Sociology The Core Study Set 1

Sociology

Quiz 9 :

Political and Economic Power

Quiz 9 :

Political and Economic Power

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When people possess authority, they have a recognized and established right to give orders and act as leaders.
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True False
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True

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Through legal-rational authority, power is legitimized by the sanctity of age-old customs.
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True False
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False

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Charismatic authority is power that is legitimated by superhuman or supernatural qualities people attribute to a leader.
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True False
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True

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Power based on the use of force alone is a permanent condition.
True False
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Power tends to be distributed randomly, somewhat arbitrarily, and in a noninstitutionalized manner.
True False
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Bureaucratic organization has become more a part of our lives as the role of the state has expanded.
True False
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Authoritarianism is a type of government in which the government tolerates considerable opposition to its rule but allows almost no debate on issues of public policy.
True False
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Totalitarianism is a type of government in which the state tries to control all parts of the society and all aspects of social life.
True False
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Thomas Hobbes argued that private property was the root of all evil. By taking this position, he became a forerunner of modern conflict theory.
True False
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Conflict theorists contend that the state exists to give power to some groups over others.
True False
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Americans tend to accept the use of power by government because they think that policies and orders are developed according to the rules in which they believe.
True False
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A powerful state rarely can reach outside itself and dominate people in other regions and societies.
True False
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Max Weber would have looked upon people like John F. Kennedy or Elvis Presley as having charismatic leadership characteristics.
True False
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Functionalists tend to view the state as a nonessential social institution that would do well to retreat in favor of individual interests.
True False
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Conflict theorists observed that the state came into being as a consequence of the production of more goods and services than were necessary for human survival.
True False
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Ultimately the state depends on force--power whose basis is the threat or application of punishment.
True False
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When totalitarian and authoritarian systems of government fail, democratic ones always rise up in their place.
True False
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Power is a part of all aspects of social life.
True False
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protection against other societies.
True False
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Two major prototypes of totalitarianism are Nazi Germany under Hitler and communist Russia under Stalin.
True False
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