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Learning and Memory

Psychology

Quiz 5 :

Operant Conditioning: Learning the Outcome of Behaviors

Quiz 5 :

Operant Conditioning: Learning the Outcome of Behaviors

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Which statement is TRUE?
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D

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If one buys lottery tickets, one may win on average every 15 times one plays. This is an example of a _____ schedule of reinforcement.
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C

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In what way does operant conditioning differ from classical conditioning?
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B

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Using an umbrella when it rains allows one to escape from getting wet. In this case, the stimulus is _____, the response is _____, and the outcome is _____.
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Darren is trying to get his young son to eat his peas. At first, Darren praises him whenever he moves his fork near the peas; after the child does this reliably, Darren praises him only if he actually puts a pea on his fork; then Darren's praise is only given when the child puts a pea on his fork and moves the fork toward his mouth. Darren carries on this way until the child eats his peas. Darren is using _____ to get his son to eat his peas.
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Malcolm's 2-year-old daughter throws a tantrum when she doesn't get what she wants. Malcolm has decided to ignore his daughter whenever she has a tantrum. This is an example of:
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The process by which an organism learns to produce a specific response in order to avoid or obtain an outcome is:
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In which example would one MOST likely see a steady rate of responding without any noticeable pauses?
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The dorsal striatum seems to be especially important for learning:
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If a little boy can hear his mother moving around in the kitchen downstairs in the morning, he can be fairly certain that it is time to get up and have his breakfast. The discriminative stimulus in this example is the:
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According to the Premack principle, if a teenager would rather go shopping than clean her room:
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What is the main difference between classical and operant conditioning?
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According to the law of effect, Thorndike's cats learned to escape the puzzle box because they:
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Which is an example of a primary reinforcer?
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According to the law of effect, which circumstance would lead to a weakening of the association between stimulus and response?
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Six-year-old Timmy was misbehaving in class one morning. Which punishment is likely to be the MOST effective in preventing Timmy from misbehaving again?
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The major difference between an individual who uses cocaine weekly and tried to stop and can't and an individual that skydives weekly and can't stop is that:
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Swatting a dog with a newspaper would be _____ of the behavior of chewing up one's favorite socks.
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In the case of Thorndike's cats learning to escape from a puzzle box, the stimulus (S) was _____ and the response (R) was _____.
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If it rains, opening the umbrella keeps one from getting wet. Escaping from getting wet would be _____ of the behavior of opening the umbrella.
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