Behavior Analysis and Learning

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Quiz 8 :

Stimulus Control

Quiz 8 :

Stimulus Control

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To keep the onset of SD from reinforcing responses in SΔ one needs to add a _____ contingency.
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C

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When organisms respond in one setting and not another they are ______. When they behave similarly they are _____ across circumstances.
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D

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A change in maximal generalization responding away from SΔ to the other side of SD is called:
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B

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A two-component schedule in which both components have separate stimuli is called a ______.
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A dog trained to detect volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the urine of men with prostrate cancer was _______ accurate in detecting these chemicals in urine during experimental tests (Browne, Stafford, & Fordham, 2006).
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_____ means that an organism responds to differences among the values of two or more stimuli.
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If you trained a pigeon to turn a circle when a TURN sign was presented you could say the bird was _____.
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The discovery of cones in the retinas of pigeons led to an understanding of visual sensitivity. Visual sensitivity allows for ______ of the world that improves the reproductive success of birds.
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When a woman suffering from anorexia chooses the thinner picture of herself as opposed to the actual or heavier photograph, she is demonstrating:
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A shaping procedure whereby control gradually changes from one element to another is called _______.
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An SD does not cause or elicit the appearance of a response the way a _____ does.
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When an ______ is presented the probability of a response increases. When an _____ is presented the probability of response decreases.
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With careful shaping and fading one might develop a discrimination without _____.
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An SΔ sets the occasion upon which a response is ____ reinforced.
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If changing contingencies of reinforcement on one schedule affect reinforced behavior on another schedule, ____ has occurred.
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If reinforcers on one schedule are depleted and responding in another schedule increases, we call this _____.
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The SD and S are presented at the same time and the organism responds to one or the other during a ______ procedure.
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In operant conditioning the antecedent stimulus paired with reinforcement is called a/an ______.
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From a behavioral analysis standpoint, a failure to learn is most likely caused by:
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Guttman and Kalish (1956) reinforced pigeons for pecking a particular color of light and then recorded their rate of pecking across the spectrum and found that:
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