Worlds Together Study Set 1

History

Quiz 7 :

Cultures of Splendor and Power 1500-1780

Quiz 7 :

Cultures of Splendor and Power 1500-1780

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Questions refer to the image below. img The Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built by Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, c. 1630. Designed by a Parsi (Indian of Persian origin) architect. -Which of the following was a major reason that the Mughals created buildings such as the Taj Mahal?
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D

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Questions refer to the passages below. "It is the duty of a girl living in her parents' house to practice filial piety toward her father and mother. But after marriage, her duty is to honor her father-in-law and mother-in-law . . . to love and reverence them with all ardor and to tend them with a practice of filial piety. . . . When a husband issues his instructions, the wife must never disobey them. . . . A woman should look upon her husband as if he were Heaven itself and never weary of thinking how she may yield to him and thus escape celestial castigation." "The Great Learning for Women," Kaibara Ekken, Japanese philosopher, c. 1729 "I love man as my fellow, but his scepter, real or usurped, extends not to me, unless the reason of an individual demands my homage; and even then, the submission is to reason, and not to man. In fact, the conduct of an accountable being must be regulated by the operations of its own reason; or on what foundation rests the throne of God?" A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft, English essayist, 1792 -Kaibara's point of view was MOST likely influenced by which of the following?
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C

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Questions refer to the passages below. "It is the duty of a girl living in her parents' house to practice filial piety toward her father and mother. But after marriage, her duty is to honor her father-in-law and mother-in-law . . . to love and reverence them with all ardor and to tend them with a practice of filial piety. . . . When a husband issues his instructions, the wife must never disobey them. . . . A woman should look upon her husband as if he were Heaven itself and never weary of thinking how she may yield to him and thus escape celestial castigation." "The Great Learning for Women," Kaibara Ekken, Japanese philosopher, c. 1729 "I love man as my fellow, but his scepter, real or usurped, extends not to me, unless the reason of an individual demands my homage; and even then, the submission is to reason, and not to man. In fact, the conduct of an accountable being must be regulated by the operations of its own reason; or on what foundation rests the throne of God?" A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft, English essayist, 1792 -Which of the following is a difference between the second passage and the first passage?
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A

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Questions refer to the passages below. "What is tolerance? It is the natural attribute of humanity. We are all formed of weakness and error: let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly. That is the first law of nature. . . . Look at the Great Turk. He governs Guebres [Zoroastrians], Banians [Hindus], Greek Christians, Nestorians, Romans. The first who tried to stir up tumult would be impaled; and everyone is at peace. Of all the religions, the Christian is without doubt the one which should inspire tolerance most, although up to now the Christians have been the most intolerant of all men." Voltaire, French philosophe, "What Is Tolerance?" in The Philosophical Dictionary, 1764 "Jews and the various Christian Groups-Greek Orthodox, Jacobites, Uniates, and Copts-formed their own distinct communities, talifa, and regulated them within the umma under the auspices of Ottoman officials. . . . [who] often assessed special ad-hoc taxes, and sometimes even the jizya, collectively on Christian and Jewish communities. . . . Heightened tension between Christians and Muslims emerged during periods when European powers threatened the empire or when the central Turkish government lost its grip over local areas. Whenever talk of crusading or holy war bubbled up and whenever power devolved to local officials, Christians came under closer scrutiny and became targets of vigilante aggression. These incidents, however, were extremely rare; the normal state of relations consisted largely of reciprocity in the market place, interaction in the neighborhood, and cooperation in the Empire." Charles H. Parker, "Paying for the Privilege: The Management of Public Order and Religious Pluralism in Two Early Modern Societies," in Journal of World History, 2006 -Voltaire's statement is best understood in terms of which of the following tenets of the Enlightenment?
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In what way did the Islamic world in the period between 1500 and 1780 change from its earlier pattern of cultural development?
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Which of the following is a similarity between the ways that the rulers of Muslim and Chinese empires used the new wealth circulating in global trade?
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How did Europe's cultural exchanges with the Americas and the Pacific compare with its exchanges with China and the Islamic world?
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Questions refer to the passages below. "What is tolerance? It is the natural attribute of humanity. We are all formed of weakness and error: let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly. That is the first law of nature. . . . Look at the Great Turk. He governs Guebres [Zoroastrians], Banians [Hindus], Greek Christians, Nestorians, Romans. The first who tried to stir up tumult would be impaled; and everyone is at peace. Of all the religions, the Christian is without doubt the one which should inspire tolerance most, although up to now the Christians have been the most intolerant of all men." Voltaire, French philosophe, "What Is Tolerance?" in The Philosophical Dictionary, 1764 "Jews and the various Christian Groups-Greek Orthodox, Jacobites, Uniates, and Copts-formed their own distinct communities, talifa, and regulated them within the umma under the auspices of Ottoman officials. . . . [who] often assessed special ad-hoc taxes, and sometimes even the jizya, collectively on Christian and Jewish communities. . . . Heightened tension between Christians and Muslims emerged during periods when European powers threatened the empire or when the central Turkish government lost its grip over local areas. Whenever talk of crusading or holy war bubbled up and whenever power devolved to local officials, Christians came under closer scrutiny and became targets of vigilante aggression. These incidents, however, were extremely rare; the normal state of relations consisted largely of reciprocity in the market place, interaction in the neighborhood, and cooperation in the Empire." Charles H. Parker, "Paying for the Privilege: The Management of Public Order and Religious Pluralism in Two Early Modern Societies," in Journal of World History, 2006 -According to Parker, what precipitated the rare cases of persecution of Christians in the Ottoman Empire?
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Questions refer to the image below. img The Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built by Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, c. 1630. Designed by a Parsi (Indian of Persian origin) architect. -Which of the following is an accurate conclusion that can be drawn from the blending of Persian, Indian, and Ottoman artistic and architectural elements in the image above?
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Questions refer to the passages below. "It is the duty of a girl living in her parents' house to practice filial piety toward her father and mother. But after marriage, her duty is to honor her father-in-law and mother-in-law . . . to love and reverence them with all ardor and to tend them with a practice of filial piety. . . . When a husband issues his instructions, the wife must never disobey them. . . . A woman should look upon her husband as if he were Heaven itself and never weary of thinking how she may yield to him and thus escape celestial castigation." "The Great Learning for Women," Kaibara Ekken, Japanese philosopher, c. 1729 "I love man as my fellow, but his scepter, real or usurped, extends not to me, unless the reason of an individual demands my homage; and even then, the submission is to reason, and not to man. In fact, the conduct of an accountable being must be regulated by the operations of its own reason; or on what foundation rests the throne of God?" A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft, English essayist, 1792 -Wollstonecraft's justification for the role of women was closest to the arguments of which of the following movements in the eighteenth century?
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What did the Ottomans see as evidence that the Islamic world had a monopoly on truth, enlightenment, and culture?
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Questions refer to the passages below. "What is tolerance? It is the natural attribute of humanity. We are all formed of weakness and error: let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly. That is the first law of nature. . . . Look at the Great Turk. He governs Guebres [Zoroastrians], Banians [Hindus], Greek Christians, Nestorians, Romans. The first who tried to stir up tumult would be impaled; and everyone is at peace. Of all the religions, the Christian is without doubt the one which should inspire tolerance most, although up to now the Christians have been the most intolerant of all men." Voltaire, French philosophe, "What Is Tolerance?" in The Philosophical Dictionary, 1764 "Jews and the various Christian Groups-Greek Orthodox, Jacobites, Uniates, and Copts-formed their own distinct communities, talifa, and regulated them within the umma under the auspices of Ottoman officials. . . . [who] often assessed special ad-hoc taxes, and sometimes even the jizya, collectively on Christian and Jewish communities. . . . Heightened tension between Christians and Muslims emerged during periods when European powers threatened the empire or when the central Turkish government lost its grip over local areas. Whenever talk of crusading or holy war bubbled up and whenever power devolved to local officials, Christians came under closer scrutiny and became targets of vigilante aggression. These incidents, however, were extremely rare; the normal state of relations consisted largely of reciprocity in the market place, interaction in the neighborhood, and cooperation in the Empire." Charles H. Parker, "Paying for the Privilege: The Management of Public Order and Religious Pluralism in Two Early Modern Societies," in Journal of World History, 2006 -Voltaire suggested which of the following as an example of a tolerant society?
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Questions refer to the image below. img The Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built by Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, c. 1630. Designed by a Parsi (Indian of Persian origin) architect. -The minarets (towers) at the four corners of the Taj Mahal reflect which of the following religions, that of the Mughal emperors of India?
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Questions refer to the passages below. "What is tolerance? It is the natural attribute of humanity. We are all formed of weakness and error: let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly. That is the first law of nature. . . . Look at the Great Turk. He governs Guebres [Zoroastrians], Banians [Hindus], Greek Christians, Nestorians, Romans. The first who tried to stir up tumult would be impaled; and everyone is at peace. Of all the religions, the Christian is without doubt the one which should inspire tolerance most, although up to now the Christians have been the most intolerant of all men." Voltaire, French philosophe, "What Is Tolerance?" in The Philosophical Dictionary, 1764 "Jews and the various Christian Groups-Greek Orthodox, Jacobites, Uniates, and Copts-formed their own distinct communities, talifa, and regulated them within the umma under the auspices of Ottoman officials. . . . [who] often assessed special ad-hoc taxes, and sometimes even the jizya, collectively on Christian and Jewish communities. . . . Heightened tension between Christians and Muslims emerged during periods when European powers threatened the empire or when the central Turkish government lost its grip over local areas. Whenever talk of crusading or holy war bubbled up and whenever power devolved to local officials, Christians came under closer scrutiny and became targets of vigilante aggression. These incidents, however, were extremely rare; the normal state of relations consisted largely of reciprocity in the market place, interaction in the neighborhood, and cooperation in the Empire." Charles H. Parker, "Paying for the Privilege: The Management of Public Order and Religious Pluralism in Two Early Modern Societies," in Journal of World History, 2006 -In what way does Parker's statement support Voltaire's?
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Questions refer to the passages below. "What is tolerance? It is the natural attribute of humanity. We are all formed of weakness and error: let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly. That is the first law of nature. . . . Look at the Great Turk. He governs Guebres [Zoroastrians], Banians [Hindus], Greek Christians, Nestorians, Romans. The first who tried to stir up tumult would be impaled; and everyone is at peace. Of all the religions, the Christian is without doubt the one which should inspire tolerance most, although up to now the Christians have been the most intolerant of all men." Voltaire, French philosophe, "What Is Tolerance?" in The Philosophical Dictionary, 1764 "Jews and the various Christian Groups-Greek Orthodox, Jacobites, Uniates, and Copts-formed their own distinct communities, talifa, and regulated them within the umma under the auspices of Ottoman officials. . . . [who] often assessed special ad-hoc taxes, and sometimes even the jizya, collectively on Christian and Jewish communities. . . . Heightened tension between Christians and Muslims emerged during periods when European powers threatened the empire or when the central Turkish government lost its grip over local areas. Whenever talk of crusading or holy war bubbled up and whenever power devolved to local officials, Christians came under closer scrutiny and became targets of vigilante aggression. These incidents, however, were extremely rare; the normal state of relations consisted largely of reciprocity in the market place, interaction in the neighborhood, and cooperation in the Empire." Charles H. Parker, "Paying for the Privilege: The Management of Public Order and Religious Pluralism in Two Early Modern Societies," in Journal of World History, 2006 -What evidence does Parker use to show that Christians and Jews were NOT considered as full and equal citizens in the Ottoman Empire?
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Questions refer to the image below. img The Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built by Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, c. 1630. Designed by a Parsi (Indian of Persian origin) architect. -The expansion of the Mughal Empire in South Asia can best be understood in the context of which of the following historical developments in the period from 1450-1750?
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Questions refer to the passages below. "It is the duty of a girl living in her parents' house to practice filial piety toward her father and mother. But after marriage, her duty is to honor her father-in-law and mother-in-law . . . to love and reverence them with all ardor and to tend them with a practice of filial piety. . . . When a husband issues his instructions, the wife must never disobey them. . . . A woman should look upon her husband as if he were Heaven itself and never weary of thinking how she may yield to him and thus escape celestial castigation." "The Great Learning for Women," Kaibara Ekken, Japanese philosopher, c. 1729 "I love man as my fellow, but his scepter, real or usurped, extends not to me, unless the reason of an individual demands my homage; and even then, the submission is to reason, and not to man. In fact, the conduct of an accountable being must be regulated by the operations of its own reason; or on what foundation rests the throne of God?" A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft, English essayist, 1792 -Which of the following movements MOST likely influenced Wollstonecraft's thinking?
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What was the role of the Ottoman tekkes schools?
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Questions refer to the passages below. "It is the duty of a girl living in her parents' house to practice filial piety toward her father and mother. But after marriage, her duty is to honor her father-in-law and mother-in-law . . . to love and reverence them with all ardor and to tend them with a practice of filial piety. . . . When a husband issues his instructions, the wife must never disobey them. . . . A woman should look upon her husband as if he were Heaven itself and never weary of thinking how she may yield to him and thus escape celestial castigation." "The Great Learning for Women," Kaibara Ekken, Japanese philosopher, c. 1729 "I love man as my fellow, but his scepter, real or usurped, extends not to me, unless the reason of an individual demands my homage; and even then, the submission is to reason, and not to man. In fact, the conduct of an accountable being must be regulated by the operations of its own reason; or on what foundation rests the throne of God?" A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft, English essayist, 1792 -Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the two statements?
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Questions refer to the image below. img The Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built by Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, c. 1630. Designed by a Parsi (Indian of Persian origin) architect. -Based on your knowledge of world history, which of the following was another Sunni Muslim land-based empire in the period from 1450-1750?
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