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Relativity
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College Physics Reasoning and Relationships

Physics & Astronomy

Quiz 27 :
Relativity

Quiz 27 :
Relativity

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The speed of light is equal to:
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Answer:

A

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Einstein's theory of relativity is based in part on which one of the following postulates?
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Answer:

A

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According to a postulate of Einstein, which of the following describes the nature of the laws of physics as one observes processes taking place in various inertial frames of reference?
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Answer:

B

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I am stationary in a reference system but if my reference system is not an inertial reference system, then, relative to me, a system that is an inertial reference system must:
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A mass is bouncing on the end of a spring with a period T when measured by a ground observer. What would the period of oscillation be (as measured by the same observer) if the mass and spring were moving past the ground observer at a speed of 0.600c?
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The relativistic effect of time dilation has been verified by which of the following?
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According to the special theory of relativity, which of the following happens to the size of the time interval between two events occurring in an inertial frame of reference as the frame's velocity with respect to the observer increases?
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According to the special theory of relativity, if a 35 year old astronaut sent on a space mission is accelerated to speeds close to that of light, and then returns to Earth after 20 years as measured on earth, what would be his biological age upon returning?
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The period of a pendulum is 2.0 s in a stationary inertial frame of reference. What is its period when measured by an observer moving at a speed of 0.80c with respect to the inertial frame of reference?
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The period of an oscillating weight on a spring in an inertial frame of reference is 0.80 s. What would be its speed if it were to move by an observer who measures its period as 1.2 s? (c = 3.00 108 m/s)
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A tuning fork has a frequency of 400 Hz and hence a period of 2.50 103 s. If the tuning fork is in an inertial frame of reference moving by the observer at speed of 0.680c, what is the frequency of the fork as measured by the observer? (Assume that measurements are strictly by optical means and that the speed of sound waves in air is not pertinent here.)
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A ground observer measures the period of a pendulum moving as a part of an inertial frame of reference to be 2.30 s as the inertial frame moves by at a velocity of 0.800c. What would the observed period be of the same pendulum if its inertial frame were at rest with respect to the observer?
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An astronaut at rest has a heart rate of 65 beats/min. What will her heart rate be as measured by an earth observer when the astronaut's spaceship goes by the earth at a speed of 0.80c?
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The astronaut whose heart rate on Earth is 60 beats/min increases his velocity to v = 0.60c. Now what is his heart rate as measured by an Earth observer?
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From a stationary position, I observe a moving boxcar, which has a mirror along the front wall, but it is open at the back of the boxcar. I send a flash of light from my flashlight and time the flash of light as it goes to the front of the boxcar and returns to the back of the boxcar. A passenger in the boxcar also times the round trip of the flash of light. Compare the times recorded on our watches.
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From a stationary position, I observe a moving boxcar, which has a mirror along the front wall, but it is open at the back of the boxcar. I send a flash of light from my flashlight and time the flash of light as it goes to the front of the boxcar and returns to the back of the boxcar. A passenger in the boxcar also times the round trip of the flash of light. Previously I had measured the time required for the round trip of a flash of light when the boxcar was stationary, and I call this the stationary time. Which two times are the same?
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A boxcar without a front or a back is moving toward the right. Two flashes of light move through the boxcar, one moving from back to front toward the right, the other moving from front to back toward the left. A passenger in the boxcar records how long it takes each flash of light to pass from one end of the boxcar to the other end. According to the passenger, which took longer?
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A boxcar without a front or a back is moving toward the right. Two electrons move through the boxcar, one moving from back to front toward the right, the other moving from front to back toward the left. According to me, each electron is moving with a speed of 0.8c, and the boxcar is moving with a speed of 0.6c. A passenger in the boxcar records how long it takes each electron to pass from one end of the boxcar to the other end. According to the passenger, which took less time?
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At what speed would a clock have to be moving in order to run at a rate that is one-third the rate of a clock at rest?
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A muon formed high in the Earth's atmosphere travels at a speed 0.990c for a distance of 6.40 km before it decays. What is the muon's lifetime as measured in its reference frame?
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