Developmental Psychology

Psychology

Quiz 15 :

Moral Development and Aggression

Quiz 15 :

Moral Development and Aggression

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Which two moral foundations regulate behaviour in close social relationships?
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A

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According to the norm of responsibility, why does altruism increase with age?
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B

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What form of aggression is intended to injure another person in order to obtain a means to an end?
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B

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Which of the following best summarizes the results of Shweder and colleagues' cross-cultural research comparing age-related changes in moral development of children living in India and in the United States?
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Compared to both nonaggressive and proactive-aggressive children, what type of aggression characterizes a reactive aggressor?
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At what age do children typically begin to show evidence of proactive aggression?
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According to the textbook, what is one Western cultural value that may be in conflict with the development of altruism?
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Which of the following best describes the research findings regarding the stability of aggression in males and females?
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According to Kohlberg, what form of moral reasoning predominates during adolescence and emerging adulthood?
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Amanda is 14 years old, and for several years has been a victim of Julie and Julie's friends.Recently in desperation, Amanda turns around and tells Julie what she really thinks of her.Everyone in the hallway hears and becomes interested in the verbal screaming match.As a result, Julie and her friends no longer harass Amanda.In this case, Amanda's aggressive behaviour is likely to increase due to which principle of operant conditioning?
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Suppose that you overhear someone discussing a recent situation that required her to make a moral judgement.When she states her reasons for her decision, you immediately classify her as reasoning at the preconventional level.What did she base her decision on that allowed you make this classification?
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Whereas some prosocial responses can be observed in children as young as 2 to 3 years of age, others are seldom observed until the elementary school years.What two responses are characteristic of this latter stage of development?
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Piaget's theory of moral development stresses that moral development occurs in which stages?
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Kohlberg's three levels of moral development are based on the developmental sequence of what behaviour?
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If an individual at the conventional level of moral reasoning had to choose between stealing and letting a loved one die, what would that person do?
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If an individual at the postconventional level of moral reasoning had to choose between stealing and letting a loved starve, what might that person do?
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A father speaks closely to his son in a restaurant: "Dennis, I'm going to tell you all the reasons it is wrong to throw food in a place like this." What type of moral explanation is the father using?
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How might a person at Kohlberg's Stage 2 of moral development justify returning a wallet full of money?
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According to Hoffman, which disciplinary strategy is most effective in promoting moral maturity?
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Suppose you are conducting a blind observation of a group of children as they work on a construction project, and you record the frequency and context of retaliatory aggressive acts.Later you learn that the children who committed the most acts of retaliation had been previously categorized as reactive aggressors.Given this scenario, under what circumstances did you record the most incidents of retaliation?
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