this letter from Emperor Qianlong to King George III of England?
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Questions refer to the passage below. Kingston, Jamaica, September 6, 1815 . . . the destiny of America has been irrevocably decided; the tie that bound her to Spain has been severed. Only a concept maintained that tie and kept the parts of that immense monarchy together. That which formerly bound them now divides them. The hatred that the Peninsula has inspired in us is greater than the ocean between us. It would be easier to have the two continents meet than to reconcile the spirits of the two countries. The habit of obedience; a community of interest, of understanding, of religion; mutual goodwill; a tender regard for the birthplace and good name of our forefathers; in short, all that gave rise to our hopes, came to us from Spain. As a result, there was born principle of affinity that seemed eternal, notwithstanding the misbehavior of our rulers which weakened that sympathy, or, rather, that bond enforced by the domination of their rule. At present the contrary attitude persists: we are threatened with the fear of death, dishonor, and every harm; there is nothing we have not suffered at the hands of that unnatural stepmother-Spain. The veil has been torn asunder. We have already seen the light, and it is not our desire to be thrust back into darkness. . . . The role of the inhabitants of the American hemisphere has for centuries been purely passive. Politically they were nonexistent. We are still in a position lower than slavery, and therefore it is more difficult for us to rise to the enjoyment of freedom. . . . States are slaves because of either the nature or the misuse of their constitutions; a people is therefore enslaved when the government, by its nature or its vices, infringes on and usurps the rights of the citizen or subject. Simon Bolivar, "Letter from Jamaica," 1815 -Which of the following served as an inspiration to Bolivar?
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Questions refer to the drawing below. Capital and Labour (1843), Punch Magazine img -Which of the following events MOST directly led to the developments illustrated in the drawing?
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On which of the following premises does the concept of popular sovereignty depend?
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Which of the following accurately describes a reason cited by the colonists for the North American War of Independence?
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Questions refer to the map below. Industrial Europe around 1850 img -According to the map and your knowledge of world history, which of the following natural resources contributed MOST to the growth of the Industrial Revolution?
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Questions refer to the passage below. Kingston, Jamaica, September 6, 1815 . . . the destiny of America has been irrevocably decided; the tie that bound her to Spain has been severed. Only a concept maintained that tie and kept the parts of that immense monarchy together. That which formerly bound them now divides them. The hatred that the Peninsula has inspired in us is greater than the ocean between us. It would be easier to have the two continents meet than to reconcile the spirits of the two countries. The habit of obedience; a community of interest, of understanding, of religion; mutual goodwill; a tender regard for the birthplace and good name of our forefathers; in short, all that gave rise to our hopes, came to us from Spain. As a result, there was born principle of affinity that seemed eternal, notwithstanding the misbehavior of our rulers which weakened that sympathy, or, rather, that bond enforced by the domination of their rule. At present the contrary attitude persists: we are threatened with the fear of death, dishonor, and every harm; there is nothing we have not suffered at the hands of that unnatural stepmother-Spain. The veil has been torn asunder. We have already seen the light, and it is not our desire to be thrust back into darkness. . . . The role of the inhabitants of the American hemisphere has for centuries been purely passive. Politically they were nonexistent. We are still in a position lower than slavery, and therefore it is more difficult for us to rise to the enjoyment of freedom. . . . States are slaves because of either the nature or the misuse of their constitutions; a people is therefore enslaved when the government, by its nature or its vices, infringes on and usurps the rights of the citizen or subject. Simon Bolivar, "Letter from Jamaica," 1815 -Which of the following statements best expresses the purpose of Bolivar's letter?
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Questions refer to the passage below. Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793) was an early supporter of the French Revolution. The 1791 constitution extended male suffrage, but that right was not granted to women. De Gouges responded in the following passage: "Women, wake up; the tocsin of reason is being heard throughout the whole universe; discover your rights. The powerful empire of nature is no longer surrounded by prejudice, fanaticism, superstition, and lies . . . Oh, women, women! When will you cease to be blind? What advantage have you received from the Revolution? A more pronounced scorn, a more marked disdain . . . Regardless of what barriers confront you, it is in your power to free yourselves; you have only to want to. . . . I offer a foolproof way to elevate the soul of women; it is to join them in all activities of man; if man persists in finding this way impractical, let him share his fortune with woman, not at his caprice, but by the wisdom of laws. Prejudice falls, morals are purified, and nature regains all her rights." Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791), Olympe de Gouges -What effect is de Gouges hoping her writing will have on women in France?
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Calls for political revolution in the eighteenth-century Atlantic world relied on which of the following new ideas?
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Questions refer to the drawing below. Capital and Labour (1843), Punch Magazine img -How does the drawing represent a historical continuity?
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Questions refer to the passage below. The following is the response given by Chinese emperor Qianlong following the first British envoy to China, known as the Macartney Embassy. "As to your entreaty to send one of your nationals to be accredited to my Celestial Court and to be in control of your country's trade with China, this request is contrary to all usage of my dynasty and cannot possibly be entertained. It is true that Europeans, in the service of the dynasty, have been permitted to live at Peking, but they are compelled to adopt Chinese dress, they are strictly confined to their own precincts and are never permitted to return home. You are presumably familiar with our dynastic regulations. Your proposed Envoy to my Court could not be placed in a position similar to that of European officials in Peking who are forbidden to leave China, nor could he, on the other hand, be allowed liberty of movement and the privilege of corresponding with his own country; so that you would gain nothing by his residence in our midst. It may be, O King, that the above proposals have been wantonly made by your Ambassador on his own responsibility, or peradventure you yourself are ignorant of our dynastic regulations and had no intention of transgressing them when you expressed these wild ideas and hopes. . . . If, after the receipt of this explicit decree, you lightly give ear to the representations of your subordinates and allow your barbarian merchants to proceed to Chêkiang and Tientsin, with the object of landing and trading there, the ordinances of my Celestial Empire are strict in the extreme, and the local officials, both civil and military, are bound reverently to obey the law of the land. Should your vessels touch the shore, your merchants will assuredly never be permitted to land or to reside there but will be subject to instant expulsion. In that event your barbarian merchants will have had a long journey for nothing. Do not say that you were not warned in due time! Tremblingly obey and show no negligence! . . ." Emperor Qianlong: Letter to George III, 1793 -How does this document represent continuity in Chinese ways of thinking about their place in the world?
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Questions refer to the passage below. Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793) was an early supporter of the French Revolution. The 1791 constitution extended male suffrage, but that right was not granted to women. De Gouges responded in the following passage: "Women, wake up; the tocsin of reason is being heard throughout the whole universe; discover your rights. The powerful empire of nature is no longer surrounded by prejudice, fanaticism, superstition, and lies . . . Oh, women, women! When will you cease to be blind? What advantage have you received from the Revolution? A more pronounced scorn, a more marked disdain . . . Regardless of what barriers confront you, it is in your power to free yourselves; you have only to want to. . . . I offer a foolproof way to elevate the soul of women; it is to join them in all activities of man; if man persists in finding this way impractical, let him share his fortune with woman, not at his caprice, but by the wisdom of laws. Prejudice falls, morals are purified, and nature regains all her rights." Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791), Olympe de Gouges -De Gouges was MOST likely influenced by which of the following historical developments?
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In the eighteenth century, which of the following was an argument made against the mercantile system?
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Questions refer to the drawing below. Capital and Labour (1843), Punch Magazine img -The drawing was most likely created by someone who was concerned with the:
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Questions refer to the passage below. The following is the response given by Chinese emperor Qianlong following the first British envoy to China, known as the Macartney Embassy. "As to your entreaty to send one of your nationals to be accredited to my Celestial Court and to be in control of your country's trade with China, this request is contrary to all usage of my dynasty and cannot possibly be entertained. It is true that Europeans, in the service of the dynasty, have been permitted to live at Peking, but they are compelled to adopt Chinese dress, they are strictly confined to their own precincts and are never permitted to return home. You are presumably familiar with our dynastic regulations. Your proposed Envoy to my Court could not be placed in a position similar to that of European officials in Peking who are forbidden to leave China, nor could he, on the other hand, be allowed liberty of movement and the privilege of corresponding with his own country; so that you would gain nothing by his residence in our midst. It may be, O King, that the above proposals have been wantonly made by your Ambassador on his own responsibility, or peradventure you yourself are ignorant of our dynastic regulations and had no intention of transgressing them when you expressed these wild ideas and hopes. . . . If, after the receipt of this explicit decree, you lightly give ear to the representations of your subordinates and allow your barbarian merchants to proceed to Chêkiang and Tientsin, with the object of landing and trading there, the ordinances of my Celestial Empire are strict in the extreme, and the local officials, both civil and military, are bound reverently to obey the law of the land. Should your vessels touch the shore, your merchants will assuredly never be permitted to land or to reside there but will be subject to instant expulsion. In that event your barbarian merchants will have had a long journey for nothing. Do not say that you were not warned in due time! Tremblingly obey and show no negligence! . . ." Emperor Qianlong: Letter to George III, 1793 -What might have caused the Chinese emperor to rebuff British efforts to trade?
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Questions refer to the passage below. Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793) was an early supporter of the French Revolution. The 1791 constitution extended male suffrage, but that right was not granted to women. De Gouges responded in the following passage: "Women, wake up; the tocsin of reason is being heard throughout the whole universe; discover your rights. The powerful empire of nature is no longer surrounded by prejudice, fanaticism, superstition, and lies . . . Oh, women, women! When will you cease to be blind? What advantage have you received from the Revolution? A more pronounced scorn, a more marked disdain . . . Regardless of what barriers confront you, it is in your power to free yourselves; you have only to want to. . . . I offer a foolproof way to elevate the soul of women; it is to join them in all activities of man; if man persists in finding this way impractical, let him share his fortune with woman, not at his caprice, but by the wisdom of laws. Prejudice falls, morals are purified, and nature regains all her rights." Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791), Olympe de Gouges -De Gouges's ideology would be MOST similar to which of the following authors?
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Questions refer to the passage below. Kingston, Jamaica, September 6, 1815 . . . the destiny of America has been irrevocably decided; the tie that bound her to Spain has been severed. Only a concept maintained that tie and kept the parts of that immense monarchy together. That which formerly bound them now divides them. The hatred that the Peninsula has inspired in us is greater than the ocean between us. It would be easier to have the two continents meet than to reconcile the spirits of the two countries. The habit of obedience; a community of interest, of understanding, of religion; mutual goodwill; a tender regard for the birthplace and good name of our forefathers; in short, all that gave rise to our hopes, came to us from Spain. As a result, there was born principle of affinity that seemed eternal, notwithstanding the misbehavior of our rulers which weakened that sympathy, or, rather, that bond enforced by the domination of their rule. At present the contrary attitude persists: we are threatened with the fear of death, dishonor, and every harm; there is nothing we have not suffered at the hands of that unnatural stepmother-Spain. The veil has been torn asunder. We have already seen the light, and it is not our desire to be thrust back into darkness. . . . The role of the inhabitants of the American hemisphere has for centuries been purely passive. Politically they were nonexistent. We are still in a position lower than slavery, and therefore it is more difficult for us to rise to the enjoyment of freedom. . . . States are slaves because of either the nature or the misuse of their constitutions; a people is therefore enslaved when the government, by its nature or its vices, infringes on and usurps the rights of the citizen or subject. Simon Bolivar, "Letter from Jamaica," 1815 -According to the document, how does Bolivar characterize the actions of the Spanish government?
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Who constituted "the people," according to political arrangements Americans made during the War of Independence?
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Questions refer to the map below. Industrial Europe around 1850 img -What historical development would account for the large numbers of railroads and populated cities being in the United Kingdom?
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Questions refer to the map below. Industrial Europe around 1850 img -What historical developments would account for the lack of technology and urbanization in eastern Europe?
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