## Physics for Scientists

Physics & Astronomy

## Quiz 35 :

Optical Instruments

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Q05 Q05 Q05

A ray of light consisting of blue light (wavelength 480 nm) and red light (wavelength 670 nm) is incident on a thick piece of glass at 80°. What is the angular separation between the refracted red and refracted blue beams while they are in the glass? (The respective indices of refraction for the blue light and the red light are 1.4636 and 1.4561.)

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Q06 Q06 Q06

A beam of light of two different wavelengths enters a pane of glass 3.00 mm thick at an angle of incidence of 56°. The indices of refraction for the two different colors are 1.514 and 1.528. Because of dispersion, the colored beams, although parallel, are separated by a small distance. How far apart are they?

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Q07 Q07 Q07

Light consisting of a mixture of red and blue light enters a 40°, 70°, 70° prism along a line parallel to the side opposite the 40° vertex. The index of refraction of the prism material for blue light is 1.530, and for red light it is 1.525. What is the angle between the two emerging beams of light?

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Q09 Q09 Q09

In a 35.0-mm single lens reflex camera (SLR), the distance from the lens to the film is varied in order to focus on objects at varying distances. Over what distance range must a lens of 55-mm focal length vary if the camera is to be able to focus on objects ranging in distance from infinity down to 0.60 m from the camera?

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Q12 Q12 Q12

A person's eye lens is 2.7 cm away from the retina. This lens has a near point of 25 cm and a far point at infinity.
(a) What must the focal length of this lens be in order for an object placed at the near point of the eye to focus on the retina?
(b) What must the focal length of this lens be in order for an object placed at the far point of the eye to focus on the retina?

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Q30 Q30 Q30

The focal lengths of the objective and the eyepiece of a microscope are 0.50 cm and 2.0 cm, respectively, and their separation adjusted for minimum eyestrain (with the final image at the viewer's far point) is 6.0 cm. The near point of the person using the microscope is 25 cm and the far point is infinity.
(a) If the microscope is focused on a small object, what is the distance between the object and the objective lens?
(b) If the microscope is focused on a small object, what is its final magnification?

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Q31 Q31 Q31

The distance between the object and the eyepiece of a compound microscope is 25.0 cm. The focal length of its objective lens is 0.200 cm and the eyepiece has a focal length of 2.60 cm. A person with a near point of 25.0 cm and a far point at infinity is using the microscope.
(a) What is the angular magnification obtainable using the eyepiece alone as a magnifying lens if the final image is at the person's far point?
(b) What is the total magnification of the microscope when used by the person of normal eyesight?

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Q32 Q32 Q32

The focal lengths of the objective and eyepiece in a compound microscope are 0.80 cm and 2.5 cm, respectively. The image formed by the objective is 16 cm from it and the final image is 25 cm from the eye. What is the total overall magnification of the microscope?

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Q33 Q33 Q33

The focal lengths of the objective and the eyepiece in a microscope are 0.29 cm and 2.50 cm, respectively. An object is placed at 0.30 cm from the objective lens and the image of this object is viewed with the eyepiece adjusted for minimum eyestrain (with the eye focused at the far point). The near point of the person using the microscope is 25 cm and the far point is at infinity. What is the final overall magnification of the microscope?

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Q34 Q34 Q34

The distance between the object and the eyepiece of a compound microscope is 18.0 cm. The focal length of its objective lens is 0.80 cm and the eyepiece has a focal length of 2.3 cm. The near-point distance of the person using the microscope is 25.0 cm. What is the total overall magnification of the microscope?

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Q35 Q35 Q35

The focal lengths of the objective and the eyepiece in a microscope are 0.290 cm and 2.50 cm, respectively. An object is placed 0.300 cm from the objective. The image of this object is viewed with the eyepiece adjusted for minimum eyestrain (image at the far point of the eye) for a person with normal vision. What is the distance between the objective and the eyepiece?

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Q36 Q36 Q36

The objective and the eyepiece of a microscope have focal lengths of 4.00 mm and 25.0 mm, respectively. The objective produces a real image 30 times the size of the object. The final image is viewed at infinity, and the near point of the microscope user is at 25.0 cm. What is the distance between the object and the focal point of the objective?

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Q37 Q37 Q37

The eyepiece of a compound microscope has a focal length of 2.50 cm and the objective has a focal length of 1.60 cm. The two lenses are separated by 15.0 cm. The microscope is used by a person with normal eyes (near point at 25 cm). What is the angular magnification of the microscope?

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Q38 Q38 Q38

You have available lenses of focal lengths 2.0 cm, 4.0 cm, 8.0 cm, and 16.0 cm.
(a) If you were to use any two of these lenses to build a telescope, what is the maximum magnification you could achieve?
(b) If you were to use any two of these lenses to build a telescope, what is the lens separation for the maximum magnification telescope?

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Q41 Q41 Q41

The angular magnification of a refracting telescope is 40 x. When the object and final image are both at infinity, the distance between the eyepiece and the objective is 143.5 cm. The telescope is used to view a distant radio tower. The real image of the tower, formed by the objective, is 6.0 mm in height. The focal point of the eyepiece is positioned at the real image. What is the focal length of the objective lens?

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Q42 Q42 Q42

The angular magnification of a refracting telescope is 40 x. When the object and final image are both at infinity, the distance between the eyepiece and the objective is 143.5 cm. The telescope is used to view a distant radio tower. The real image of the tower, formed by the objective, is 6.0 mm in height. The focal point of the eyepiece is positioned at the real image. What is the angle subtended by the final image of the tower.

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Q43 Q43 Q43

The objective and the eyepiece of a refracting astronomical telescope have focal lengths of 320 cm and 4.0 cm, respectively. The telescope is used to view Neptune and the final image is set at infinity. The diameter of Neptune is 4.96 × 10

^{7 }m and the distance from the earth at the time of observation is 4.4 × 10^{12 }m. What is the angle (in mrad) subtended by the final telescopic image of Neptune?Free

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Q48 Q48 Q48

A 10-inch telescope (25.4 cm in diameter) is used to determine if what appears to be one star is actually two stars. Stars are so far away that they are essentially point sources. How close (in angle) can the two stars be and still be resolved by this telescope if it is focusing light of wavelength of 550 nm? (Consider only the limitation due to diffraction.)

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Q51 Q51 Q51

A camera used for aerial surveillance has a lens with a 30-cm maximum aperture and a 42-cm focal length. Assume light of 550-nm wavelength is used and that the resolution of the camera is limited solely by diffraction. What is the angular resolution of the camera at maximum aperture?

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Q52 Q52 Q52

Treat each of your eyes as a circular aperture of diameter 3.5 mm. Light of wavelength
500 nm is used to view two point sources that are 894 m distant from you. How far apart must these two point sources be if they are to be just resolved by your eye? Assume that the resolution is diffraction limited and use Rayleigh's criterion.

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