Developmental Psychology

Psychology

Quiz 7 :

Early Cognitive Foundations: Sensation, Perception, and Learning

Quiz 7 :

Early Cognitive Foundations: Sensation, Perception, and Learning

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The use of which of the following strategies is most likely to result in long-term inhibition of inappropriate behaviour?
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D

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Which of the following statements best summarizes the view of enrichment theorists regarding objective reality and perceptual development?
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B

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Two-month-old infants show a decrease in heart rate when placed on the deep side of a visual cliff apparatus, but no change in heart rate when placed on the shallow side.What does this difference in heart rate indicate about the infant's perception of depth?
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C

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Reginald is 6 weeks old.As part of a research study, he is presented with a sensory incongruity in which he hears his mother's voice coming from his right while his mother is sitting to his left.How is Reginald likely to react to this situation?
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According to Bandura, a child's observational learning involves the acquisition of symbolic representations of the model's behaviour.Which finding is most consistent with this viewpoint?
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When is the earliest point in development that classical conditioning has been demonstrated with infants?
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Which theory of perception ascribes much importance to the person's general knowledge stored in memory schemas?
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Which statement best summarizes the research findings of DeCasper and his associates regarding the auditory preferences of newborn infants?
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You observe a newborn infant who begins to suck on a bottle filled with a flavoured solution.The infant coughs and spits the solution out.Which statement best describes the taste of the solution in the bottle?
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As our perceptual processes mature, we lose the ability to detect sensory information that is not of cultural relevance.Based upon current research in perceptual development, what is this change thought to be due to?
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Which statement best summarizes the findings of the cross-cultural research conducted by Lynch and his associates regarding auditory perception of musical melodies in 6-month-old American infants?
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The measurement of which of the following is assessed by the evoked potential method when studying sensation?
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Robbie is 20 months old, and one day, for the first time, he watched his father shave.Two days later his mother claims that Robbie climbed up to the sink and began imitating his father's shaving ritual with a toothbrush.In this case, is the mother's claim plausible?
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Imagine that an infant hears the sound ba over and over, until he or she loses interest and stops listening.If the sound now changes to pa, and the infant still shows no interest, what can researchers infer?
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Ned has been throwing food at lunch, so his preschool teacher makes Ned sit in the time-out chair for three minutes.The teacher's response exemplifies which principle of operant conditioning?
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How do male infants react when they are circumcised without anesthesia?
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In Pavlov's experiment, what type of stimulus or response is the dog's salivation to the sound of the bell?
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Which of the following is the best example of extinction in classical conditioning?
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According to Gibson, what cognitive process has a child acquired when he or she learns to attend to the perceptual qualities of different letters?
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Meagan thinks that using punishment with children is wrong, so she asks you how she can use negative reinforcement to reduce the amount of time that her son spends talking on the telephone.What should you advise Meagan regarding the use of negative reinforcement as a disciplinary technique?
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