Essentials of Psychology

Psychology

Quiz 9 :

Motivation and Emotion

Quiz 9 :

Motivation and Emotion

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Drive-reduction theory cannot explain which of the following?
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D

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The need to acquire money is what type of drive?
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C

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Modern evolutionary theorists acknowledge that there may be a ____ predisposition for addiction,but they reject the notion that ____ predetermines that someone will become an addict.
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B

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Which of the following contends that individuals perform below their abilities when they are underaroused or overaroused?
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Motivation is a(n)____ state that ____ behavior toward the fulfillment of a goal.
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External theories of motivation focus more on ____ of the goal or the environment that pulls the organism in a certain direction.
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According to the drive-reduction theory,an imbalance in homeostasis creates a physiological need,which in turn produces a(n)____,defined as a physiological state of arousal that moves the organism to meet the need.
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Those who enjoy ____ tend to listen to loud music,socialize a great deal,eat spicy foods,drink alcohol,smoke tobacco,engage in frequent sexual activity,and do things that are risky or novel.
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Which drives are unlearned and arise from basic biological needs such as the need for food and water?
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What theories of motivation assume that there is something about the organism that "pushes" it toward,or away from,some object?
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Instead of motivation being simply tied to reducing arousal,it appears that motivation is associated with ____ arousal.
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An unlearned,relatively fixed pattern of behavior,essential to survival,is known as ____.
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When the original instinct theory fell out of scientific favor,many psychologists sought to explain motivation by turning to ____,which is based on the concept of homeostasis.
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By extending Darwin's theory,early psychologists of the twentieth century proposed that humans have ____.
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A "thirst drive," marked by arousal and discomfort,developed by an individual deprived of water or other liquids for an extended period of time,is an example of a psychological need created by ____.
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Which theory emphasizes the importance of learning on motivation by distinguishing between primary and secondary drives?
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What level of arousal is described as optimal in the Yerkes-Dodson law?
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Modern evolutionary theorists propose that we inherited adaptive genetic traits,but these traits express themselves more as ____ for behaviors rather than as a predetermined set of actions.
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Motivation is best described as what type of process?
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Which term describes the tendency for organisms to keep physiological systems internally balanced by adjusting them in response to change?
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