Behavior Analysis and Learning

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Quiz 4 :

Reinforcement and Extinction of Operant Behavior

Quiz 4 :

Reinforcement and Extinction of Operant Behavior

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What defines a contingency of reinforcement?
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D

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Consider the following example: "Joanne is very fair skinned. In order to not get sunburned, she puts on sunscreen before she goes to the beach." This is an example of ______.
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B

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In negative punishment, a stimulus is ______ and as a result behavior ______.
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D

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In terms of response stereotypes, variability, and reinforcement, the work by Barry Schwartz shows that reinforcement can produce _____ patterns of behavior while the work of Neuringer and colleagues indicates that reinforcement can produce ________.
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In terms of rewards and intrinsic motivation, Cameron et al. (2001) conducted a statistical procedure called _____ and one of the findings indicated that verbal rewards ____ performance and interest on tasks.
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To experimentally study the probability of response, a researcher uses ____ as the basic measure and follows the ____ method.
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Shaping of behavior involves:
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Andrew spends a lot of time playing guitar and very little time studying. ______ suggest(s) that playing the guitar could be a reinforcer for studying.
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Response deprivation has what effect on the response hierarchy in a free-choice setting?
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Consider the following example: "Bob is running late for work so he drives faster than usual. As a result of his increased speed, Bob is pulled over by a police officer and receives a ticket. The next time Bob is running late for work he drives the correct speed." This is an example of _____.
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The Premack principle states that a higher-frequency behavior will:
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Which of the following is (are) involved in the partial reinforcement effect?
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Consider the following example: "Kendra stays out two hours past curfew. As a result of her tardiness, her parents take away her privileges to go out for two weeks. The next time Kendra goes out she makes sure to come home on time." This is an example of _____.
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In positive reinforcement, a stimulus is ______ and as a result behavior _____.
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Consider the following example: "Your phone won't allow you to make a call so you turn it off and then back on again. After this your phone allows you to make a call." Identify the operant in this example.
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A classic experiment on the effects of extinction by Antonitis (1951) involved:
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Which of the following is not one of the four basic contingencies?
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One of the main criticisms of behavioral rewards and reinforcement is the idea that ______.
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The _______ is the behavior that produces the opportunity to engage in some activity.
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The term operant comes from the verb _________________ and refers to behavior that _____________.
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