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Archaeology Essentials

Anthropology

Quiz 1 :

The History of Archaeology

Quiz 1 :

The History of Archaeology

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In North America,the influential anthropologist Julian Steward emphasized the importance of environmental adaptation in cultural change.This approach was termed
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B

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Who is considered to be the first person to have conducted a scientific excavation of an ancient site?
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A

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The ecological approach to archaeology developed by Grahame Clark and his contemporaries could not only build up a picture of what prehistoric environments were like,but could also provide information about human activities such as
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D

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A late 19th-century pioneer in organized,precise excavation and total recording methods was
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"Survival of the fittest",a key mechanism in Darwin's theory of evolution,is also known as
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The travel writing of American lawyer and diplomat John Lloyd Stephens,published in the 1840s,revealed the ruined cities of what civilization for the first time
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Marija Gimbutas is considered a pioneer in the field of ______________ because of her emphasis on the importance of women in prehistory
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A key breakthrough in the use of scientific methods to date archaeological remains was Willard Libby's 1949 invention of
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Proponents of the New Archaeology argued that archaeology should do which of the following?
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Although it was less applicable in places where bronze or iron were not used,the Three Age System was conceptually significant to the study of the prehistory of
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Influenced by Darwin's ideas about evolution,Edward Tylor and Lewis Henry Morgan argued that human societies evolved through stages,from
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Only just a century and a half ago,before the development of modern archaeology,most well-read people in the Western world thought the world had been created
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Considered a useful starting point for archaeologists who wish to understand the lifestyles of people who lived in the past,the study of living human cultures and communities is called
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C.J.Thomsen,a Danish scholar,was responsible for classifying artifact collections and,based on those classifications,he created a conceptual scheme known as
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The study of the arrangement of superimposed layers of rocks or soil is called
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Many 19th century scholars were obsessed with the Moundbuilders,a mythical civilization that supposedly built the mounds and earthworks located in what is now
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The widespread acceptance in the later 20th century that the material remains of the past should be protected and conserved has inspired the development of
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After 14 years of work,this scholar was able to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphs in 1822
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Who formed the first cabinets of curiosities?
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The Rosetta Stone was found to be the key to
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Showing 1 - 20 of 48