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Archaeology Essentials

Anthropology

Quiz 4 :

Dating Methods and Chronology

Quiz 4 :

Dating Methods and Chronology

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Some scholars prefer the term BCE to the term BC when talking about calendar dates because BC,which means Before Christ,is not necessarily meaningful in areas with other calendars or religions.What does BCE stand for?
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B

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For most of human history the only way that people could measure time was through
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B

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This absolute dating method was developed by A.E.Douglass,an American astronomer,chiefly from work he conducted at the Pueblos of the American Southwest
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C

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Although generally less precise than radiocarbon,thermoluminescence (TL)dating has an advantages over radiocarbon dating: it can date
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__________ are complex sequences of cold periods that occurred during the Ice Age and are visible in ice cores
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To an archaeologist,examples of relative dating methods include
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If a coin with a date on it is found in a sealed archaeological deposit,we know that the deposit can be no older than the date on the coin.In that situation the date on the coin represents
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Layers of sediments resulting from the melting of ice sheets and deposited in lakes on an annual basis are known as
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The time taken for half of the atoms of a radioactive isotope to decay is called its
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Absolute dating methods
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In the Christian calendar (which uses the terms BC and AD),there is no year
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Archaeomagnetic (paleomagnetic)dating is contingent upon a number of factors.If a clay structure is heated beyond a certain temperature (650-700o C),is not reheated,and remains in situ,this dating technique may then be used to measure the __________________ of the iron particles,which may then be compared to a master sequence that has been built up for that region
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Although the creation of a typology may enable an archaeologist to understand gradual changes in design or decoration,to discover exactly when these changes occurred archaeologists must employ
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Through seriation,assemblages of artifacts are arranged in serial order,which is taken to indicate
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By 10,000 BC the only parts of the world that were not populated by Homo sapiens were Antarctica,the deserts,and
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The presence of foreign pottery in a well-dated Egyptian context shows that this type of pottery cannot be more recent than those Egyptian objects.This type of cross-dating establishes a__________ for the manufacture of the foreign pottery
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One of the major drawbacks of tree-ring dating is that the date recorded corresponds to the felling of the tree,thus
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The most coherent record of climate change on a global scale is obtained through
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Palynologists study ____________ which,when found preserved in lake or bog sediments,allows them to understand both ancient environments and to use them as a method of ________________ dating
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In order to obtain absolute dates from volcanic material in very early contexts (over 1 million years ago),you would probably choose to use
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