Sociology The Core Study Set 1

Sociology

Quiz 12 :

Population and Environment

Quiz 12 :

Population and Environment

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As a result of the greater life expectancy of men, there are three men for every two women over the age of 65 in the United States.
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False

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Karl Marx's primary disagreement with Thomas Malthus was his insistence that society was not overpopulated but that wealth needed to be equally distributed.
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True

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The Neo-Malthusian Paul Ehrlich argued in The Population Bomb that even those who have enough food will suffer the effects of ecosystem destruction and environmental pollution.
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True

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The life expectancy of Americans was 58 years in 2011.
True False
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Migration is the measurement of factors that encourage people to leave a habitat they already occupy.
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Although some 62 million people have moved from less to more developed nations, nearly as many have moved from one developing country to another.
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The "baby-bust cohort" represents the huge growth in population that took place during the high fertility period following World War II.
True False
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The United States has the lowest infant mortality rate of all industrialized countries.
True False
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Push and pull factors contribute to the large numbers of illegal immigrants entering the United States from Mexico.
True False
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Human ecology looks at the relationships between humans and their human environment and institutions.
True False
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According to Thomas Malthus, human beings have to continually deal with a paradox: the need for food and the passion between the sexes.
True False
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All population change within a society can be reduced to two factors: births and deaths.
True False
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Thomas Malthus stated that human population grows in arithmetic progression and food production grows in geometric progression; therefore, the food supply stays just ahead of population growth rates.
True False
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Gender, age, race, religion, and national origin are among the components of what is termed population composition.
True False
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A boom in the birth rate in Texas, Idaho, Florida, and Arizona is the biggest factor in these states' population growth.
True False
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Richard Easterlin's work in charting population growth has shown that small generations typically produce large growth and large generations typically produce small growth.
True False
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Class segregation-the separation between the rich and the poor-has been decreasing steadily since the 1970s.
True False
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It takes an average of 2.1 children per woman of childbearing age for a modern population to reach the zero population growth level.
True False
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Homography is the science dealing with the study of population size, distribution, and composition.
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The United States currently has a growth rate of 10 percent, which means the United States population will double in 100 years.
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