# Quiz 10: Conservation of Angular Momentum

Physics & Astronomy

Q 1Q 1

A force

_{x}in the negative x direction is applied to a particle in the xy plane. The arrow that best represents the torque produced by_{x}on the particle with respect to the origin is A) B) C) D) E)Free

Multiple Choice

A

Q 2Q 2

A phonograph turntable in the xz plane is rotating clockwise as viewed from above. The vector that represents the torque with which the motor turns the table is
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Free

Multiple Choice

B

Q 3Q 3

A torque is applied to a bolt by hanging a weight w from the end of the wrench, as shown. The coordinate axis along which the torque vector is directed is
A) y
B) x
C) -y
D) -x
E) z

Free

Multiple Choice

D

Q 4Q 4

As a particle with a velocity in the negative x direction passes through the point (0, 0, 1), it has an angular velocity relative to the origin that is best represented by vector
A)
B)
C)
D)
E) zero

Free

Multiple Choice

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

Vectors and lie in the xy plane. The vector product (
) could be represented by vector
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

A 7-kg mass and a 4-kg mass are mounted on a spindle that is free to turn about the x axis as shown. Assume the mass of the arms and the spindle to be negligible. If the system is free to rotate and is released from rest, there will initially be a resultant torque in which of the following directions?
A) z
B) -z
C) y
D) -x
E) x

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

A wheel is rotating clockwise on a fixed axis perpendicular to the page (x). A torque that causes the wheel to slow down is best represented by the vector
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

Coriolis acceleration is a result of fictitious force when an observer is in a rotating frame. It is expressed as where is the angular velocity of the rotating frame and is the velocity of an object in the rotating frame. Suppose and what is ?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E) None of these is correct.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

A particle of mass m is moving with a velocity , in the yz plane as shown. The vector that most nearly represents the angular momentum about the x axis is
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

A wheel is set spinning and is then hung by a rope placed at one end of the axle. If the wheel is spinning as shown, the angular momentum of the wheel could be represented by vector
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

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Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

A disc rotates clockwise in the plane of the page. What is the direction of the angular momentum vector?
A) clockwise
B) counterclockwise
C) into the page
D) out of the page
E) angular momentum has no direction

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

Particles 1, 2, and 3 have equal masses and equal speeds. The angular momentum with respect to the origin for these three masses is
A) the same for each particle.
B) greatest for particle 1.
C) greatest for particle 2.
D) greatest for particle 3.
E) least for particle 2.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

The angular momentum of a flywheel about its axis is 925 kg · m

^{2}/s. If its moment of inertia about the same axis is 2.50 kg · m^{2}, its angular velocity is A) 370 rev/min B) 62 rev/min C) 36 rev/min D) 2210 rad/s E) 370 rad/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

We would like to compare the angular momentum of Mars about its axis of rotation with that of Earth's. The mass of Mars is 11% that of Earth, with a radius 53% that of Earth, and a rotational period 103% that of Earth. Assuming both planets to be uniform spheres calculate the ratio of the angular momentum of Mars to that of Earth.
A) 6.0 10

^{}^{2 }B) 5.7 10^{}^{2 }C) 3.2 10^{}^{2 }D) 3.0 10^{}^{2 }E) 3.1 10^{}^{2 }Free

Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

Large meteors can impact the earth with speeds of 80,000 km/h. If such a meteor were to impact at a point on the plane of Earth's equator, resulting in a change of Earth's angular momentum by 80 × 10

^{12}kg • m^{2}/s (an insignificant change, thankfully), calculate the mass of the meteor. (The radius of Earth = 6.38 10^{6 }m.) A) 3.4 10^{4}kg B) 5.6 10^{2}kg C) 3.6 10^{3}kg D) 4.5 10^{4}kg E) 56 kgFree

Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

Let us compare the angular momentum of Mars (L

_{M}) in its orbit around the Sun to that of Earth (L_{E}). The mean orbital speed of Mars is 24 km/s, whereas that of Earth is 30 km/s. The mean orbital radius of Mars is 228 10^{6}km, whereas that of Earth is 150 10^{6}km. If the mass of Mars is 11% that of Earth, calculate the ratio L_{M}/ L_{E}. A) 0.21 B) 0.090 C) 7.7 D) 11 E) 0.13Free

Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

If the angular momentum of a system is constant, which of the following statements must be true?
A) No torque acts on any part of the system.
B) A constant torque acts on each part of the system.
C) Zero net torque acts on each part of the system.
D) A constant external torque acts on the system.
E) Zero net torque acts on the system.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

The angular momentum of a system is conserved only if
A) the angular velocity is a function of time.
B) the sum of the external torques equals the sum of the internal torques.
C) the moment of inertia of the system is constant.
D) the sum of the external torques is zero.
E) the sum of the internal torques is zero.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

The angular momentum of a rotating object is initially and 2s later it is . The units are in kgm

^{2}/s. The torque that produces the change in angular momentum is A) B) C) D) E) none of the aboveFree

Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

The velocity a planet of mass m with circular orbit is given by where v

_{o}in m/s is a constant, and is the angular velocity. Its position vector is .The angular momentum of the planet about the center of the orbit is A) mv_{o}r_{o}B) mv_{o}r_{o}C) mv_{o}r_{o}(2 sin t cos t) D) mv_{o}r_{o}(2 sin t cos t) E) none of the aboveFree

Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

A constant torque of 15 N · m acts for 3.0 s on a system of mass 2.0 kg. The change in angular momentum of the system during this period of time is
A) 5.0 kg · m

^{2}/s B) 7.5 kg · m^{2}/s C) 10 kg · m^{2}/s D) 23 kg · m^{2}/s E) 45 kg · m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

The angular momentum of a body about a particular axis as a function of time is shown in the graph. The external torque acting on the body along this axis at t = 2 s is
A) 0
B) 5 N · m
C) 10 N · m
D) 20 N · m
E) 40 N · m

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

If the sum of the external torques acting on an isolated system of particles is zero, it must be true that
A) the system can have no kinetic energy.
B) the angular momentum of the system does not change.
C) the system can have no angular velocity.
D) the system can have no linear velocity.
E) the angular momentum of the system must be continually decreasing.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

Two balls, each of mass m, are attached to the ends of a rod of length l and mass M. The system is then rotated about a frictionless pivot located at the center of mass with angular velocity . The angular momentum of the system in vector form about the pivot is
A)
B)
C)
D)
E) none of the above

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

An athletic can twirl a baton so that it reaches an angular velocity of 12 rad/s from rest in 0.5 s. If the length of a uniform baton is 0.8 m and the mass is 0.5 kg, what is the torque needed to reach the angular velocity?
A) 0.4 Nm
B) 0.5 Nm
C) 0.8 Nm
D) 0.64 Nm
E) 1.24 Nm

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 27Q 27

A disc-shaped grindstone of mass 3.0 kg and radius 8.0 cm is spinning at 600 rev/min. After the power is shut off, a man continues to sharpen his axe by holding it against the grindstone until it stops 10 s later. What was the stone's initial kinetic energy when the power was turned off?
A) 19 J
B) 3.8 10

^{-3}J C) 4.8 10^{-5}J D) 1.9 10^{-3}J E) 2.4 10^{-2}JFree

Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

A spinning bicycle wheel is supported as shown by a line fastened to one end of its axle. The resultant torque acting on the wheel lies along which of the following axes?
A) x
B) y
C) -y
D) z
E) -z

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

The angular momentum vector for a spinning wheel lies along its axle and is pointed east. To make this vector point south, it is necessary to exert a force on the east end of the axle in which direction?
A) up
B) down
C) north
D) south
E) east

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

If the sum of the external torques on a system is zero, there is
A) a change in the system's moment of inertia.
B) no change in the system's moment of inertia.
C) a change in the system's angular momentum.
D) no change in the system's angular momentum.
E) a precessional angular velocity.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

If the sum of the torques on a body about a fixed axis is not zero, the body most certainly
A) experiences translational acceleration.
B) experiences angular acceleration.
C) experiences precession.
D) experiences rotational inertia.
E) remains in equilibrium.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

A woman sits on a spinning piano stool with her arms folded. When she extends her arms, which of the following occurs?
A) She increases her moment of inertia, thereby increasing her angular speed.
B) She increases her moment of inertia, thereby decreasing her angular speed.
C) She decreases her moment of inertia, thereby increasing her angular speed.
D) She decreases her moment of inertia, thereby decreasing her angular speed.
E) Both her moment of inertia and her angular speed remain constant.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

A man turns with an angular velocity on a rotating table, holding two equal masses at arms' length. If he drops the two masses without moving his arms, his angular velocity
A) decreases.
B) remains the same.
C) increases.
D) increases as the angular velocity of the masses decreases.
E) decreases as the angular velocity of the masses increases.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 34Q 34

A man stands on the center of a platform that is rotating on frictionless bearings at a speed of 1.00 rad/s. Originally his arms are outstretched and he holds a 4.54-kg mass in each hand. He then pulls the weights in toward his body. Assume the moment of inertia of the man, including his arms, to remain constant at 5.42 kg · m

^{2}. If the original distance of the weights from the axis is 0.914 m and their final distance is 0.305 m, the final angular velocity is A) 1.14 rad/s B) 1.27 rad/s C) 1.58 rad/s D) 2.08 rad/s E) 7.70 rad/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 35Q 35

A woman sits on a stool that can turn friction-free about its vertical axis. She is handed a spinning bicycle wheel that has angular momentum

_{0}and she turns it over (that is, through 180º). She thereby acquires an angular momentum of magnitude A) 0 B)_{0}_{ }C)_{0}_{ }D) 2_{0}E) 4_{0}_{ }Free

Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

Two identical cylindrical discs have a common axis. Initially one of the discs is spinning. When the two discs are brought into contact, they stick together. Which of the following is true?
A) The total kinetic energy and the total angular momentum are unchanged from their initial values.
B) Both the total kinetic energy and the total angular momentum are reduced to half of their original values.
C) The total angular momentum is unchanged, but the total kinetic energy is reduced to half its original value.
D) The total angular momentum is reduced to half its original value, but the total kinetic energy is unchanged.
E) The total angular momentum is unchanged, and the total kinetic energy is reduced to one-quarter of its original value.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

A wheel is rotating freely with an angular speed of 20 rad/s on a shaft whose moment of inertia is negligible. A second identical wheel, initially at rest, is suddenly coupled to the same shaft. The angular speed of the coupled wheels is
A) 10 rad/s
B) 14 rad/s
C) 20 rad/s
D) 28 rad/s
E) 40 rad/s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

A merry-go-round with a moment of inertia of 6.78 10

^{3}kg · m^{2}is coasting at 2.20 rad/s. When a 72.6-kg man steps onto the rim, the angular velocity decreases to 2.0 rad/s. The radius of the merry-go-round is A) 3.06 m B) 3.66 m C) 4.27 m D) 4.88 m E) 5.49 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

In a playground there is a small merry-go-round of radius 1.25 m and mass 175 kg. Assume the merry-go-round to be a uniform disc. A child of mass 45 kg runs at a speed of 3.0 m/s tangent to the rim of the merry-go-round (initially at rest) and jumps on. If we neglect friction, what is the angular speed of the merry-go-round after the child has jumped on and is standing at its outer rim?
A) 0.82 rad/s
B) 2.4 rad/s
C) 0.49 rad/s
D) 1.2 rad/s
E) 0.41 rad/s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

A hoop rotates about an axis through its center with an angular velocity of 40.0 rad/s. If the rotational kinetic energy of the hoop is 400 J, its angular momentum is
A) 800 kg · m

^{2}/s B) 400 kg · m^{2}/s C) 200 kg · m^{2}/s D) 20 kg · m^{2}/s E) 5 kg · m^{2}/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

Which of the following are required for the total momentum (both angular and linear) of a system to be conserved?
1)The sum of the external torques acting on the system must be zero.
2)The sum of the external forces acting on the system must be zero.
3)The total kinetic energy must remain constant.
4)There can be no external torques or forces acting on the system.
5)There can be no internal torques or forces acting on the system.
A)1 and 2
B)1, 2, and 3
C)1, 2, and 4
D)1, 2, 3, and 4
E)1, 2, 3, 4, and 5

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 42Q 42

A man is walking north carrying a suitcase that contains a spinning gyroscope mounted on an axle attached to the front and back of the case. The angular velocity of the gyroscope points north. The man now begins to turn to walk east. As a result, the front end of the suitcase
A) resists his attempt to turn and tries to remain pointed north.
B) fights his attempt to turn and pulls to the west.
C) rises upward.
D) dips downward.
E) does nothing whatever unusual.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 43Q 43

Two wheels with identical moments of inertia are rotating about the same axle. The first is rotating clockwise at 2.0 rad/s, and the second is rotating counterclockwise at 6.0 rad/s. If the two wheels are brought into contact so that they rotate together, their final angular velocity will be
A) 2.0 rad/s, counterclockwise.
B) 3.0 rad/s, clockwise.
C) 4.0 rad/s, counterclockwise.
D) 5.0 rad/s, clockwise.
E) 6.0 rad/s, clockwise.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 44Q 44

A disc with moment of inertia I

_{1}= 40 kgm^{2}and angular velocity _{1}= 20 rad/s is dropped on to a stationary second disc along the axis of rotation. The second disc has moment of inertia I_{2}= 60 kgm^{2}. What is the angular velocity of the two discs? A) 4 rad/s B) 6 rad/s C) 8 rad/s D) 12 rad/s E) 20 rad/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 45Q 45

A disc with moment of inertia I

_{1}= 40 kgm^{2}and angular velocity _{1}= 20 rad/s is dropped on to a stationary second disc along the axis of rotation. The second disc has moment of inertia I_{2}= 60 kgm^{2}. How much rotational kinetic energy is lost? A) 3200 J B) 4800 J C) 8000 J D) 11300 J E) 15000 JFree

Multiple Choice

Q 46Q 46

A wheel of moment of inertia 0.136 kg · m

^{2}is spinning with an angular speed of 5000 rad/s. A torque is applied about an axis perpendicular to the spin axis. If the applied torque has a magnitude of 67.8 N · m, the angular velocity of precession will be A) 1.00 rad/s B) 0.100 rad/s C) 10.0 rad/s D) 100 rad/s E) 1000 rad/sFree

Essay

Q 47Q 47

As the string wraps around the post, which of the following statements is true?
A) Angular momentum is conserved but not the mechanical energy.
B) Angular momentum is not conserved but the mechanical energy is conserved.
C) Both the angular momentum and the mechanical energy are conserved.
D) Angular momentum increases as the string gets shorter.
E) Whether the angular momentum and mechanical energy are conserved depends on v

_{o}and r_{o}.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 48Q 48

What is the angular momentum of the ball after the string has wrapped once around the post?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E) cannot be determined

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 49Q 49

A certain airplane engine rotates counterclockwise when viewed from aft (that is, from the back of the airplane). When the plane turns to the left,
A) the engine makes it turn faster than when it turns to the right.
B) the engine makes it turn slower than when it turns to the right.
C) it tends to dive.
D) it tends to climb.
E) the engine has no effect on the turn.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 50Q 50

A solid cylinder is spinning counterclockwise about a longitudinal axis when a net torque is applied, as shown. The cylinder
A) speeds up.
B) slows down.
C) precesses about a vertical axis.
D) precesses about a horizontal axis.
E) does none of these.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 51Q 51

A wheel is set spinning and then is hung by a rope placed at one end of the axle. The precession vector of the spinning wheel points in the direction of
A) z
B) -y
C) -z
D) -x
E) y

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 52Q 52

The propeller of a motorboat turns clockwise relative to a water skier being towed by the boat. As the boat makes a sharp turn to the left, gyroscopic action tends to
A) cause the front of the boat to rise.
B) cause the front of the boat to dip.
C) cause the boat to tip to the left.
D) cause the boat to tip to the right.
E) keep the boat headed in its original direction.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 53Q 53

A wheel is rotating in the direction indicated. If you pull down on the end of the axle nearest you, that end of the axle tends to move
A) up.
B) to the right.
C) down.
D) to the left.
E) directly inward.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 54Q 54

A gyroscopic wheel spins clockwise as shown. The set of vectors that correctly describes the directions of the torque , angular momentum , and angular velocity of precession

_{p}, is A) (+z); (-x); (+y) B) (-z); (+x); (-y) C) (+y); (-x); (+z) D) (-y); (-z); (-x) E) (+y); (-x); (-z)Free

Multiple Choice

Q 55Q 55

A spinning bicycle wheel with a loaded rim (essentially a hoop) is supported by a line at one end of its axle. The radius of the wheel is 0.305 m, and the wheel has a mass of 3.63 kg. It is spinning at 80.0 rad/s, and the center of mass is 15.2 cm from the point of support. The angular velocity of precession is
A) 0.0125 rad/s
B) 0.0318 rad/s
C) 0.200 rad/s
D) 0.100 rad/s
E) 0.625 rad/s

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 56Q 56

The figure shows vectors representing the angular velocity of precession

_{p}and the spin velocity _{s}. The associated torque vector points along which of the axes? A) -x B) y C) z D) -z E) None of these is correct.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 57Q 57

Consider Earth as a uniform sphere of diameter 12.7 10

^{6}m, with a mass of the 5.98 10^{30}kg, and a rotational period of 1 day. If Earth suddenly had a diameter of half this value without any loss of mass, calculate the new period of rotation. A) 0.5 days B) 2.0 days C) 0.25 days D) 4.0 days E) 1.4 daysFree

Multiple Choice

Q 58Q 58

If an object were to suddenly shrink and decrease its moment of inertia by a factor of 3, what is the difference in energy between the final and initial rotational kinetic energies?
A) 3 times initial K

_{rot }B) 9 times initial K_{rot }C) 8 times initial K_{rot }D) 2 times initial K_{rot }E) zero, K_{rot}remains the sameFree

Multiple Choice

Q 59Q 59

Spin particles
A) are called bosons.
B) have spin angular momenta that can be changed by applying a net torque to them.
C) can have angular momenta that change continuously from one value to another.
D) can very accurately be thought of as spinning spheres.
E) are described by none of the above.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 60Q 60

Which of the following statements is true?
A) The angular momentum of a particle due to its motion is its orbital angular momentum.
B) Spin particles are called fermions.
C) The fundamental unit of angular momentum is .
D) The units of are J·s.
E) All of these are correct.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 61Q 61

If the distance between two hydrogen atoms of H

_{2}is 0.1 nm, what is its E_{0r}? A) 2.40 10^{ }^{2}^{3}J B) 6.70 10^{ }^{22}J C) 1.05 10^{ }^{22}J D) 1.60 10^{ }^{22}J F) 2.45 10^{ }^{22}JFree

Multiple Choice

Q 62Q 62

Which of the following statements is true?
A) Stable matter consists of electrons, protons, and neutrons.
B) Electrons, protons, and neutrons have an intrinsic angular momentum that is called spin.
C) Bosons have zero spin or integral spin.
D) The spin angular momentum of a particle is a fundamental property of the particle and as such cannot be changed.
E) All of these are correct.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 63Q 63

Which of the following statements is not true?
A) Stable matter consists of electrons, protons, and neutrons.
B) Electrons, protons, and neutrons have an intrinsic angular momentum that is called spin.
C) Bosons have zero spin or integral spin.
D) An electron is well known to have a finite size.
E) The spin angular momentum of a particle is a fundamental property of the particle and as such cannot be changed.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 64Q 64

The energy-level diagram that most closely represents a rotating molecule with constant moment of inertia is
A) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 4
E) 5

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 65Q 65

In a rotating atomic nucleus shaped like a football the quantized rotational energy levels have angular momentum values l = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, etc. Given that the energy of each level is equal to a constant times l (l + 1), calculate the ratio of the l = 4 to l = 2 energy levels.
A) 4.0
B) 0.3
C) 2.0
D) 0.5
E) 3.3

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 66Q 66

In a rotating atomic nucleus shaped like a football the quantized energy levels have rotational quantum number values of 0, 2, 4, etc. If the energies of the first three states are 0 keV, 138 keV, and 460 keV, calculate the moment of inertia of the nucleus.
A) 9.41 10

^{}^{36}keV•s^{2 }B) 9.41 10^{}^{36}eV•s^{2 }C) 1.43 10^{}^{17}keV•s^{2 }D) 1.43 10^{}^{17}eV•s^{2 }E) 9.41 10^{}^{33}keV•s^{2 }Free

Multiple Choice

Q 67Q 67

For a rotating molecule with a constant moment of inertia what is the energy difference between the l = 5 and l = 7 energy levels?
A) 2 E

_{0r }B) 24 E_{0r}C) 86 E_{0r}D) 26 E_{0r}F) 35 E_{0r}Free

Multiple Choice