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HDEV Study Set 2

Psychology

Quiz 1 :

History, Theories, and Methods

Quiz 1 :

History, Theories, and Methods

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Children adapt to their environments through assimilation and accommodation, according to Piaget's cognitive-developmental theory.
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True False
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True

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Researchers rarely concern themselves about ethical considerations when designing an experiment.
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True False
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False

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Gender is considered an aspect of diversity.
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True False
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True

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According to ethologists, fixed action patterns are learned behaviours.
True False
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According to Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory, the chronosystem involves changes over time.
True False
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Freud believed the superego developed to force the id to follow rules.
True False
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The scientific method is an unethical means of researching human development.
True False
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Correlational studies prove causal relationships between variables.
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Longitudinal research studies the same individuals over time.
True False
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Erikson's psychosocial theory emphasizes the responsibility of the ego.
True False
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Punishments such as slapping are considered less effective than types of discipline that provide alternative, acceptable behaviours.
True False
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A key Vygotskian concept is the zone of proximal development.
True False
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A control group in an experiment receives the experimental treatment.
True False
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Stage theories consider development as a discontinuous process.
True False
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With accommodation, new schemas may be created.
True False
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Dependent variables are measured results in an experiment.
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Bandura's social cognitive theory argues that children learn by observing models.
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Information-processing theory uses the computer as a metaphor for human thinking and memory.
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John Watson, founder of American behaviourism, believed that children were born with all they needed to know for life.
True False
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Piaget's cognitive-developmental theory suggests that children passively respond to their environments.
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